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Conflicting Perspectives (Task)

Merchant Of Venice + Justice Game

BOS 22323040

on 6 June 2011

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Transcript of Conflicting Perspectives (Task)

Module C: Representation and Text :
Conflicting Perspectives Introduction: This module explores Conflicing Perspectives through the relationship between representation and the meaning derived from it. But what is Conflicting perspectives? Conflict = A clash between incompatibalities or variance + Perspective= A view or prospect = Conflicting Perspectives Composers are able to express these conflicting perspectives through: Context
Language Techniques
Representation Context:
Context is circumstances in which is used to form certain events in text, which can be reasearched further for a deeper understanding.

Language techniques:
Language techniques are used to represent these conflicting perspectives further through the use of metaphors, subjective tone, emotive language etc.

The portraying of someone/something in a particular way to show perspectives, in order to convince the audience of their own perspective These techniques and representations
shape our perspective Conflicting Perspectives represented in Texts The Justice Game The Justice Game written by
Geoffrey Robertson, is a text
based on his personal experiences
in court. Robertson uses this text to show the audience his perspectives, in order to promote justice. Through the cases presented in the text, Robertson is able to demonstrate his perspective and representations to promote what he believes is the "truth". by: Geoffery Robertson The Merchant of Venice

by: William Shakespeare William Shakespeare's 'The Merchant Of Venice'
is a comedy based in 16th century Venice. The tragic events start too unfold when a christian merchant (Antonio) takes a loan from a Jewish moneyleader (Shylock), for a friend (Bassanio) who seeks love in a wealthy woman (Portia). Which leads Antonio into a "bloody" debt. Shakespeare's representations in 'The
Merchant Of Venice', demonstrate
different perspectives in which
relate to real world society. Shakespeare
exhibits issues relating to clashes of religion
and why "justice matters" Misinterpretations The Trials Of Oz This case is a battle
between the old and the young.
Robertson states that there
are emerging battles between
the old and the young. An example
of this is on pg 40. "generation gaps
widened and the young exploded". Through contextual evidence,
Robertson was in his mid 20's
which shows his side. Robertson's
perspective is influenced through his
young age, favouring the defendants. The Trials of Oz, is a
case based on two things:
generation gaps and freedom
of speech. Through, this large age gap, people
misinterpreted what the school
kids edition of Oz magazine meant.
Robertson represents Judge Arygle,
as part of the "old generation",
old fashioned and out of date.
Judge Arygle sees the magazine
as obscene material, which is a
misinterpretation of the real meaning. Judge Arygle does not
see that the "obscene material"
is a work of art and a revolution
in society, promoting a freedom of
speech and a free world. This case put the magazine into the public,
which cause protests by young people
defending Oz; because Oz represented
the young's freedom. This case also brought attention
to a famous songwriter, John Lennon joined with Yoko Ono. The two wrote a song called "Do the Oz", in order to promote the case. The lyrics, "Put your left hand in, Your right hand out. Do the oz, babe, Dance all about." The use of
the word "dance" represents freedom. "Do'ing the Oz', meant
be free, promote freedom. Through this context, this
links to Robertsons perspective with
the young, which conflicted with the
perspectives of the old. Robertson uses this case to promote freedom
of speech and the battle between
generations for it. The Merchant of Venice has a
different take on conflicting
perspectives in relation to
misinterpreatation. The conflicting perspective is
between the Jew (Shylock) and
the Christians. In the text the Jew,
despises the Christians, in an aside
Shylock says: “I hate them because he is Christian! But more, for that in low simplicity he lends out money gratis, and brings down the rate of usance here with us in Venice", Act 1 Scene 2. On the other hand, The christians
mock the Jew. An example of this
is: “(Sarcastically) The Hebrew will turn Christian. He grows kind.”-Antonio Act 1 Scene 3 Shakespeare represents the religious
view of these character's specifically,
to show that this rivalry between
Christianity and Judaism. Shakespeare represents these characters as two religions which are in conflict, and through this conflict, fabricates their perspectives of the other religion being insuperior. In effect, Antonios debt becomes a life threatening situation. The bond however, backfired on Shylock.
Shylock was blinded by arrogance and
too eager on having Christian flesh, that
he himself misinterpreted his own bond. Shakespeare uses these representations
to show that arrogance, and religious
racism lead to conflicts. Not only that
but also, through underground money
lending can cause problems, as the
person signing the bond or creating the
bond, may have their own interpretation
of the bond. Shakespeare uses this comedy
together with his representations to deliever
a life skill, as well as show that misinterpretation
is a source of conflicting perspectives. Misinterpretation is a key concept
and factor in contributing to a
conflicting perspective. Misinterpretation is understanding
the situation differently. Which in turn,
creates two interpretations to the story. Misinterpretation is usually the "genesis",
the beginning of forming conflictive
perspectives. These texts demonstrate
this through their unique ways...... The Romans In Britain This case was started due to a misinterpretation by a solicitor by the name of Ross-Crones. The prosecutor Mary Whitehouse, filed a private prosecution against the director (Micheal Bogdanov) of The Romans In Britain, because she "claimed" to have seen two men simulate anal rape. Mr. Ross-Crones was called in to view the play to see if it had breached Section 13 of Sexual Offences Act of 1956 because Sir Horace Cutler had seen a "penis" during the play. Sir Horace Cutler misinterpreated what he saw, the "penis" was one of the men's thumb on stage. His was sitting too far away from the stage and interpreted the thumb incorrectly. A little contextual fact, the law of
Section 13 had only applied to sexual
activitie's in a men's public toilet. Mr
Ross Crones argued to the judge that, the National Theatre was a public place and so the act could be applied for ‘procuring, by a male, the commission of an act of gross indecency with another male, in a public place’. Mr Ross-Crones went to go see
the play himself to confirm this
however he was sitting too far back
from the stage, meaning his eyes would've
misinterpreted what he had seen. There had
been no complaints about the play showing
any simulated rape, and so it could have
been a misinterpretation, which also made
his argument in court invalid. Robertson uses persuasive language
to convince the audience of his
perspective. Robertson also represents
characters a certain way to help aid
the audience is going with perspective.
In this case, Robertson depicts Mary
Whitehouse as the antogonist. Other
than stating the obvious that he is
arguing against her in court, he mocks
her in this case. A quote saying "For a woman
of seventy-one, mother and grandmother, to
challenge an act of simulated buggery at
the National Theatre in the full publicity
which would attend the trail - what a comment on the days in which we live" pg 166. This quote shows that Robertson is mocking Whitehouse and is against her. Robertson also uses metaphor's
and irony to get get the audience on his side. A quote on pg 166, is a perfect example of this: "So Director of Private Prosecutions reassembled her devout legal battalion from the war over Gay News and girded her loins for battle against a play she had not seen in a theatre she had never attended." Robertson through mocking the persecutors, and
through demonstrating that misinterpretation is
a cause of conflicting perspectives, is able to
shape our own perspective and join the defendants
in the case. Misinterpretations is the "instigator"
of Conflicting Perspectives. Misinterpretations
start the conflict, stirs it up, creates
perspectives. So that in the end produce meanings
from stirring up character representations due to
ignorance, old age or religious conflicts and so much
more. Robertson and Shakespeare are able to both
demonstrate these conflicting perspectives
through misinterpretation, in two different
ways, one being "real cases" and the other fiction.
Their perspectives also shape ours through the
use of language techniques, context and
representations to produce meaning, and their goal
of persuading the audience of their perspective. However, we do not know
that Robertson's personal
cases are the "real truth",
just his personal perspective
which is bias. By:
Andrew Hoang
Full transcript