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Figurative Language- Foldable notes

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Brook Kruslicky

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language- Foldable notes

"There are a lot of reasons why we use imagery in our writing. Sometimes the right image creates a mood we want. Sometimes an image can suggest connections between two things. Sometimes an image can make a transition smoother. We use images to show intention. (Her words were fired in a deadly monotone and she gunned down the three of us with her smile.) We use imagery to exaggerate. (His arrival in that old Ford always sounded like a six-car pileup on the Harbor Freeway.)
Write your own example of Imagery
In your foldable
A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things. A simile draws resemblance with the help of words “like” or “as”.
We commonly use simple similes in our daily speech. We often hear comments like “John is as slow as a snail.” Snails are notorious for their slow pace and here slowness of John is compared to that of a snail. The use of “as” in the example helps to draw the resemblance.

Figurative language
Vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste).

•It was dark and dim in the forest. – The words “dark” and “dim” are visual images.
•The children were screaming and shouting in the fields. - “Screaming” and “shouting” appeal to our sense of hearing or auditory sense.
•He whiffed the aroma of brewed coffee. – “whiff” and “aroma” evoke our sense of smell or olfactory sense.
•The girl ran her hands on a soft satin fabric. – The idea of “soft” in this example appeals to our sense of touch or tactile sense.
•The fresh and juicy orange are very cold and sweet. – “ juicy” and “sweet” when associated with oranges have an effect on our sense of taste or gustatory sense
Write 2 similes, one that uses as to
compare and one that uses like to compare.
•Our soldiers are as brave as a lion.
•Her cheeks are red like a rose.
•He is as funny as a monkey.
•The water well was dry as a bone.
•He is as cunning as a fox.

Do not copy these, write your own.
a resemblance of two contradictory or different objects is made based on a single or some common characteristics. Comparing two unlike objects not using the words like or as.
1.My brother was boiling mad. (This implies he was too angry.)
2.The assignment was a breeze. (This implies that the assignment was not difficult.)
3.It is going to be clear skies from now on. (This implies that clear skies are not a threat and life is going to be without hardships)
4.The skies of his future began to darken. (Darkness is a threat; therefore, this implies that the coming times are going to be hard for him.)

Write an example of a metaphor, do not copy the examples
figure of speech, which involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.
It is important not to confuse hyperbole with simile and metaphor.
It does make a comparison but unlike simile and metaphor, hyperbole has a humorous effect created by an overstatement.

•My grandmother is as old as the hills.
•Your suitcase weighs a ton!
•She is as heavy as an elephant!
•I am dying of shame.
•I am trying to solve a million issues these days.

Write two examples of hyperbole do not copy the examples below
Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes. The non-human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings
write an example of personification, do not copy the examples below

Common Examples of Personification
•Look at my car. She is a beauty!
•The wind whispered through dry grass.
•The flowers danced in the gentle breeze.
•Time and tide waits for none.
•The fire swallowed the entire forest.

words having the same first consonant sound, occuring close together in a series.

Consider the following examples:

1.But a better butter makes a batter better.
2.A big bully beats a baby boy.
Both sentences are alliterative because the same
first letter of words (B) occurs close together and produces alliteration in the sentence. An important point to remember here is that alliteration does not depend on letters but on sounds. So the phrase not knotty is alliterative, but cigarette chase is not.

Allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a person,
place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance
It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers. It is just a passing comment and the writer expects the reader to possess enough knowledge to spot the allusion and grasp its importance in a text.

•“Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.”
– “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet, in “Romeo and Juliet”.
•The rise in poverty will unlock the Pandora’s box of crimes.
– This is an allusion to one of Greek Mythology’s origin myth, “Pandora’s box”.
•“Hey! Guess who the new Newton of our school is?”
– “Newton”, means a genius student, alludes to a famous scientist Isaac Newton.
•“Stop acting like my ex-husband please.”
– Apart from scholarly allusions we refer to common people and places in our speech.

a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. It creates a sound effect that mimics the thing described, making the description more expressive and interesting.
For instance, saying, “The gushing stream
flows in the forest” is a more meaningful description than just saying, “The stream flows in the forest.” The reader is drawn to hear the sound of a “gushing stream” which makes the expression more effective.

Write your own example of Alliteration
•The buzzing bee flew away.
•The sack fell into the river with a splash.
•The books fell on the table with a loud thump.
•He looked at the roaring sky.
•The rustling leaves kept me awake.

Write your own example, do not copy the ones below .

Write your own idiom do not copy the ones above
a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between the appearance and the reality.

•I posted a video on YouTube about how boring and useless YouTube is.
•The name of Britain’s biggest dog was “Tiny”.
•You laugh at a person who slipped stepping on a banana
peel and the next thing you know, you slipped too.
•The butter is as soft as a marble piece.
•“Oh great! Now you have broken my new camera.”

ex. i was suprised his nose was not growing like panokio's
write this
How would you describe this picture?
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