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(AH1) Objective 12 - The US Constitution

A breakdown of the Constitution, its major components, and the numerous compromises that went into its creation.

Jerrid Harris

on 28 November 2016

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Transcript of (AH1) Objective 12 - The US Constitution

The United States Constitution - "A Bundle of Compromises"
- Establishes the Legislative Branch
2 House Congress
House of Representatives (Proportional)
Senate (Equal)
Slaves count as 3/5 a person
Age - 25 yrs. old (House), 30 yrs. old (Senate)
Terms - 2 yrs. (House), 6 yrs. (Senate)
House has the power of impeachment
Senate can try all impeachments
All bills originate in the House
All bills must be approved by Senate
Taxes, borrow $, regulate commerce, coin $, declare war, create a Navy, Army, and Militia,
"Necessary and Proper" clause
importing slaves after 1808
, suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus, No Nobility titles
- Establishes the Executive Branch
Elected by "Electoral College"
Age - 35 yrs. old
Term - 4 years (2 term max)
Commander in Chief, pardons, make treaties, create cabinet positions
"State of the Union" address, execute and require enforcement of law
(The Great Compromise)
Congressional Powers include:
Congressional Powers denied:
Article I - Sections 1-10
Article II - Sections 1-4
Powers of the President:
Duties of the President:
- Establishes the Judicial Branch
Creates a Supreme Court, and inferior courts
The supreme court determines the "
" of Federal Laws (1803,
Marbury v. Madison
Powers of the Judicial Branch:
Punish for treason,
Article III - Sections 1-3
Slave Clause"
- "Relations Among the States"
All states have "Full Faith and Credit"
Citizens are protected by their "States Rights"
"Fugitive Slave Clause"
No states can make new states within themselves
Article IV -
Article V -
- Procedures for future amendments
Article VI -
Supremacy Clause
, Debts, and Oaths of Office
Article VII -
- Ratification!!!
The Bill of Rights
(The 3/5 Compromise)
What were some of the compromises that the Anti-Federalists achieved within the Constitution?
What were some of the compromises that the Federalists achieved within the Constitution?
John Marshall
Strong Central Gov't
Weak Central
- I - Freedom of Speech, Religion, Assemble, Petition, etc...
- II - Right to bear

- III - No Quartering
- IV - No unreasonable Search and Seizures
- V - Due Process
- VI - Trial by Jury - Criminal Cases
- VII - Trial by Jury - Civil Cases
- VIII - No Excessive Fines
- IX - "non-enumerated rights" are left to the people
- X - "non-enumerated powers" are left to the states
The Whiskey Rebellion -
The American Federal Government was strong enough to enforce its laws now.
Full transcript