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Verb patterns

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by

ana delgado

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Verb patterns

VERB PATTERNS
VERBS + GERUND
When a verb id followed by another verb, the second verb can be either a gerund or an infinitive (with or without TO)
admit, advise, can't help, can't imagine, enjoy, keep, etc
EXAMPLES
- Do you enjoy meeting new people?
- Imagine not having any friends!
- He admitted robbing the bank.
VERBS + TO INF
agree, ask, choose, hope, learn,
promise, wait, etc
EXAMPLES
- Can you afford to buy a new car?
- I decided not to go on holiday.
- When did you learn to play the guitar?
VERBS + INFINITIVE without TO
modal verbs and had better
EXAMPLES
- I must go now.
- You'd better see what she wants.
* You ought to wash your car.
VERBS + INFINITIVE/GERUND
with no change of meaning
begin, start
EXAMPLES
- It has started to rain/raining.
V + OBJECT + TO INF
advise, ask, order, tell, expect, etc
EXAMPLES
- I want you to listen.
- He didn't ask me to pay for the meal.

* LET/MAKE

- Why don't you let me explain?
- We make the students work hard.
VERBS + INF/GERUND
with change of meaning
remember, forget, try, stop, regret, like, see, hear, feel, watch,etc
REMEMBER
FORGET
REGRET
+ INFINITIVE
: look forward in time
- You must remember to fetch Peter from the station tomorrow.
- I forgot to buy the soap!
- I regret to tell you that you still have to wait.
+ GERUND
: look back at the past
- I still remember buying my first bicycle.
- I'll never forget meeting the Queen!
- I regret leaving school when I was 16; it was a mistake.
STOP
+ INFINITIVE
: Stop an action to start doing another one.
- I was jogging in the park and stopped to drink some water.
+ GERUND
: give up doing an action
- Will you please stop whistling? I'm trying to study!
TRY
+ INFINITIVE
: make an effort to do smth
- I tried to lift the box but it was too heavy.
+ GERUND
: experiment with smth to see if it has the expected result.
- If you have a headache, try taking an aspirin.
GO ON
+ INFINITIVE:
implies a change of activity
- She stopped talking about that and went on to describe her problems.
+ GERUND
: = continue
- She went on talking about her problems.
LIKE, DISLIKE, LOVE, HATE, PREFER
+ Gerund
SEE
FEEL
HEAR
WATCH
+INFINITIVE without TO
: We see, feel, hear, watch the complete action.
- I saw him play at the concert. It was amazing!
+ GERUND
: We see, feel, hear, watch part of the action
- When I woke up I could hear the birds singing.
VERBS + INF/GERUND
with no change of meaning
begin, start
VERB PATTERNS
V+ GERUND
V+ INF
with TO
V+ INF
without TO
V+INF/GER
- with no change of meaning
- with change of meaning
V + OBJECT+
TO INF
USE OF GERUNDS

- As nouns => Smoking is bad for your health.
- After prepositions => He is interested in learning everything about computers.
- After certain verbs => I can't help biting my nails.

USE OF INFINITIVES

1) After nouns => Will you have time to do the shopping?
2) After adjectives => It's difficult to learn to play the violin.
3) After compounds of some, any, no and where => I'm bored. I don't have anything to do.
4) After question words => I don't know what to buy Jean for her birthday.
5) After certain verbs => Do you want to come to the cinema with us?

- She likes dancing.
- I hate getting up early in the morning.
WOULD LIKE,DISLIKE, etc

+ TO Infinitive
- Would you like to dance?
- I would hate working indoors. Thank goodness, I work in an office.
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