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Coordinating Conjunctions

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Cigdem Catmali

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions
Phrase to Phrase

I cleaned the kitchen and washed the dishes.
Sentence to Sentence

I love to surf. I go to the beach every weekend.



simple sentence simple sentence


I love to surf, and I go to the beach every weekend. (additional information)


I met Jonathan, and we went out for a cup of coffee. (and =then, the second part after the first part) )


The plumber came to repair the sink, and the electrician came to repair the light. ( similar information)


Note: When combining two sentences, always use a comma
before the coordinating conjunction.




FANBOYS
AND
And: shows additional information
or similar information

Used to join two words, phrases etc referring to things that are related in some way

Word to Word

Joining two words

I like tea and coffee. ( noun+noun)
I like apples and bananas. (noun+noun)
Most children like cookies and milk.
I like to read and write. (verb+verb)
My father is tall and handsome. (adj+adj)
I am tired and hungry. ( adj+adj)

NOTE
: When using a coordinating conjunction to connect two items, do not use a comma.

Joining two or more words

Most children like peanuts, cookies, and milk.
He drinks beer, whisky, wine, and rum.
She is cooking chicken, potatoes, corn, and carrot.


NOTE:
When "and" is used with the last word of a list, a comma is optional:

He drinks beer, whisky, wine, and rum.
He drinks beer, whisky, wine and rum.



A coordinating conjunctions are words which join
words
phrases ( group of words)
sentences
The most common coordinating conjunctions are and, but, so and or.
phrase (group of words)
phrase (group of words )
My boyfriend plays guitar and writes songs.
Last night, I cooked dinner and made a cake.
He walked into the room and sat down at the table
I wake up at 6:00 a.m, take a shower, and have breakfast.
BUT

connects two words, phrases or sentences when the second one
adds something surprising after the first one
add a contrast
Examples:

Word to Word

The dress is plain but pretty. (
He drives fast but carefully.
My shoes look great but are not very comfortable.


Sentence to Sentence
My husband likes tea, but I like coffee.
My grandmother is 83, but she still goes swimming every day.
My daughter is a very intelligent girl, but she is very lazy. ( adds something surprising)
My husband wants to go to the movies, but I want to go to the museum.
I love fruit, but I am allergic to strawberries.
My car is old, but it’s very reliable.
I had a terrible cold last week, but I still went to work.


Note:
When combining two sentences, always use a comma
before the coordinating conjunction.









adj+adj)
( adverb+adverb)
(adj+adj)
( add a contrast)
( adds something surprising )
So: shows result
I want to work as an interpreter in the future, so I am studying Russian at university.


I do not feel well, so I will call the doctor


I was hungry, so I made myself a sandwich.



I watched TV last night, so I did not finish my homework.


I did not feel well, so I called the doctor.





result
Or:
introduces another possibility or choice


Word to word

You can have tea or coffee.
(noun+noun)
You can have ham, cheese, or tuna.
(noun+noun)

Phrases to Phrase

I have a day off next week. I will go to the movies or stay at home. (phrase+phrase)

Sentence to Sentence

We do not have enough food for tonight. We can go out to eat, or we can order a pizza. ( sentence+sentence)







Please watch !!

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