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Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation
Transcript of Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation
An internal state that arouses learners, steers them in particular directions, and keeps them engaged in certain activities
Extrinsic Undermines Intrinsic
Studies show that IM can promote student learning and achievement better than EM
Excessive use of EM leads to a decline in IM
However, verbal rewards can increase IM
And Extrinsic constraints can increase IM (forbidden fruit)
• Pursue an academic activity on their own initiative,
• Be cognitively engaged in the activity,
Theme 3.3: Advantages of Intrinsic over Extrinsic Motivation
• Persevere in the case of failure,
• Thoroughly enjoy the activity they are doing.
Exists within the individual
Driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself
Finding a task interesting or exciting
Wanting to succeed or do well
Exists outside the individual
Doing an activity in order to attain an outcome
Arguments in favour of
• Strive for true understanding of a subject,
• Show creativity in performance,
Definition of Motivation
EM Undermining IM
Arguments in favour of IM
Arguments against EM
Students will probably reduce or stop performing an activity altogether as soon as the extrinsic reward is removed.
• Poorer relationship
• Higher anxiety, stress, depression, and frustration,
• Greater prejudice and
socially dominant attitudes
• Lower levels of student life satisfaction,
• Lower self-esteem,
• Lower self-actualization,
• Less cooperative learning behavior
Rather than focusing on rewards to motivate students' learning, we should focus more on how to facilitate intrinsic motivation.
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Ediger, M., 2001. Reading: Instrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation. ERIC.
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