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Edgar Allan Poe

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Marina P

on 23 March 2015

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe
Marina Aikaterina Pantazi
Oltjana Papa

American Poetry
4th Semester

Edgar Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts on 19 January 1809.
David Poe either dies or abandons his family in 1810.
Elizabeth Poe dies of tuberculosis
in extreme poverty in December 1811,
at the age of twenty-four.
Edgar is taken into the home of John Allan,
a Scottish tobacco merchant,
although he is never to be officially adopted.
He is provided with all the comforts and is raised to be a gentleman.
1815-1820: The Allans move to England,
where Edgar attends the distinguished
Manor House School at Stoke Newington.
1826: Edgar enters the university of Virginia leaving behind Sarah Elmira Royster,
his childhood love to whom he had been engaged.
Allan does not provide sufficient financial support and
Edgar starts gambling to gain more money
eventually creating debts that he cannot pay off.
Allan refuses to assist him,
so Edgar is forced to withdraw from the university
despite his high academic performance.
Poe's Biography
1827: Edgar enlists in the Army, where he is to excel.
Tamerlane and Other Poems
In the same year
he publishes his first poetry collection
A rupture is created between the two men.
However, they briefly reconcile when
Edgar returns home in Richmond, Virginia.
in Boston.
1829: Edgar publishes his second collection
Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Other Poems.
Mrs. Allan dies and John Allan helps
Edgar enter the United States Military
at West Point in June 1830.
Once again
Edgar fails to gain Allan's appreciation,
deliberately ignores his duties,
and is discharged in January 1831.
1831-1835: Edgar lives in Baltimore, Maryland
in extreme poverty.
He becomes an occasional drinker and feeds poorly.
He frequently boards at the home of Mrs. Clemn, his aunt, and falls in love with his young cousin Virginia.
October 1833: He wins the
Baltimore Saturday Visitor
short story competition
with "MS. Found in a Bottle".
1835: Edgar becomes the editor of the
Southern Literary Messenger
In the same year he marries
his thirteen-year-old cousin Virginia Clemn.
Virginia has an artistic nature and inspires many of his works.
in Richmond but is poorly paid.
1837: Edgar leaves the
He moves to New York City and then to Philadelphia, where from 1839 to 1842 he is the editor of
Burton's Gentleman's Magazine
and then of
Graham's Magazine.
December 1839: He publishes his first collection of short stories
Tales of the Grotesque and the Arabesque.
January 1845: His poem "The Raven" appears
Evening Mirror
and becomes an overnight success.
in the New York
30 January 1847: Virginia dies
in Fordham, New York having suffered
from tuberculosis for five years.
Edgar ends up emotionally and mentally exhausted
and attempts suicide.
He drinks heavily and "flirts" with insanity.
June 1848: He publishes
subtitled "A Prose Poem",
a non-fiction work, in which he discusses
his conception of the universe and God.
Edgar meets Mrs. Sarah Helen Whitman, a widow,
and they get engaged in 1848.
Eventually the engagement breaks off because
her family regards him a fortune-hunter and a drunkard.
Later on he courts again the love of his youth,
Sarah Elmira Royster, now the widowed Mrs. Shelton,
and they become engaged.
September 1849: Shortly before the wedding
Edgar takes a trip to Baltimore to settle some affairs.
3 October 1849: Walker,
Baltimore Sun,
finds Poe lying semi-conscious in the rain. He is taken to Washington College Hospital.
He remains delirious for four days
and dies at around 5 am on Sunday, 7 October 1849, at the age of forty,
crying out "Lord, help my poor soul".
a compositor of the
of Poe's Work

premature burial
reanimation of the dead
He fathered detective fiction and science fiction
(e.g. "Von Kempelen and His Discovery",
"The Unparalleled Adventure of
One Hans Pfaall").
Poe is considered as
the architect of the modern short story.
Central literary theory:
Each work must create a unity of effect on the reader.
This single effect must be carefully constructed
by the author
and arouse the reader's sense of beauty,
which Poe associated with
sadness, despair, and loss.
Attack against didacticism and imitation.
Dark romanticism
as a reaction to transcendentalism,
which Poe considered pretentious.
Many of Poe's works have
symbolic and allegorical features
(e.g. "The Fall of the House of Usher",
"The Masque of the Red Death").
Use of irony
Poe's short stories were influenced by nineteenth-century Romanticism,
the stories of E.T.A. Hoffman,
and the Gothic novels of Ann Radcliff.
Poe's work influenced
later horror literature writers, including Ambrose Bierce
and H.P. Lovecraft.
Poe's works have received mixed reviews.

Important literary figures
such as Henry James and T.S. Eliot dismissed them as juvenile and vulgar, whereas such writers as Bernard Shaw
and William Carlo Williams
considered them to be of high artistic value.
Although not recognised during his lifetime,
today Poe is one of the best known
and most critically acclaimed
fiction writers and poets of his time,
having had a tremendous impact
on modern literature.
Both his parents, David and Elizabeth Arnold Poe, are professional actors.
Thank you!
Alterton, Margaret & Hardin Craig.
Edgar Allan Poe.
U.S.A.: American
Rogers, David.
Tales and Poetry of Edgar Allan Poe.
New York: Monarch
horror stories (e.g. "The Black Cat",
"The Cask of Amontillado")
satires (e.g. "The Man that was Used Up")
humor tales (e.g. "Some Words with a Mummy")
hoaxes (e.g. "The Balloon-Hoax")
poems (e.g. "The Lake", "To Helen", "The Sleeper")
reviews and critical theories
The Penguin English Library, 1967.
Selected Writings of Edgar Allan Poe.
Galloway, David. Introduction.
Poe's picture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edgar_Allan_Poe_
Background music: www.youtube.com/watch?v=XWL6iRiwRG8
His poetry reflects the work of
eminent English Romantics
such as Lord Byron, John Keats,
and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
"Edgar Allan Poe".
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
"Edgar Allan Poe".
Poetry Foundation.
n.p. n.d. Web.
19 May
n.d. Poetry Foundation. Web.
19 May 2013.
Book Company, 1935.
Press, 1965.
Full transcript