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Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation

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Monique Mizzi

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation

Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation
An internal state that arouses learners, steers them in particular directions, and keeps them engaged in certain activities
Extrinsic Undermines Intrinsic
Studies show that IM can promote student learning and achievement better than EM
Excessive use of EM leads to a decline in IM
However, verbal rewards can increase IM
And Extrinsic constraints can increase IM (forbidden fruit)
• Pursue an academic activity on their own initiative,
• Be cognitively engaged in the activity,
Calleja Greta
Dalli Dorianne
Jourdan Maria
Mizzi Monique
Zammit Joanna

Theme 3.3: Advantages of Intrinsic over Extrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
• Persevere in the case of failure,
• Thoroughly enjoy the activity they are doing.
Intrinsic Motivation
Exists within the individual
Driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself
Finding a task interesting or exciting
Wanting to succeed or do well
Exists outside the individual
Doing an activity in order to attain an outcome
Avoiding Punishment
Arguments in favour of
• Strive for true understanding of a subject,
• Show creativity in performance,
Definition of Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
EM Undermining IM
Arguments in favour of IM
Arguments against EM
Arguments against
Students will probably reduce or stop performing an activity altogether as soon as the extrinsic reward is removed.
• Poorer relationship
with instructors,
• Higher anxiety, stress, depression, and frustration,
• Greater prejudice and
socially dominant attitudes
• Lower levels of student life satisfaction,
• Lower self-esteem,
• Lower self-actualization,
• Less cooperative learning behavior

Rather than focusing on rewards to motivate students' learning, we should focus more on how to facilitate intrinsic motivation.
Benabou, R. & Tirole, J., 2003. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation. Review of Economic Studies.
Biehler & Snowman, 1997. Motivation. In: Psychology Applied to Teaching. s.l.:Houghton Mifflin , p. Chapter 11.
Deci, E. L., McGill, R. K. & Ryan, R. M., 2001. "Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Education: Reconsidered Once Again". Review of Educational Research, 71(1), pp. 1-27.
Ediger, M., 2001. Reading: Instrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation. ERIC.
Lei, S. A., 2010. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: Evaluating Benefits and Drawbacks from College Instructors' Perspectives. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 37(2).
Mark R. Lepper, D. G. R. N., 1973. Undermining children's intrinsic interest with extrinsic reward: A test of 'Overjustification' Hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Issue 28, pp. 129-137.
Vallerand, R. J. & Lalande, D. R., 2011. The MPIC Model: The Perspective of the Hierarichal Model on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation. Psychological Inquiry, Volume 22, pp. 45-51.
Wilson, T. & Lassiter, G., 1982. Increasing intrinsic interest with superfluous extrinsic constraints. Journal of personality and social psychology, 5(42), pp. 811-819
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