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Audio & Visual Support, Delivery and Impromptu Speaking (12,13,17)

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Robert Walls

on 1 July 2016

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Transcript of Audio & Visual Support, Delivery and Impromptu Speaking (12,13,17)

Your mind is an inventory of knowledge
What if I say, your topic is…. Top three movies of all time
Utilizing personal experience is encouraged and positive in these moments

What’s the best piece of advice?
BE CONFIDENT. BE CONFIDENT. BE CONFIDENT.

When I gave the impromptu speech last class (peanut butter and honey)

Be fluent - don’t use fillers. You are coming up with most of this on the fly so really focus on what you are communicating and how you are

Succinct - when you get through your ideas and you have nothing left to say, instead of just repeating yourself, review your ideas and wrap it up.

How do I do it?
I give you a topic and you go outside

First off, come up with your three main points as quickly as possible
Develop some support around those three main lines using examples, facts or reasoning
Develop an attention device so it can be used at the beginning of your speech and as part of your conclusion

Mentally review everything, write down if needed and GO!!!!!

Supporting & Delivering Your Impromptu Speech

It’s only two minutes and you already know this, but remember…

Intro:

1. Attention Device
2. Topic Revelation Statement
3. Significance Statement
4. Preview of main points

Body:

1. First main point
2. Second main point
3. Third main point

Conclusion:

1. Review of topic and main points
2. Lasting thought

How to Organize Your Impromptu Speech?

Posture
It is the physical placement of the body in a speaking situation.
It is VERY important that you convey strength up here and not weakness, yet still professional
Just like old people always told you - straight back, shoulders rolled back, etc.

Controlled Movement
- There are two types

Unintentional movement
- fidgeting, swaying, pacing, etc.

Controlled movement
- pre determined or planned movements

Transitional Walking
- you take steps to change the tone or topic. When I lecture, I typically make a point, then walk…. make another point and then walk… It’s for a purpose

Gestures
- they are controlled hand movements.
They are important because they add expression, emphasis and clarity.
Typically above the waist
Avoid too much of the same movement - repetition
If this isn’t comfortable to you, relax your arms and stay away from it

Facial Expressions
- movements on your face
You confidence or lack of will be expressed on your face entirely - know this
Whether its eyebrows, lips, eyes, etc. - certain movements convey lack of confidence
Smile, eye contact

Delivery Body Techniques

Last two types of delivery…

Impromptu Delivery
- this occurs when the speaker has limited preparation time.

The speaker prepares an outline of the speech during a brief preparation time

This is the speaking style you will use the rest of your life in interview, with clients, etc.

This can be very impressive for someone who hones this skill and is great at it


Extemporaneous Delivery
- you prepare all the content of the speech, including a very thorough outline, but do not write it out word-for-word

This style has advantages because you tend to sound very conversational because you are developing your sentences naturally

Content can be altered based on the reaction of the audience

This the the style I use for every speech I give now

It takes time, practice and effort, but once you become comfortable with this approach it can ease anxiety greatly for you.

Delivery

Four types of delivery of speeches

Manuscript Delivery
- the speaker writes out every word of the speech in advance and then reads from the script.

When delivering this type of speech it is still essential that you perform the speech, not just read it.

Tone of your voice must still be conversational, energetic and still make eye contact

Should be very rehearsed so that you have much of it memorized and the manuscript is only for reference

Memorized Delivery
- the speaker writes out every word of the speech, but performs it entirely without any notes

Not recommended for this class, but if you can hone this skill, it can be VERY powerful and effective

Naturally, this takes the most prep

Delivery

So what are the rules?

Choose audio and visual support that enhances your speech
Don’t just have something because it’s required. Make sure it actually enhances. Bad example is when I gave a speech on the music industry in college and showed a CD

Use it sparingly

Easy rule

Each visual image should only contain one major idea
Basically, if you have three main points - three visuals at the most. You don’t need a visual for every sub point

Keep the content of the visuals consistent and professional

Use the same fonts, styling, colors, etc. if using PowerPoint.
Avoid meaningless clip art and effects
Double check for accuracy

Make sure visuals are large
This is self explanatory

Make sure any poster-style visual aids are sturdy
Be smart about it. Don’t use a poster made out of notebook paper.

Keep in mind all audience members
One thing I do wrong is overload slides with too much text. Keep it simpler than I do. I do it because I don’t want to have 100 slides per lecture, but you get the point.

