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Transcript of Art Nouveau
From the 1880s until the First World War, western Europe and the United States witnessed the development of Art Nouveau ("New Art"). Taking inspiration from the unruly aspects of the natural world.
Unlike most furniture, Art Nouveau was produced in factories by normal manufacturing techniques, which led to tensions with Arts and Crafts figures in England.
Art Nouveau originated in London and was variously called
Jugendstil in Germany,
Sezessionstil in Austria,
Modernismo in Spain.
The style was most popular in Europe, but influence was global. Other local names were associated with the characteristics of it forms. Before the term art nouveau becames common there was many names for it from, new art, moderisme, young art and also lily style but all of their refer specifically to the organic forms that were popular with the art nouveau.
Art Nouveau is considered a "total" art style, embracing architecture, graphic art, interior design, and most of the decorative arts. Art Nouvearu didn't just make furniture, they made many other things. They started with furniture and further worked there way in to making jewelery, textiles, household silver ware, fabrics, ceramics, tableware,cigarette cases and many more. Artists desired to combine the fine arts and applied arts to Art nouveau.
Today's Art Nouveau
Art nouvearu is still made today even though it died after the first world war. Art Nouveau is now made with a modern twist on it. The curves and architecture details are still there, but with more modernized detail and material.
Louis Comfort Tiffany
Line: Art Nouveau is characterized by graceful, sinuous lines. The lines are rarely angular. Rhythmic patterns of curved lines make the characteristics of the art. Visual characteristics of the Art Nouveau style are flat, decorative patterns, intertwined plant like forms.
Design: You'll find plenty of flowers, leaves, vines, grass, seaweed, insects and other organic images in Art Nouveau jewelry, hardware, windows and architecture.
Others conventionalized natural forms, creating abstract curve patterns, such as the whiplash curve , or geometric linear design . Also the fusion of human, animal forms are put int o there art in different ways.
Exotic woods(for bending)Examples: mahogany, red oak, walnut and ect..
Art Nouveau artist of United States
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Art Nouveau artist of Britain
• Asymmetrical shapes
• Extensive use of arches and curved forms
• Curved glass
• Curving, plant-like embellishments
• Stained glass
• Japanese flower
The late 20th century saw a revival of interest in his work and the manufacture of reproductions of his chairs and settees , which were characterized by simple geometric lines, which was further known as"Art Nouveau".
Victor Horta and Henry van de Velde
Art Nouveau artists Belgium and France
These Belgian and France designers thought to create a new style, They utilized standard wrought-iron and cast-iron technology, but employed it to create distinctly new forms.
Antoni Gaudí y Cornet
Art Nouveau artist of Spain
It also tended to be expensive, they apply a fine finish usually polished or varnished. Art Nouveau designs were usually very complex, with
like curved shapes that were expensive to make.The style was named for Siegfried Bing's Maison de l'Art Nouveau gallery and shop in Paris, which opened in 1895.In France and Belgium furniture designers took up the style with more enthusiasm than those of most countries.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928), Scottish architect, furniture designer and artist. Functional style exerted a strong influence on 20th-century architecture and interior design. Considered Britain's first designer of true Art Nouveau architecture.
Victor Horta (1861-1947), Belgian architect, one of the pioneers and leading practitioners of art nouveau architecture.
Henry Clemens van de Velde (1863-1957), Belgian architect and designer, who was one of the most successful and important practitioners of the art nouveau style.
Antoni Gaudí y Cornet (1852-1926), Spanish architect, one of the most creative practitioners of his art in modern times
Gaudi created on of the most eccentric works in the Templo expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia (church of Holy Family, he started it in 1883).His style is often described as a blend of neo-Gothic and art nouveau, but it also has surrealist and cubist elements.
Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933). Tiffany was born in New York City. He became a painter and designer of decorative-glass art objects in the art nouveau style. Tiffany was born in New York City
Louis Comfort Tiffanys glassware probably was best known in America. He was a art nouveau artist. Using his patented glass Louis designed, stained glass windows, lamps, and a variety of other glass objects. The intense color, organic forms and innovative techniques put in his design positioned Louis as a leader of the american art nouveau.
Art work of Henry Clemens van de Velde
And Victor Horta
They did a lot of railing for stair cases, high end cast iron things for higher end places and also things for out side like the metropolitian.
Maison de l'Art
Seigfried Bing called his gallery Maison Bing, but lots of poeple known its as it s true name The Maison de LArt Nouveau or LArt Nouveau for abbreviation. This gallery opend on 26 of decmber in 1985 at 22 rue de provence, Paris.
The gallery specialized in modern art. The original exhibition featured windows designed by Nabi artists, including Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and made by Louis Comfort Tiffany.
These decorative displays became associated strongly with an artistic style that was becoming popular across Europe, and for which his gallery subsequently provided a name: Art Nouveau. It also started to get popular around spian, Belgam, France, Birtian and also later one United States.
Siegfried Bing was the founder of La maison de Lart Nouveau in 1895 in paris. Was later called Samuel Bing. It was his art gallery and exhibition hall that have its name to the famous artisitc style of Art Nouveau.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh chairs were either very silm and tall or short and plump . His chair deign was used with very straight lines.
Thank you for your time!