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north korea

Mengshu Zhan

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of presentation

Mengshu Zhan
0070093188 The diplomacy of nuclear proliferation:
North Korea Nuclear Programme timeline Situation Motivation Impact December 12th 2012 October 9th 2006 Under the help of the Soviet Union,
North Korea created the Yongbyon atomic
energy research base and trained a large
number of nuclear technology talents In the mid-1960s December 1974 North Korea joined the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 1985 North Korea joined the
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) 1993 North Korea announced for the first time to withdraw from the NPT in 12th March 1993

UN Security Council approved NO. 825 Resolution condemned South Korea in
11th May 1993 January 10th 2003 North Korean government issued
a statement declaring quit the NPT again;
the North Korean nuclear crisis broke out August 27th 2003 The first Six-party Talks began
in Beijing North Korea announced for
the first time the success
of underground nuclear test March 19th 2007 the sixth round of the
Six-party Talks took
in Beijing April 5th 2009 North Korea announced that the launch of the
"light star 2" experimental communications
satellite was successful June 12th 2009 the UN Security Council approved NO. 1718 Resolution ,
will sanction to North Korea
require North Korea to stop any further nuclear test or launching ballistic missiles
rejoined in the NPT May 25th 2009 North Korea announced that the second
underground nuclear test was successful December 30th 2011 North Korean leader Kim Jong Il died of illness,
Kim Jong-un took over supreme power North Korea the launch of the "light star 3" satellite was successful 1.To increase diplomatic influence and
to have more leverage in the world

2.Domestic Political Factors

3.Exchange for food and other aids

4.Counterbalance the power of
Japan and South Korea Situation
and Solution Reason Impact Diplomatic Policy 1.National security

2.Economic interests

3.Geostrategic interests 1.Military conflict would bring thousands
of North Korean refugees across the border into China

2.China needs a peaceful regional
environment to develop economy

3.China needs North Korea as a “buffer state”between US troops because there are U.S. troops stationing in South Korea

1.North Korean nuclear weapons
cannot be tolerated

2.North Korean nuclear crisis should be resolved by peaceful means

3.Keep stable in Korean peninsula

4. Hold Six-party Talks Introduction 1.Name: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
2.National ideology: Socialist country
3.Capital: Pyongyang
4.Population: 24,051,218 (2011)
5.Land area: 120,540 square kilometers
6.GDP Total: $ 32.7 billion (2011)
7.Per capita GDP: 1800 $ (2011) 9.19 Joint Statement 2.13 Joint Document 1 2 3 The fourth round of Six-party Talks The fifth round
of Six-party Talks Second-Phase Actions for the Implementation
of the Joint Statement Development of
Six-party Talks 1.On Denuclearization of the Korean
2.On Normalization of Relations between
Relevant Countries
3.On Economic and Energy Assistance
to the North Korea
4.On the Six-Party Ministerial Meeting 1.China insists in restart six-party talks

2.The main problem is that the US want to North Korea agree abandon nuclear weapons treaty first, but North Korea want to the US agree nonaggression treaty first

3.North Korea withdrew Six-party Talks
against the United Nations declaration in April 23th 2009 The sixth round
of Six-party Talks 1. China maintains that the UN Security Council's reaction should be prudent and moderate. China voted
in favor on the resolution.

2.As an important participant in the resolution, the United States gave positive comments on the resolution.

3.North Korea reacts angrily to UN Resolution 2087,they no longer talk on the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and buildup military and nuclear capability Solution There is no easy solution for this
difficult problem.But,
1.Tougher sanction from UN

2.Six-party Talks, China’s special role

3.Bilateral negotiation, especially
between the US and North Korea 4 1.North Korea get more attention
from international community
and increase influence on diplomacy

2.North Korea faces further isolation
in the world

3.The democratic economy in North
Korea is getting worse and worse Reaction of the United Nations Security
Council approved NO. 2087 Resolution October 14th 2006 the UN Security Council made NO. 1874
Resolution to
require North Korea to stop nuclear
test or launch ballistic missile
freeze the relevant organizations and
the personal assets
embargo on related military material
in North Korea January 22th 2013 UN Security Council made NO. 2087 Resolution
condemned the North Korea launched satellite in December 2012
extended the sanctions list
demanded North Korea stop ballistic missile program activities, nuclear tests and further provocations
use diplomatic and political means to solve the problem, called for the resumption of the Six-party talks. 1. Council on Foreign RelationsThe Six-Party Talks on North Korea's Nuclear Program http://www.cfr.org/proliferation/six-party-talks-north-koreas-nuclear-program/p13593
2. Emma, C and Sharon, S (2006) North Korea’s Nuclear Test: Motivations, Implications, and U.S. Options Washington: CRS Issue Brief for Congress
3. Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses North Korean Nuclear Crises: Challenges and Options for China
4. Larry, A (2003) North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Program, Washington: CRS Issue Brief for Congress
5. NK News Org North Korea Threatens To Build Up “Nuclear Deterrence”
6. Rajaram, P (2010) “North Korea's Nuclear Issue: Security Implications for Asia”, Journal of Defence Studies4:95-115
7. Phillip, C (2003) “Responses to a Nuclear North Korea”, KNDU Review8:47-76
8. United Nations Security Council Security Council Condemns Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s Satellite Launch as Breach of Resolutions Barring Country’s Use of Ballistic Missile Technology
9. The Dilenschneider Group, Inc.(2006) 23 October Reference
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