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Transcript of Philippine Fiction
Philippine Contemporary Fiction
Features of Fiction
Different Types of Fiction
-Is the form of any work that deals, in part or in whole, with information or events that are not real, but rather, imaginary and theoretical—that is, invented by the author. Although fiction describes a major branch of literary work, it may also refer to theatrical, cinematic, or musical work. Fiction contrasts with non-fiction, which deals exclusively with factual (or, at least, assumed factual) events, descriptions, observations, etc. (e.g., biographies, histories).
• Commercial fiction
- Philippine short stories are better classified as tales rather than stories, mostly ghost tales or folktales explaining natural phenomena with a theme in which a moral was brought home to the reader.
- Short-story writers of that era drew mostly on Western culture and Western models.
-The market for the Philippine short stories in English was no longer confined solely to the home front but had started to break into print abroad as well.
Prominent Writers were:
• Paz Marquez Benitez
• Paz Latorena
• Arturo B. Rotor
• Amador Daguio
• Loreto Paras Sulit
• Carlos Bulosan, and
• Manuel Arguilla.
• Bienvenido Santos and N.V.M Gonzales
Although writing at that time, were not to gain wider recognition and a
larger audience until after World War II.
Years Immediately Before the War
-Characterized by a desire to create a
End of the 1930’s
-Philippine short story had already
improved in quality, offering plausible
characterization, a stricter control of
language, and interesting situations
Some Writers Are:
• Manuel Arguilla
-Wrote the most significant prewar collection, How My Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife.
• Carlos Bulosan
-Wrote America Is in the Heart.
• N.V.M. Gonzales
-Wrote Seven Hills Away.
-Considered the supreme craftsman.
• Francisco Arcellana
-Wrote Divide by Two.
-One of the Philippines’ finest writers.
• Bienvenido Santos
-Wrote You Lovely People.
• Nick Joaquin
-Craftsman and as cultural historian.
• Gregorio Brillantes
-Wrote Distance to Andromeda.
Big names in the field of the short story, the artists who never used their art as a tool for social and political propaganda:
• Kerima Tuvera
• Gilda Cordero Fernando
• Aida Rivera Ford
• Juan Gatbonton, and
• Andres Cristobal Cruz
-A period when writers seriously grappled with problems
-Saw a proliferation of politically motivated or
committed writing and protest literature.
Some of the more recent fiction
• Paulino Lim
• Alfred Yuson
• Jose Dalisay
• Mario Eric Gamalinda, and
• Cristina P. Hidalgo
Postwar Novelists with a Subject:
• Stevan Javellana’s
- Writer of Without Seeing the Dawn.
• Edilberto Tiempo
-Wrote with an awareness of social
• Bienvenido Santos
-Took up the theme of personal and sociocultural alienation.
• Francisco Sionil Jose
-Writer of monumental Rosales saga.
• N.V.M. Gonzalez
-Wrote "The Harsh World of the Fisherfolk and Peasants".
Examples of Avant-Garde Filipino Fictionists are:
• Mario Eric Gamalinda
• Jessica Hagedorn, and
• Alfred Yuson
-although untrue, could actually happen. Some events, the people, and the places may even be real. It can be possible that in the future imagined events could physically happen.
• Jules Verne's novel From The Earth To The Moon
-the story's events could not happen in real life, which involve an alternate form of history of mankind other than that recorded, or need impossible technology.
• Lewis Carroll - Alice In Wonderland
-fiction implementing a great deal of non-fiction.
• A fictional depiction "based on a true story", or a fictionalized account, or a reconstructed biography.
-Attracts a broad audience and may also fall into any subgenre, like mystery, romance, legal thriller, western, science fiction, and so on.
The Bridges of Madison County by Robert James Wall
• Literary fiction
-Tends to appeal to a smaller, more intellectually adventurous audience.
Cold Mountain by Charles Frazier
-Is a popular genre, boasting a huge established audience.
-Focus on a crime, usually murder.
Great practitioners in this genre include:
Arthur Conan Doyle
Dashiell Hammett and
Earle Stanley Gardner
-creator of Perry Mason.
Present day giants include:
James Lee Burke and
-Is a huge category aimed at diverting and entertaining women.
-In romance novels, you have elements of fantasy, love, naïveté, extravagance, adventure, and always the heroic lover overcoming impossible odds to be with his true love.
First-class romance writers include:
Daphne Du Maurier
Jennifer Greene and
-A focus on relationships, one or more strong female protagonists, women triumphing over unbearable circumstances, and the experiences of women unified in some way.
The field includes such diverse writers as:
Barbara Taylor Bradford
Anne Rivers Siddons
Rebecca Wells and
-Novels depict distant worlds and futuristic technologies that whirl readers far away from the here and now and yet provoke contemplation of contemporary issues.
Star Wars and Star Trek series
Leading science fiction and fantasy writers include:
J.R.R. Tolkien and
J.K. Rowling-current, multi-best-selling, young
-Are tense, exciting, often sensational works with ingenious plotting, swift action, and continuous suspense.
This genre includes the great
espionage writers, including:
John Le Carre
Clive Cussler and
-Filled with gut-wrenching fear, this popular genre keeps readers turning the blood-filled pages.
-Includes fears of supernatural forces, alien visitations, madness, death, dismemberment, and other terrifying notions.
Major horror writers include:
Edgar Allan Poe
Dean Koontz and
-This genre includes any type of novel with a protagonist in the 12 to 16 age range that speaks to the concerns of teenagers.
J.K. Rowling-Harry Potter