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COM60203 - Photography Lighting

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Wai Leong

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of COM60203 - Photography Lighting

Photography– writing with light, is all about manipulating and playing around with light.

The six key properties of light you should consider:
the quality,
evenness and color temperature.


Give more depth and interest to many pictures.
If the shadow created on the opposite site are too dark and distracting, add FILL LIGHT to those shadows with a flash or a reflector.

Side light

The correlation between shutter speed and aperture size is a direct one.

FREELY interchange the settings (shutter timing and lens opening) for respective effects = retaining your preferred exposure setting.

Light levels

The more light that falls on a scene, the brighter the scene appears to be.

Human eyes – auto exposure system.
Camera – ISO settings by using longer or shorter exposure times.
Aperture – Control by fnumber.

Light levels

Color temperature is measured in Kelvin, references to set your camera white balance to.


Studio lighting Exercise
(5 reflection)

Snap 4 photos:
Pic 1 - with flash on
Pic 2 – side light (no flash, with studio light)
Pic 3 – frontal light (no reflector)
Pic 4 – frontal light (with reflector as background)

Example – a combination of excessive amount of strobes, a shoot-through light, reflector and etc.

Studio lighting Set Up

Front light
Side light
Back light

Basic Types of Lighting

Same goes to the
correlation between
shutter speed and ISO.

Light levels

2 basic types of light:


The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive to light, while a higher ISO number increases the sensitivity of your camera.


Or International Organization of Standardization
Is the level of sensitivity of your camera to available light.


Inverse square law - It means that doubling the flash-to-subject distance reduces the light falling on the subject to one-quarter


Contrast is the difference between the bright, lit part of the scene, and the dark, unlit shadow areas.


The light source is behind the subject.

Back light

Widely use and popular.
Disadvantage – Flat, no shadows to give a feel of depth.

Frontal light

Light levels

Please use automatic bracketing – set +/- 1EV (electron volt) if you are unsure about the best exposure to be sure.

Artificial light

Light bulb, fluorescent tube, tungsen-halogen, electronic flash and etc.

Refer to the inverse square law, the even light source degree from the subject.


Intensity is the measure of how bright light is.
“correct” exposure – ISO, Shutter Speed and Aperture.


Direction is another key property that will totally change the look of your images


Lecturer & Tutorial :
Ms. Leong Wai Kit

Semester 4, Year 2

Hard light (hard shadow under the nose) - a small, 18cm-wide silver-lined dish.

Soft light - a large white beauty dish almost overhead and a reflector underneath


Hard light (hard shadow under the nose) - a small, 18cm-wide silver-lined dish.

Soft light - a large white beauty dish almost overhead and a reflector underneath

Quality is the term used to explain how “hard” or “soft” a light is.
Canon EOS 5D Mark II; 85mm focal length; ISO 100;1/160 sec at ƒ/16.

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