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Transcript of psych 311
In Infancy Social Orientation/Understanding and Attachment strategies in regard to child care Interpretations and
Critiques of Attachment Individual Differences
in Attachment Emotional Development Temperament Emotional and
Personality Development 1. Describing and Classifying Temperament
Chess and Thomas’ Classification: identified
. slow-to-warm child
2. Biological Foundations and Experience 1. Trust
occurs at first year of life
2. The Developing Sense of Self
occurs late in second year and early in third year
Autonomy versus Shame
and Doubt. Attachment and It's Development Mary Ainsworth's Strange Situation
Securely attached babies
Insecure avoidant babies
Insecure resistant babies
Insecure disorganized babies 1. Several studies show relationships between early attachments and behavior later in life
2. Some children do not follow the same patterns
3. Is there too much emphasis on attachment?
4. Cultural differences in attachment Know that how you parent is a direct affect on your child.
Monitor your child's development
Take time to find the right child care provider for your baby. Personality Development 1. Biological and Environmental Influences
2. Early Emotions
Primary emotions- emotions that are present in humans and other animals, appear in the first 6 months of infants development.
Self-conscious emotions- requires self awareness that involves consciousness and sense of "me"
3. Emotional Expression and Social Relationships
Crying, Smiling, Fear
4. Emotional Regulation and Coping Social Orientation/
Understanding 1. Social Orientation
Face to face play
3. Intention and Goal-Directed Behavior
4. Social Referencing Theories of Attachment 1. Freud
Harry Harlow's monkeys
Trust vs mistrust
Four phases of attachment
Phase 1- Birth to 2 months
Phase 2- From 2 to 7 months
Phase 3- From 7 to 24 months
Phase 4- From 24 months on Caregiving Styles and Attachment 1. Sensitive caregivers
2. Insensitive caregivers Social Contexts The Family Reciprocal Socialization: is the socialization that is bidirectional. Children socialize parents just as parents socialize their children. Scaffolding: is when parents time interactions is such a way that the infant experiences turn-taking with the parents. Example of Scaffolding