Preparing Your Audio & Visual Support

Objects

Objects are naturally one of the more common approaches

Don’t be average! From your speech topic to your visual aid, strive to be the best.

My challenge is to give speeches that we may not expect or know about, which allows unique visual representations.

Media

Audio Support
- very short audio clips to support a point, be sure you test and have it prepared prior to your speech

Video and Animation
- similar, if you use, just be sure it pertains directly. Please only use if it fully pertains (i.e. teaching us to edit, etc.). We don’t have enough time in this class to utilize videos during your speeches.


Slideshows
- PowerPoint, Keynote, etc. These can be very effective, but just be sure you have rehearsed with these if you use them and think about environment - no clicker




Objects & Media

When you can’t actually bring the object into the speaking environment



Visual Representation

PROF. KENT WALLS

Audio & Visual Support, Delivery & Impromptu Speaking

Start Practicing in your car. Come up with a topic last second and give a speech

Communicate out loud as much as possible

Be conscious of how you carry yourself. Be confident. Believe in yourself



Get Ready for Impromptu

This is your very first speech. It will be 2 minutes long and it must have organization

In some sense, this can be the most challenging type of speech, but if you can get through this, you can get through the whole semester.

Here is how it will work:
I will give you a topic. You will go outside of class and will have 5-10 minutes to prepare

You will need to have an introduction, 2-4 main points and a conclusion

You will then come in and deliver the speech

If you have a tough time, I will help you through it.

Impromptu Speaking

Projection
Every person in this room has to be able to hear your speech clearly

Volume Variety
Not many students utilize this technique (changing of volume to emphasize points), but it can be very effective when driving home points, but takes practice

Pitch
Range of high notes and low notes while speaking. It can also add closure to a sentence. Practice it. Work on it.

Rate
The speed at which you deliver your speech. Be conscious of it and don’t speak too fast or too slow

Pausing
Don’t be afraid of pauses. They can be very effective if done correctly. President Obama does these well. However, you don’t want to use fillers:
Like, So, Well, Y’know, Okay, And, Basically, etc.

Pronunciation
If you don’t know how to pronounce something, look it up and practice it. I

Articulation
The clarity at which you speak your words. Who does this well? Ryan Seacrest

Vocal Health
Take care of yourself before speeches. Drink tea, stay away from alcohol, etc.

Back to pitch - Did you see the guy who sang “Let it go” in all the Disney & Pixar voices?

Delivery Vocal Techniques




Follow these steps…

As stated, make sure every person can see or hear it

Control the moment when the audience sees the specific visual
Nothing kills a moment when it shows up too early or too late. Do what you need to do. Keep it in your backpack. Cover it in plastic. Have a friend keep it outside.

Talk to your audience, not your visuals
Maintain eye contact with your audience, not your visual the whole speech

Do not dim the lights for extensive periods of your speech - front lights are fine, but not dark
Self explanatory. You don’t want them to fall asleep

Stay away from the dry erase board unless absolutely necessary.
Unless needed for a specific example, it just seems unprepared and not creative.

If using audio or video briefly, please explain why you are using it

Avoid passing something around the class

Remember back in elementary school? The entire time you had that object you weren’t paying attention to a word the teacher was saying.

Using Visual & Audio Support During Your Speech

Advantages

Clarify Complex Concepts
Science, software, objects that audience isn’t familiar with, etc.


Can convey powerful emotions
Tobacco effects, world hunger, etc.

Show comparisons
a map of Los Angeles and the amount of violent crimes in the 1950s vs. today


Help improve recall
Bringing back a memory of something you may have forgot from your childhood


Add interest
It’s tough to stay interested at times. This is the reason why I use visual aids in class to keep your attentions

Promote conciseness
Sometimes a word description would be far too much. Book uses a great example of a student who enlarged a picture of a photo taken after a hurricane in Kauai and didn’t have to describe the damage because it was beyond evident

I
mprove credibility
It goes both ways, if it works - it’s great credibility. If it doesn’t work, you lose it quickly.

Serve as evidence

Advantages & Disadvantages of Audio & Visual Support


You can’t always describe everything with your words and visual examples are needed

Therefore visual aids become very important to the public speaking process

So what are the types of visual aids and lets talk through them

Visual Representations

Objects

Media

Audio and Visual Support

Julian Treasure talks about public speaking fundamentals

Good vs bad
visual aid examples

Olympics


Africa

The Civil War
-

Jaguars
(both car and animal)
Full transcript