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Coordinating Conjunctions

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Cigdem Catmali

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions
Phrase to Phrase

I cleaned the kitchen and washed the dishes.
Sentence to Sentence

I love to surf. I go to the beach every weekend.

simple sentence simple sentence

I love to surf, and I go to the beach every weekend. (additional information)

I met Jonathan, and we went out for a cup of coffee. (and =then, the second part after the first part) )

The plumber came to repair the sink, and the electrician came to repair the light. ( similar information)

Note: When combining two sentences, always use a comma
before the coordinating conjunction.

And: shows additional information
or similar information

Used to join two words, phrases etc referring to things that are related in some way

Word to Word

Joining two words

I like tea and coffee. ( noun+noun)
I like apples and bananas. (noun+noun)
Most children like cookies and milk.
I like to read and write. (verb+verb)
My father is tall and handsome. (adj+adj)
I am tired and hungry. ( adj+adj)

: When using a coordinating conjunction to connect two items, do not use a comma.

Joining two or more words

Most children like peanuts, cookies, and milk.
He drinks beer, whisky, wine, and rum.
She is cooking chicken, potatoes, corn, and carrot.

When "and" is used with the last word of a list, a comma is optional:

He drinks beer, whisky, wine, and rum.
He drinks beer, whisky, wine and rum.

A coordinating conjunctions are words which join
phrases ( group of words)
The most common coordinating conjunctions are and, but, so and or.
phrase (group of words)
phrase (group of words )
My boyfriend plays guitar and writes songs.
Last night, I cooked dinner and made a cake.
He walked into the room and sat down at the table
I wake up at 6:00 a.m, take a shower, and have breakfast.

connects two words, phrases or sentences when the second one
adds something surprising after the first one
add a contrast

Word to Word

The dress is plain but pretty. (
He drives fast but carefully.
My shoes look great but are not very comfortable.

Sentence to Sentence
My husband likes tea, but I like coffee.
My grandmother is 83, but she still goes swimming every day.
My daughter is a very intelligent girl, but she is very lazy. ( adds something surprising)
My husband wants to go to the movies, but I want to go to the museum.
I love fruit, but I am allergic to strawberries.
My car is old, but it’s very reliable.
I had a terrible cold last week, but I still went to work.

When combining two sentences, always use a comma
before the coordinating conjunction.

( adverb+adverb)
( add a contrast)
( adds something surprising )
So: shows result
I want to work as an interpreter in the future, so I am studying Russian at university.

I do not feel well, so I will call the doctor

I was hungry, so I made myself a sandwich.

I watched TV last night, so I did not finish my homework.

I did not feel well, so I called the doctor.

introduces another possibility or choice

Word to word

You can have tea or coffee.
You can have ham, cheese, or tuna.

Phrases to Phrase

I have a day off next week. I will go to the movies or stay at home. (phrase+phrase)

Sentence to Sentence

We do not have enough food for tonight. We can go out to eat, or we can order a pizza. ( sentence+sentence)

Please watch !!

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