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Transcript of Roaring 20's
The Roaring 20'sakaThe Jazz Age
Results of Prohibition
On January 16, 1920, the US became a "dry nation" (The Roaring Twenties). Under the Wilson administration, Prohibition became the 18th Amendment to the constitution. Prohibition outlawed the purchase, sell, and distribution of alcohol.Prohibition became a law because alcohol was considered a root that was crippling society.Prohibition was suggested to help the poor because they would save the money they would have spent on alcohol. Prohibition would help business owners by providing different work conditions. The workers would work better and produce more products. Prohibition would protect the youth from participating in drinking and other activities that may result in consuming alcohol (The Roaring Twenties).
Prohibition was an openly violated law. Bootlegging became a business because of the amendment. Bootlegging was the sell, creation, and distribution of alcohol. Speakeasys were created. Speakeasys were illegal bars, which served alcohol. In order to enter into a speakeasy, one would have to have the password. Prohibition was repelled in 1933.
Women went through some changes during Roaring 20's. Women's suffrage began in the 1920's with the 19th Amendment. Women were starting to finish high school and attend college. They even obtain jobs as telephone operators. Flappers were introduced during the Jazz Age. They were women, who wore revealing dresses, make-up, and a bob hair cut. These women went to Speakeasys and kissed men in public. Society was outraged by the immoral behavior of these Flapper women. Legislation was made to make sure women skirts were not more than three inches above the ankle (The Roaring Twenties).
The Harlem Renaissance is movement of African-American art, literature, music, and politics. African-Americans begin to write about how they felt about living in America. This aesthetics of the arts dismissed the stereotypes that white society had placed on blacks during this time. Some figures of the Harlem Renaissance were
Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Marcus Garvey.
The movement took place all over the US, but Harlem, NY takes the credit as being the capital of it all (Harlem Renaissance).
Marcus Garvey was the founder of the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association)
. Garvey through the UNIA developed racial pride and self rule in African-Americans during this time. He wanted to develop a New Empire of Africa where African-Americans had an independent Black economy and liberties that did not exist in the US.
Warren G. Harding1920-1923
Jazz began in Louisiana. However, it began to become the main music for nightclubs and Speakeasys. Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith, and Duke Elliginton were some prominent figures of jazz music during this time.
The Charleston is a danced that become really popular during the Jazz Age. It started in the African-American culture, and then it made its way to white culture. The Flappers dresses was performed because the jerking moment. Oxford bags were made for men to have wider pants legs, so they could do the dance (The Roaring Twenties).
During the 1920's the economy went through ups and downs. In the beginning, the economy had to adjust to not making weapons for World War I. The government had little interference, which is a laissez faire attitude.The unemployment rate under the Coolidge (1923-1929) administration did not exceed past 4%. Buying stock was a big deal during this time, and some people were buying shares on borrowed money. Henry Ford is the owner of Ford Motors. The Model T-Ford became a big success. Henry Ford sold 23 million cars by 1929 because of mass production. Ford had assembly lines working on the creation of Model T-Fords. Before this time, assembly lines has not been used. He had skilled workers only using their skill to put the Model T-Ford together. Mass production helped with price of the car. The priced dropped $500 dollars from 1924 to 1925. Most anyone could afford a Model-T (The Roaring Twenties).
Every good thing does come to an end. There became more of a gap between the lower and higher socioeconomic classes. A decrease in production began to exist towards the end of the Roaring 20's. There was also an exaggeration of stock market. There was more faith in the economy and the stock market than should have been. Americans were naive to what their habits would produce. President Hoover said, "[P]overty will be vanished from land" (The Roaring Twenties). On October 24,1929, the stock market begin to change. Prices of shares begin to drop, so low that investors had to sell shares at a loss. Then on October 29, 1929, which is known as Black Tuesday, the stock market crashed. Investors lost all their money. The Roaring Twenties has ended, and the the Great Depression was about to begin (The Roaring Twenties).
"Ain't Misbehavin'"[Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/16rj_9csbmk."Black and Tan Fantasy" [Video File]. Retrieved from "Empty Bed Blues" [Video File]. Retrieved from "Harlem Renaissance". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 23 Oct. 2012<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance>."The Charleston" [Video File]. Retrieved from "The Roaring Twenties". Just The Facts Learning Series Educational Series. Cerebellum Corporation, DVD.