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Anti-War movement of Vietnam War
Transcript of Anti-War movement of Vietnam War
Draft was in order, 1.4 million men drafted.
Approx. 1.55 million soliders lost on both sides.
Cost 111billion dollars to fund. By the time U.S. planes began regular bombings of North Vietnam in February 1965, some critics had begun to question the government’s assertion that it was fighting a democratic war to liberate the South Vietnamese people from Communist aggressive.
Peace leaders opposed the war on moral and economic grounds.
A vocal minorty starts to make its voice heard. Student Democratic Society was one of the first organizations and largest organization in the 1960's to protest the war. It was mostly made up of college students. It organized the first "teach-ins" pdemonstrations on campus explaining their beliefs. Vietnam Veterans Against the War
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
National Black Anti-War Anti-Draft Union
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom Many young people embraced the movement and started to rebel against the establishment. They rejected authority and embraced the drug culture. They were called hippies. May 12, 1964, twelve young men in New York publicly burn their draft cards to protest the war.
On November 27, 1965, Coretta Scott King, SDS President Carl Oglesby, and Dr. Benjamin Spock, among others, spoke at an anti-war rally of about 30,000 in D.C. in the largest demonstration to date.
In 1966 Muhammad Ali declared himself a conscientious objector and refused to go to war. He would be tried for draft evasion sentanced to 5 years in prision and a 3-year boxing ban.
On October 21, 1967, one of the most prominent anti-war demonstrations took place, as some 100,000 protesters gathered at the Lincoln Memorial.
On April 26, 1968, a million college and high school students boycotted class to show opposition to the war. After President Richard M. Nixon appeared on national television to announce the invasion of Cambodia by the United States and the need to draft 150,000 more soldiers. At Kent State University in Ohio, protesters launched a demonstration that included setting fire to the ROTC building, prompting the governor of Ohio to dispatch 900 National Guardsmen to the campus May 4, twenty-eight guardsmen opened fire on a crowd, killing four students and wounding nine Political Results By early February 1968, a Gallup poll showed only 35 percent of the population approved of Johnson's handling of the war and a full 50 percent disapproved.
Nixon said he would return law and order and his policies divided the country even deeper.
In mid-1971, the publication of the first Pentagon Papers--which revealed previously confidential details about the war's conduct stirring up even more questions about the government.
In response to a strong anti-war mandate, Nixon announced the effective end to U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia in January 1973. African Americans in the Movement African Americans that participated in the civil rights movement also participated in the anti- war movement.
Dr. King was against the war.
Civil Rights organizations also became involved in the anti-war movement such as the Black Panthers. Arts of the Movement Bob Dylan
"Blowin' In The Wind " Kent State