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The Invisible Gorilla

And Other ways Intuition Deceives Us

John Doe

on 31 October 2012

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Transcript of The Invisible Gorilla

drowsy, awake, dream, blanket, doze, pillow, bed, slumber, snooze, snore, mattress, rest, yawn, tired, nap Before we begin the next part, memorize these words: And Other ways Intuition Deceives Us The Invisible Gorilla The Illusion of Sight What Just Happened? You've fallen prey to inattentional blindness. Just about anybody can become a victim of this.
When your attention is focused so much on one object, something unexpected, even if it is right in front of you, beating its chest, can be missed. The Illusion of Memory What is this all about? How do we think of memory?
Most of us think of it as a camera that
records what we think, with, of course, occasional lapses.
However, this may not often be the case. As with sight, memory can be deceptive.
Many of us, however, are in consensus that all of our memories are stored somewhere in our mind, just waiting to be accessed.
How many times have we forgotten our science homework, though? How many times have we neglected to check Blackboard? We consider these everyday occurrences natural, but we still hold fast that memory is detailed and accurate. But, of course, we're going to try and disprove that.
Which brings us to... Let's play a game... Try and remember all of the words on the list that we memorized.

How many people remember the word doze?
How many people remember the word bed?
How many people remember the word sleep?
How many people remember the word rest? Around 40% of people will probably have a very distinct memory of the word sleep on the list. You may actually see it in your mind. Too bad you mind is lying. Why is my brain a liar? Memory combines what happened and what you think happened. As you read the words, you process them and automatically relate them to "sleep" subconsciouly, but may not have taken special notice of the fact that "sleep" wasn't actually there.
The point? Memory is NOT a perfect recording. It's an interpretation. The Illusion of Knowledge Explain how one of the following works and tell me why: A car speedometer
A zipper
A piano key
A toilet
A cylinder lock
A helicopter You probably had no idea. You thought you knew it. You KNEW you knew it. But you didn't know it. Welcome to... The illusion of knowledge basically says that we think we know more than we actually know. Do financial advisers really have a grasp over stocks, fore example? The Illusion of Cause Look at these two statements: Bill's brother punched Bill repeatedly. The next day Bill was covered in bruises.

Bill's crazy mother was furious with Bill. The next day, Bill was covered with bruises. You saw the statements. For the first one, no inference is necessary. The cause of Bill's bruises is clear.
For the second, your mind automatically formed a theory of some sort of child abuse.
But why? The cause of the bruises is implied, not stated. Your mind jumped to conclusions, which is the first part of... Riddle me this... Why do more people drown when more people eat ice cream? Surely Ice cream cannot cause drowning. And surely drowning cannot cause eating ice cream. This illustrates the difference between causation and correlation. One does not cause another; they are both affected by a third party, in this case, summer. Back in the 2000's there was a huge scandal about how the measles vaccine "caused" autism,mostly due to story of celebrity Jenny McCarthy's son, Evan. As we now know, we can infer that though they saw autism develop after the vaccine, it does not necessarily mean that the vaccine caused autism. Everybody remembers Brain Age, Nintendo's game to improve cognitive function. For only a few minutes a day, you can vastly improve memory! And how about all of those Mozart CD's your teacher played in elementary school. Just by listening, you become creative! If you actually believed those claims, I'm afraid I have some bad news for you. The Illusion of Potential Products such as these feed on our hope that we can instantly access infinite mind power through simple steps. Too bad the Mozart experiments were false and Brain Age doesn't actually help anything but solve simple math problems.

The Illusion of Sight
The Illusion of Memory
The Illusion of Knowledge
The Illusion of Cause
The Illusion of Potential

All of these together combine to form what we call "intuition". All of these illusions are the main topics of the book "The Invisible Gorilla", which promotes logical thought as opposed to "intuition". In Conclusion: Chabris, Christopher F., and Daniel J. Simons. The Invisible Gorilla: And Other Ways Our Intuitions Deceive Us. New York: Crown, 2010. Print. The book is a very helpful resource in proving how logical thought trumps intuition, and giving examples of why. It explains all about the different illusions and how they are effective in real life.
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