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Art History Time Line
Transcript of Art History Time Line
Cave painting, fertility goddesses and megalithic structures:
Lascaux Cave Painting
Woman of Willendorf
Ice Age ends (10,000 b.c.–8,000 b.c.)
New Stone Age and first permanent settlements (8000 b.c.–2500 b.c.) Egyptian (3100 b.c.–30 b.c.) Art with an afterlife focus:
Tomb paintings, furniture and jewellery.
Bust of Nefertiti
Upper/Lower Egypt unite (3100 b.c.)
Rameses II (1274 b.c.)
Cleopatra dies (30 b.c.) Greek and Hellenistic (850 b.c.–31 b.c.)
Greek idealism: balance, perfect proportions;
Architectural orders(Doric, Ionic, Corinthian)
Athens defeats Persia at Marathon (490 b.c.)
Peloponnesian Wars (431 b.c.–404 b.c.)
Alexander the Great's conquests (336 b.c.–323 b.c.) This sculpture is named Discobolus and was sculpted by an Athenian sculptor named Myron. This sculpture also shows how highly Athenians valued quality and strived for excellence in everything they did. Roman (500 b.c.– a.d. 476)
Roman realism: practical and down to earth
The arch - aqueducts, the dome...
Julius Caesar assassinated (44 b.c.)
Augustus proclaimed Emperor (27 b.c.)
Diocletian splits Empire (a.d. 292)
Rome falls (a.d. 476) Indian, Chinese, and Japanese(653 b.c.–a.d. 1900)
Serene, meditative art, and Arts of the Floating World
Pottery - kilns, glaze...100 B.C...
Birth of Buddha (563 b.c.)
Silk Road opens (1st century b.c.) - trade
Buddhism spreads to China (1st–2nd centuries a.d.) and Japan (5th century a.d.)
Architecture Byzantine and Islamic (a.d. 476–a.d.1453)
Islamic architecture - Hagia Sophia
Mosque of Córdoba
Birth of Islam (a.d. 610)
Muslim Conquests (a.d. 632–a.d. 732) Middle Ages (500–1400)
Notre Dame - Flying Buttress
Giotto - perspective
Viking Raids (793–1066)
Battle of Hastings (1066)
Crusades I–IV (1095–1204)
Black Death (1347–1351) Early and High Renaissance (1400–1550)
Rebirth of classical culture
Gutenberg invents movable type (1447); Turks conquer Constantinople (1453); Columbus lands in New World (1492); Martin Luther starts Reformation (1517) Mannerism (1527–1580)
Art that breaks the rules; artifice over nature
Magellan circumnavigates the globe (1520–1522) Baroque (1600–1750)
Splendor and flourish for God - art as a weapon in the religious wars.
Palace of Versailles
Thirty Years' War between Catholics and Protestants (1618–1648) Neoclassical (1750–1850)
Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur
Enlightenment (18th century); Industrial Revolution (1760–1850) Romanticism (1780–1850)
The triumph of imagination and individuality.
American Revolution (1775–1783);
French Revolution (1789–1799);
Napoleon crowned emperor of France (1803) Realism (1848–1900)
Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting.
European democratic revolutions of 1848 Corot Courbet Courbet Daumier Daumier Caspar Friedrich Caspar Friedrich Delacroix Delacroix Turner Impressionism (1865–1885) Capturing fleeting effects of natural light.
Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871); Unification of Germany (1871) Monet Monet Monet Pissarro Monet Pissarro Mary Cassatt Post-Impressionism (1885–1910)
A soft revolt against Impressionism
Japan defeats Russia (1905) Degas Degas Degas Van Gogh, Van Gogh, Van Gogh, Gauguin Cézanne Fauvism and Expressionism (1900–1935]
Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting form
Boxer Rebellion in China (1900); World War 1 (1914–1918) Morisot Matisse Matisse Matisse Kirchner Kirchner Matisse Kirchner Kandinsky Kandinsky Kandinsky Kandinsky Kandinsky Franz Marc Franz Marc Franz Marc Franz Marc Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl (1905–1920)
Pre and Post World War 1 art experiments: new forms to express modern life.
Russian Revolution (1917);
American women franchised (1920) Picasso Picasso Picasso Pablo Picasso Picasso Georges Braque Georges Braque Georges Braque Picasso Picasso Seurat Franz Marc Leger Leger Leger Malevich Boccioni Boccioni Dada and Surrealism (1917–1950)
'Ridiculous art'; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious.
Disillusionment after World War I; The Great Depression (1929–1938); World War II (1939–1945) and Nazi horrors; atomic bombs dropped on Japan (1945) Duchamp Duchamp Duchamp Duchamp Dali Dali Dali Dali Dali Magritte Magritte Ernst Ernst de Chirico de Chirico de Chirico Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s)
Pop Art (1960s)
Post–World War II: pure abstraction and expression without form; popular art absorbs consumerism.
Cold War and Vietnam War (U.S. enters 1965) U.S.S.R. suppresses Hungarian revolt (1956) Gorky Gorky Gorky Pollock Pollock Poillock Pollock de Kooning de Kooning de Kooning Warhol Rothko Rothko
Warhol Warhol Warhol Warhol Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Postmodernism and Deconstructivism (1970– )
Art without a center and reworking and mixing past styles
Zaha Hadid ... and more
Nuclear freeze movement;
Cold War fizzles;
Communism collapses in Eastern Europe and U.S.S.R. (1989–1991) Gerhard Richter Gerhard Richter Gerhard Richter Cindy Sherman Cindy Sherman Cindy Sherman Anselm Kiefer Anselm Kiefer Anselm Kiefer Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Jeff Koons Jeff Koons Jeff Koons Jill Orr Jill Orr Jill Orr Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Tim Storrier Tim Storrier Tim Storrier Banksy Banksy Banksy Art Time Line