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Little Rock Nine
Transcript of Little Rock Nine
Carlotta Walls, the youngest of the group, returned to graduate at Central High School after it reopened.
The rest of the members of Little Rock Nine did not returned to the high school after it closed.
Three years after the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that "separate was not equal," (This meant the segregation in the schools should NOT be allowed.) 9 African American students attempted to join the previously all white school, Central High School, located in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Recruited by Daisy Bates, the president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Minnijean Brown, Terrance Roberts, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Padillo, Gloria Ray, Jefferson Thomas, and Carlotta Walls, volunteered to aid with this movement and enter Central High School (an all white school).
Did you Know?
Martin Luther wrote to President Eisenhower for a solution to allow students attend an all white school.
He was the first black student
to graduate from Central High.
Martin Luther attended his graduation
She was expelled after calling one of her
tormentors "white trash."
Thelma got her diploma by mail.
September 23rd and 25th
Two days later, the Little Rock Nine were under protection from federal troops (under the order of Dwight Einsenhower) in order to enter Central High School through the front door.
White protestors verbally criticize students and physically harm black reporters, like throwing bricks, who talk about the event. This was seen all over the world.
On September 23, the Little Rock police officers and 1,000 protestors surrounded the school to prevent the black students from coming
From top to bottom: Cloria Ray, Terrance Roberts, Melba Patillo, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Minnijean Brown, Jefferson THomas, Carlotta Walls, and Thelma Mothershed.
Central High School located in Little Rock, Arkansas
Flaws with the Plan
The original plan of the Little Rock Nine was to have all 9 members meet together as they entered the school, but then would have been blocked by the National Guards ordered to prevent the Little Rock Nine from entering the school.
A different location was set the night before, but since Eckford's family did not have a phone, the information was not passed onto Eckford, causing her to enter the school ALONE that morning.
The plan had been unsuccessful due to the National Guards preventing any Little Rock Nine members entering the school.
Eckford fighting her way through a crowd of angry protestors
National Guard soldiers preventing the Little Rock Nine from entering the high school.
Did you know?
President Eisenhower called 1,200 members of the U.S. Army's 101st Airborne Division-the "Screaming Eagles" after calling mob actions' "disgraceful".
This picture shows that the "screaming Eagles" were supposed to protect the students from violent protestors
"...Set the progress of integration back 50 years. This is a great opportunity for you and the federal government to back up the longings and aspirations of million of people of good will and make law and order a reality." -Martin Luther King Jr.; September 9, 1957
A quote from Martin Luther King JR.
How does this affect us Today?
This video shows how so much has changed from the times back then, where it was alright to physically harm and give threats on African-Americans. They are treated with more respect after more civil rights movements and about thinking twice for judging people by their race.
This country has been changed forever by the "Crisis at Central High," one of the first federally requested integration act.
Central High School Natural Site, or Little Rock High School, is a national icon for the most violent struggle for school desegregation.
Fabus closed all high schools in Arkansas, making African-American students go out-of-state schools or correspondence courses.(letters given by the school to educate)
However, the school board reopened schools in fall of 1959, and four of the nine students came back protected by local police. With the African-American students coming back, there was a lot of violence, like a bombing in a student's house.
Thanks for watching
"2, 4, 6, 8, we don't want to integrate!"
This chant was one used by the angry protestors who didn't like the idea of desegregation of schools