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Art History Time Line

Studying art history starts with taking a look at the timeline of major art periods, artists, artworks and events that defined these art movements and the evolution of art over time.
by

kate kate

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Art History Time Line

Stone Age (30,000 b.c.–2500 b.c.)
Cave painting, fertility goddesses and megalithic structures:

Lascaux Cave Painting
Woman of Willendorf
Stonehenge

Ice Age ends (10,000 b.c.–8,000 b.c.)
New Stone Age and first permanent settlements (8000 b.c.–2500 b.c.) Egyptian (3100 b.c.–30 b.c.) Art with an afterlife focus:

Tomb paintings, furniture and jewellery.
Pharaohs
Pyramids
Bust of Nefertiti
Tutankhamen

Upper/Lower Egypt unite (3100 b.c.)
Rameses II (1274 b.c.)
Cleopatra dies (30 b.c.) Greek and Hellenistic (850 b.c.–31 b.c.)
Greek idealism: balance, perfect proportions;

Architectural orders(Doric, Ionic, Corinthian)
Parthenon
Myron

Athens defeats Persia at Marathon (490 b.c.)
Peloponnesian Wars (431 b.c.–404 b.c.)
Alexander the Great's conquests (336 b.c.–323 b.c.) This sculpture is named Discobolus and was sculpted by an Athenian sculptor named Myron. This sculpture also shows how highly Athenians valued quality and strived for excellence in everything they did. Roman (500 b.c.– a.d. 476)
Roman realism: practical and down to earth

The arch - aqueducts, the dome...
The Colosseum
Trajan's Column
Pantheon
Mosiac floors

Julius Caesar assassinated (44 b.c.)
Augustus proclaimed Emperor (27 b.c.)
Diocletian splits Empire (a.d. 292)
Rome falls (a.d. 476) Indian, Chinese, and Japanese(653 b.c.–a.d. 1900)
Serene, meditative art, and Arts of the Floating World

Pottery - kilns, glaze...100 B.C...
Birth of Buddha (563 b.c.)
Silk Road opens (1st century b.c.) - trade
Buddhism spreads to China (1st–2nd centuries a.d.) and Japan (5th century a.d.)
Printmaking
Landscape painting
Sculpture
Architecture Byzantine and Islamic (a.d. 476–a.d.1453)
Heavenly Byzantine

Mosaics
Islamic architecture - Hagia Sophia
Mosque of Córdoba

Birth of Islam (a.d. 610)
Muslim Conquests (a.d. 632–a.d. 732) Middle Ages (500–1400)

Celtic art
Proto Renaissance
Gothic
Durham Cathedral
Notre Dame - Flying Buttress
Giotto - perspective

Viking Raids (793–1066)
Battle of Hastings (1066)
Crusades I–IV (1095–1204)
Black Death (1347–1351) Early and High Renaissance (1400–1550)

Rebirth of classical culture

Brunelleschi
Donatello
Botticelli
Leonardo
Michelangelo
Raphael

Gutenberg invents movable type (1447); Turks conquer Constantinople (1453); Columbus lands in New World (1492); Martin Luther starts Reformation (1517) Mannerism (1527–1580)
Art that breaks the rules; artifice over nature

Tintoretto,
El Greco,
Cellini

Magellan circumnavigates the globe (1520–1522) Baroque (1600–1750)
Splendor and flourish for God - art as a weapon in the religious wars.

Reubens
Rembrandt
Caravaggio

Palace of Versailles
Thirty Years' War between Catholics and Protestants (1618–1648) Neoclassical (1750–1850)

Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur

David
Ingres
Greuze
Canova

Enlightenment (18th century); Industrial Revolution (1760–1850) Romanticism (1780–1850)

The triumph of imagination and individuality.

Caspar Friedrich,
Gericault,
Delacroix,
Turner,
Benjamin West

American Revolution (1775–1783);
French Revolution (1789–1799);
Napoleon crowned emperor of France (1803) Realism (1848–1900)

Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting.

Corot,
Courbet,
Daumier,
Millet

European democratic revolutions of 1848 Corot Courbet Courbet Daumier Daumier Caspar Friedrich Caspar Friedrich Delacroix Delacroix Turner Impressionism (1865–1885) Capturing fleeting effects of natural light.

Monet,
Manet,
Renoir,
Pissarro,
Cassatt,
Morisot,
Degas

Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871); Unification of Germany (1871) Monet Monet Monet Pissarro Monet Pissarro Mary Cassatt Post-Impressionism (1885–1910)

A soft revolt against Impressionism

Van Gogh,
Gauguin,
Cézanne,
Seurat

Japan defeats Russia (1905) Degas Degas Degas Van Gogh, Van Gogh, Van Gogh, Gauguin Cézanne Fauvism and Expressionism (1900–1935]
Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting form

Matisse,
Kirchner,
Kandinsky,
Marc

Boxer Rebellion in China (1900); World War 1 (1914–1918) Morisot Matisse Matisse Matisse Kirchner Kirchner Matisse Kirchner Kandinsky Kandinsky Kandinsky Kandinsky Kandinsky Franz Marc Franz Marc Franz Marc Franz Marc Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl (1905–1920)

Pre and Post World War 1 art experiments: new forms to express modern life.
Picasso,
Braque,
Leger,
Boccioni,
Severini,
Malevich

Russian Revolution (1917);
American women franchised (1920) Picasso Picasso Picasso Pablo Picasso Picasso Georges Braque Georges Braque Georges Braque Picasso Picasso Seurat Franz Marc Leger Leger Leger Malevich Boccioni Boccioni Dada and Surrealism (1917–1950)

'Ridiculous art'; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious.

Duchamp,
Dalí,
Ernst,
Magritte,
de Chirico,
Kahlo

Disillusionment after World War I; The Great Depression (1929–1938); World War II (1939–1945) and Nazi horrors; atomic bombs dropped on Japan (1945) Duchamp Duchamp Duchamp Duchamp Dali Dali Dali Dali Dali Magritte Magritte Ernst Ernst de Chirico de Chirico de Chirico Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s)
Pop Art (1960s)
Post–World War II: pure abstraction and expression without form; popular art absorbs consumerism.

Gorky,
Pollock,
de Kooning,
Rothko,
Warhol,
Lichtenstein

Cold War and Vietnam War (U.S. enters 1965) U.S.S.R. suppresses Hungarian revolt (1956) Gorky Gorky Gorky Pollock Pollock Poillock Pollock de Kooning de Kooning de Kooning Warhol Rothko Rothko
Warhol Warhol Warhol Warhol Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Lichtenstein Postmodernism and Deconstructivism (1970– )

Art without a center and reworking and mixing past styles

Gerhard Richter,
Cindy Sherman,
Anselm Kiefer,
Frank Gehry,
Zaha Hadid ... and more

Nuclear freeze movement;
Cold War fizzles;
Communism collapses in Eastern Europe and U.S.S.R. (1989–1991) Gerhard Richter Gerhard Richter Gerhard Richter Cindy Sherman Cindy Sherman Cindy Sherman Anselm Kiefer Anselm Kiefer Anselm Kiefer Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Jeff Koons Jeff Koons Jeff Koons Jill Orr Jill Orr Jill Orr Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Julie Rapp Tim Storrier Tim Storrier Tim Storrier Banksy Banksy Banksy Art Time Line
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