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Anxiety Disorders

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by

Nubia Rojas

on 25 July 2014

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Transcript of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety is a general term for several disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. These disorders affect how we feel and behave, and they can manifest real physical symptoms.

Mild anxiety is vague and unsettling, while severe anxiety can be extremely debilitating, having a serious impact on daily life.
People often experience a general state of worry or fear before confronting something challenging.

.
Anxiety is
considered a problem
when symptoms interfere with a person's ability to sleep or otherwise function. Generally speaking, anxiety occurs when a reaction is out of proportion with what might be normally expected in a situation.
What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)?
Is a chronic disorder characterized by excessive, long-lasting anxiety and worry about nonspecific life events, objects, and situations.
Anxiety Disorders
What is Anxiety?
What is Panic Disorder?
Panic Disorder is a type of anxiety characterized by brief or sudden attacks of intense terror and apprehension that leads to shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and difficulty breathing.
Panic disorders usually occur after frightening experiences or prolonged stress, but they can be spontaneous as well.
Panic attack

Recognize the Symptoms of a Panic Attack

Familiarizing yourself with panic attack symptoms can help you feel more in control while one’s happening. Once you realize you’re experiencing a panic attack and not a heart attack, allergic reaction, or some other serious ailment, you can focus on techniques for calming yourself.
A Phobia is an irrational fear and avoidance of an object or situation. Phobias are different from generalized anxiety disorders because a phobia has a fear response identified with a specific cause.
What is a Phobia?
What is Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder is a type of social phobia characterized by a fear of being negatively judged by others or a fear of public embarrassment due to impulsive actions.


What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Is an anxiety disorder characterized by thoughts or actions that are repetitive, distressing, and intrusive. OCD suffers usually know that their compulsions are unreasonable or irrational, but they serve to alleviate their anxiety.
What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is anxiety that results from previous trauma such as military combat, rape, hostage situations, or a serious accident. PTSD often leads to flashbacks and behavioral changes in order to avoid certain stimuli.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Causes
Factors Include:
Environment
Psychological
Genetic
Development
It is considered to be an anxiety disorder when these symptoms cause significant distress and interrupt daily living.
Signs and Symptoms
Inability to concentrate
Dizziness
Nausea
Shortness of breath or dry mouth
Racing pulse or possibly chest pains
Trembling, muscle tension
Symptoms Cont.
Anxiety disorders often coexist with other disorders, including;
Substance abuse
Eating disorders
Depression
Treatment
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:
Identifying the anxiety causing thoughts.
Small challenges are created to face their anxiety.
Teaches how to handle situations and control the fear.
Medication
Cannot cure anxiety but can keep them under control
Antidepressants, Anti anxiety drugs and beta blockers used.
Treatment Cont
Lifestyle Choices:
Healthy diet and exercise
Avoid Alcohol and drugs
Stop Smoking
Stress management
Join a support group
Ensure enough sleep is obtained
Participate in activities that calm the mind
How to get help?
Know and understand the symptoms.
Talk to your family doctor and explain the symptoms you have and how they affect your daily life.
Find resources within your community such as support groups.
Who is at Risk?
Anyone can develop an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorders affect 12%of the population.
1 in 4 people will be affected by anxiety in their lifetime.
If someone have a family member with an anxiety disorder, they are more likely to potentialii develop one.
Full transcript