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Audio & Visual Support, Delivery and Impromptu Speaking (12,13,17)

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Robert Walls

on 6 February 2018

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Transcript of Audio & Visual Support, Delivery and Impromptu Speaking (12,13,17)

What’s the best piece of advice?


Be fluent - don’t use fillers

To the point

How do Impromptu Speech days work?

Supporting & Delivering Your Impromptu Speech


Attention Device
Topic Revelation Statement
Significance Statement
Preview of Main Points


I. First main point
II. Second main point
III. Third main point


Review of topic and main points
Lasting thought

How to Organize Your Impromptu Speech?

Physical placement of the body in a speaking situation.
Convey strength up here and not weakness
Straight back, shoulders rolled back, etc.

Controlled Movement
- There are two types

Unintentional movement
- fidgeting, swaying, pacing, etc.

Controlled movement
- pre determined or planned movements

Transitional Walking
- you take steps to change the tone or topic. When I lecture, I typically make a point, then walk…. make another point and then walk… It’s for a purpose

- they are controlled hand movements.
They are important because they add expression, emphasis and clarity.
Typically above the waist
Avoid too much of the same movement - repetition
If this isn’t comfortable to you, relax your arms and stay away from it

Facial Expressions
- movements on your face
You confidence or lack of will be expressed on your face entirely - know this
Whether its eyebrows, lips, eyes, etc. - certain movements convey lack of confidence
Smile, eye contact

Delivery Body Techniques

Last two types of delivery…

Impromptu Delivery
- this occurs when the speaker has limited preparation time.

The speaker prepares an outline of the speech during a brief preparation time

This is the speaking style you will use the rest of your life in interview, with clients, etc.

This can be very impressive for someone who hones this skill and is great at it

Extemporaneous Delivery
- you prepare all the content of the speech, including a very thorough outline, but it does not come out word-for-word

This style has advantages because you tend to sound very conversational because you are developing your sentences naturally

Content can be altered based on the reaction of the audience

This the the style I use for every speech I give now

It takes time, practice and effort, but once you become comfortable with this approach it can ease anxiety greatly for you.


Four types of delivery of speeches

Manuscript Delivery
- the speaker writes out every word of the speech in advance and then reads from the script.

When delivering this type of speech it is still essential that you perform the speech, not just read it.

Tone of your voice must still be conversational, energetic and still make eye contact

Should be very rehearsed so that you have much of it memorized and the manuscript is only for reference

Memorized Delivery
- the speaker writes out every word of the speech, but performs it entirely without any notes

Not recommended for this class, but if you can hone this skill, it can be VERY powerful and effective

Naturally, this takes the most prep


So what are the rules?

Choose audio and visual support that enhances your speech
Don’t just have something because it’s required. Make sure it actually enhances. Bad example is when I gave a speech on the music industry in college and showed a CD

Use it sparingly

Easy rule

Each visual image should only contain one major idea
Basically, if you have three main points - three visuals at the most. You don’t need a visual for every sub point

Keep the content of the visuals consistent and professional

Use the same fonts, styling, colors, etc. if using PowerPoint.
Avoid meaningless clip art and effects
Double check for accuracy

Make sure visuals are large
This is self explanatory

Make sure any poster-style visual aids are sturdy
Be smart about it. Don’t use a poster made out of notebook paper.

Keep in mind all audience members
One thing I do wrong is overload slides with too much text. Keep it simpler than I do. I do it because I don’t want to have 100 slides per lecture, but you get the point.

Preparing Your Audio & Visual Support


Objects are naturally one of the more common approaches

Don’t be average! From your speech topic to your visual aid, strive to be the best.

My challenge is to give speeches that we may not expect or know about, which allows unique visual representations.


Audio Support
- very short audio clips to support a point, be sure you test and have it prepared prior to your speech

Video and Animation
- similar, if you use, just be sure it pertains directly. Please only use if it fully pertains (i.e. teaching us to edit, etc.). We don’t have enough time in this class to utilize videos during your speeches.

Slide shows
- PowerPoint, Keynote, etc. These can be very effective, but just be sure you have rehearsed with these if you use them and think about environment - no clicker

Objects & Media

Visual Representation


Audio & Visual Support
Impromptu Speaking

Start Practicing in your car. Come up with a topic last second and give a speech

Communicate out loud as much as possible

Be conscious of how you carry yourself. Be confident. Believe in yourself

Get Ready for Impromptu

This is your very first speech. It will be around 60 seconds to 2 minutes long and it must have organization

In some sense, this can be the most challenging type of speech, but if you can get through this, you can get through the whole semester.

Here is how it will work:
I will give you a topic. You will go outside of class and will have 5-10 minutes to prepare

You will need to have an introduction, 2-4 main points and a conclusion

You will then come in and deliver the speech

If you have a tough time, I will help you through it.

Impromptu Speaking

Every person in this room has to be able to hear your speech clearly

Volume Variety
Not many students utilize this technique (changing of volume to emphasize points), but it can be very effective when driving home points, but takes practice

Range of high notes and low notes while speaking. It can also add closure to a sentence. Practice it. Work on it.

The speed at which you deliver your speech. Be conscious of it and don’t speak too fast or too slow

Don’t be afraid of pauses. They can be very effective if done correctly. President Obama does these well. However, you don’t want to use fillers:
Like, So, Well, Y’know, Okay, And, Basically, etc.

If you don’t know how to pronounce something, look it up and practice it. I

The clarity at which you speak your words. Who does this well? Ryan Seacrest

Vocal Health
Take care of yourself before speeches. Drink tea, stay away from alcohol, etc.

Back to pitch - Did you see the guy who sang “Let it go” in all the Disney & Pixar voices?

Delivery Vocal Techniques

Follow these steps…

As stated, make sure every person can see or hear it

Control the moment when the audience sees the specific visual
Nothing kills a moment when it shows up too early or too late. Do what you need to do. Keep it in your backpack. Cover it in plastic. Have a friend keep it outside.

Talk to your audience, not your visuals
Maintain eye contact with your audience, not your visual the whole speech

Do not dim the lights for extensive periods of your speech - front lights are fine, but not dark
Self explanatory. You don’t want them to fall asleep

Stay away from the dry erase board unless absolutely necessary.
Unless needed for a specific example, it just seems unprepared and not creative.

If using audio or video briefly, please explain why you are using it

Avoid passing something around the class

Remember back in elementary school? The entire time you had that object you weren’t paying attention to a word the teacher was saying.

Using Visual & Audio Support During Your Speech


Clarify Complex Concepts
Science, software, objects that audience isn’t familiar with, etc.

Can convey powerful emotions
Tobacco effects, world hunger, etc.

Show comparisons
a map of Los Angeles and the amount of violent crimes in the 1950s vs. today

Help improve recall
Bringing back a memory of something you may have forgot from your childhood

Add interest
It’s tough to stay interested at times. This is the reason why I use visual aids in class to keep your attentions

Promote conciseness
Sometimes a word description would be far too much. Book uses a great example of a student who enlarged a picture of a photo taken after a hurricane in Kauai and didn’t have to describe the damage because it was beyond evident

mprove credibility
It goes both ways, if it works - it’s great credibility. If it doesn’t work, you lose it quickly.

Serve as evidence

Advantages & Disadvantages of Audio & Visual Support

You can’t always describe everything with your words and visual examples are needed

Therefore visual aids become very important to the public speaking process

So what are the types of visual aids and lets talk through them

Visual Representations



Audio and Visual Support

Julian Treasure talks about public speaking fundamentals
Full transcript