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Spanish Empire 1450-1750

Hannah Madore's awesome graphic organizer of the Spanish Empire from the time period of 1450-1750.

Hannah Madore

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Spanish Empire 1450-1750

Spanish Empire 1450-1750 Hannah Madore Queen Isabella (1451-1504) ~Queen of Castile and Aragon
~Married Ferdinand of Aragon (1469)
~Marriage led to union of Spain’s largest kingdom
~Laid foundations for Spain’s future greatness (1479)
~New roads built
~Coinage made standard ~Founded in 1402 by Henry III of Castile
~Lasted about 400- 500 years ~fortunes of spanish settlers moved away ~from search of metal
~benefited from exploitation; slaves
~Columbus introduced sugar to indies
-impose gold tax Spanish settlers make slaves of Indians Map of Spanish Empire-16th century Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) ~Spanish explorer and soldier
~Overthrew the Aztec empire (1519-1521)
-won Mexico for the crown of Spain ~Became allies with some of the native peoples he encountered Machu Picchu Statue of Manco Capac ~Spanish into English means "hot waters"
~named for its hot springs
~Its proximity to the ancient Inca Empire city Machu Picchu makes it a popular destination for visitors
~Depicts the legendary first ruler of the Inca Empire, Manco Capac. ~Spain takes the lead, developing an empire in the New World.
~Extend across most of the Americas and into Asia (16th Century) ~Spain divided up their world into three primary viceroyalties: New Spain, New Castile, and New Granada ~city built in the mid-15th century
~many ruins including palaces, houses, and temples ~http://geography.about.com/od/historyofgeography/a/spanishempire.htm
~http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_Spain Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) ~explorer, navigator, and colonizer
~Monarchs allowed him to reach India by sailing west
-discovered America ~completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519-1521) ~warriors captured Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire
~ allied with a number of the tributaries and rivals
~When Cortés arrived in Tenochtitlan, on November 8, 1519, he took up residence
~Cortés took Montezuma captive in his own palace
~had to fight their way out
~Spanish and Tlaxcalans would return with reinforcements
~siege plan that led to the fall of Tenochtitlan a year later ~native women as mistresses
~later as wives
~prohibited unmarried women from emigrating unless they were servants or traveling with family members
~allowing Spanish men to marry indigenous women might encourage them to settle down
~1530s, Spain issued policies to encourage single men to wed Gender Roles Reasons to Visit the Spanish Empire ~conquered many regions (ex: America, Mexico, Peru)
~Became part of the Roman Empire
~Was home to Queen Isabella and King Ferninand of Aragon, Christopher Columbus, and Hernan Cortes
~Began the New World
~Greatly extended their empire
~Strong empire ~China trade (1564)
-silks, spices, porcelains from Philippines
~ trade across the Atlantic Ocean between Spain and the Americas
-across the Pacific Ocean between Asia-Pacific and Mexico
~Slave trade in Africa
-Base for plantations for cocoa Spanish Military Flag Middle heraldic shield of Charles I, representing territories in Spain (top) and his other European possessions (bottom) The Battle of Rocroi (1643), the symbolic end of the greatness of Spain. A Spanish galleon, the symbol of Spain's maritime empire King Ferdinand
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