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Buddhism

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jessica fuller

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of Buddhism

What is Buddhism?
When and How Buddhism came to be
3rd Century B.C.E.
In the 3rd century B.C.E., Buddhism was nearing its 300th known year. Many records do not go farther than this.
Buddhism was officially established in modern day Sri Lanka by son of the Indian Emperor Ashoka, Mahinda. By this time, the reign of Ashoka was at a national level for the first time. He was quite an influential person.
As read before, many people were escaping towns and villages to explore themselves and try to begin to understand the world.
Ashoka was one of these people. Many followed his lead and converted to Buddhism when he did. This is a big part of Buddhist globalization.
230-207 B.C.E. Ashoka
So how was Buddhism
originally
practiced?
Buddhism was originally practiced only with meditation, prayer and reading. As well as understanding Buddhist scriptures. As known around the world, meditation is still one of the biggest parts of the religion.
Another is to pray and do all that is possible to reach Nirvana, the state of Enlightenment. It is knowing and accepting the four truths and a concentrated mind in meditation. Guatama taught all these things to willing pupils, as no one was
forced
to practice Buddhism.
Buddhism was founded by Buddha Siddhartha Guatama in the 6th century B.C.E.
The Buddha founded Buddhism when he went off to seek for enlightenment and the 'middle path'; the path between an easy and a difficult life.
Buddhism was originally practiced in India but quickly spread to China and many other parts of southeast Asia.
Ashoka Maurya is India's royal patron of Buddhism, the first monarch to rule over a united India and the founder of the Maurya Dynasty.
He later converted to Buddhism.
Abolished wars, restricted hunting or killing, built hospitals, engraved his Edicts on rocks throughout empire, setting up moral precepts of Buddhism
Ashoka sent his children Mahinda and Sanghamitta to Sri Lanka to convert the ruler and his people to Buddhism.
Although Buddhism wasn't accepted by Westerns in his time he was a great influence over the religion.
http://video.about.com/buddhism/What-Is-Buddhism-.htm
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/history/earlybuds.htm
http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Buddhism.htm
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Buddhism?s=t
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/
http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Buddhism.htm
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/to-west.htm
http://info-buddhism.com/Ever-Changing_Forms_of_Buddhism_Blumenthal.html
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/5minbud.htm

Buddhism
A religion originated in India by Buddha (Gautama). It later spread to China, Burma, Japan, Tibet, and southeast Asia. Its philosophy is that life is full of suffering caused by desire and the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.

Buddhism is a path of practice and spiritual development leading to insight into the true nature of reality. It is a non theistic religion, meaning they do not worship a god.
Sources



Guidelines:
How was Buddhism originally practiced
Key beliefs from originally scriptures
Major turning points
How the practices changed
Key decisions made by followers/leaders
What were the consequences of change?
Today's Buddhism
Would Buddha Siddhartha Gautama (the founder) or recognize today's Buddhism?

The first Buddah, Guatama, taught the First Wheel Of Dhamma. These teachings included the Four Noble Truths, which were considered the basis for all Buddha teachings. The Four Noble Truths are
-The truth of suffering
-The truth of the cause of suffering
-The truth of the end of suffering
-The truth of the path leading to the end of suffering.
These Four Noble Truths were a way to explain life and reasons behind what happens and why it happens for many Buddhists back then, and even many today.
http://video.about.com/buddhism/What-Is-Buddhism-.htm
Buddhism Today
Buddhism has grown and developed throughout the West and unlike the last 50 years Buddhism wasn't generally known in the West.
Buddhism was spread mostly by Western scholars, the work of philosophers, writers and artists, and Asian immigrants. They brought different forms of Buddhism with them to Europe, North America and Australia.
Today it is believed that there are about 488-535 million Buddhist followers that is 6% of the world's population.
The Basis
How has the practices changed?
Borobudur Temple in Magelang Regency, Indonesia
Buddhism is a religion that has the ability to adapt/blend in with the cultures in different parts of the world. It's a religion that can be easily molded into something more satisfactory.
When Buddhism was adopted in many places, it had mixed in with the native religions/practices demonstrated by the indigenous people (i.e. Japan- Zen Buddhism, Tibet- Tibetan Buddhism). This is how Buddhism varies according to location.
Many of the practices changed when it spread to the West. This can be seen as a consequence that altered some of the religion's originality and Siddhartha Gautama's intentions in founding Buddhism.
The consequences of change
Would Siddhartha Gautama (the founder) recognize Buddhism today?
Buddhism originated in India and yet only 1% of India's population follows Buddhism today.
Although its outward appearance may look familiar, many things have changed since 6th century B.C.E.
It has been 2,500 years and as was shown in this presentation, practices have been added/modified/or deemed obsolete entirely ever since.
3rd Century C.E.
The first Buddhist school, or temple, was established by two Buddhist priests, Asanga and his brother Vasubandhu. At this time, many scripts that were originally in Pali, and Indian languages, were translated to Chinese. Buddhism was beginning to spread to Korea.
13th Century C.E.
By now, Buddhism had spread to most of Asia, but mainly Japan. Temples were popping up in Japan, Mongolia, Laos and Persia. Scripts were being translated into Arabic. Buddhism was spreading very quickly.
Institutions and Practices
The most devout followers of the Buddha were organized into the monastic sangha. Its members were identified by their shaved heads and robes made of orange cloth.
Monks
and
Nuns
Meditation
Zen Buddhism
Lay Worship
"
Lay worship in Buddhism is primarily individual rather than congregational. Since earliest times a common expression of faith for laity and members of the sangha alike has been taking the Three Refuges, that is, reciting the formula
'I take refuge in the Buddha. I take refuge in the dharma. I take refuge in the sangha.' "
Needs more information from this website>>> http://info-buddhism.com/Ever-Changing_Forms_of_Buddhism_Blumenthal.html
By Jessica Fuller, Trinity Thomas, Peter McColgan and Hannah Cho

We still don't know if western Buddhism is secular or religious.
Many people argue that Buddhism has lost its quality in its quantity.
It has become more of a "hippie" fad than a serious religion.
It's not all about enlightenment any more. More about solving a mystery instead of bettering yourself.
Experiencing the ultimate experience and then that's it.
Mental Development?!?!
Imbalanced Interest
Crash Course video
https://www.khanacademy.org/partner-content/crash-course1/crash-course-world-history/so-thats-where-that-comes-from/v/crash-course-world-history-06
To many, Buddhism goes beyond religion and is more of a philosophy or 'way of life'. It is a philosophy because philosophy 'means love of wisdom' and the Buddhist path can be summed up as:
(1) to lead a moral life,
(2) to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and
(3) to develop wisdom and understanding.
Jessica: 3, 4, 5, 11, 12

Peter: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Trinity: 1, 2, 13, 14, 15, 17

Hannah: 16, 18, 19, 20, 21

Modern Buddhism at its finest
Buddhist Scriptures
Inspires peace and harmony
Ashoka Maurya
Map of Buddhist Populations in the East
The Great Buddha in Bihar, India
Buddhism has lost some of its main teachings
Zen Buddhism- Zen tends to be highly critical of many uses of analytic and discursive thought in pursuit of the non-conceptual wisdom that the Buddha realized.
Tibet- Bonpo-like shamanistic tendencies in Tibetan forms of Buddhism, including the use of oracles, weather manipulators, divinations, etc., the “clothes” Buddhism has worn in its manifold cultural manifestations to maximize its effectiveness in new einvironments are fascinating and inspiring.
Full transcript