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History Project-The French Revolution (1789-1815)
Transcript of History Project-The French Revolution (1789-1815)
1789-1815 French Society Before the French Revolution After Napoleon's exile (1814) there was a meeting which included Austria, Prussia, Russia, and England. Four accomplishments were:
The returning of power to absolute monarchy.
France's government ends up as a constitutional monarchy.
Equal amount of land was given to the other countries, so that no one can overthrow the other.
France was not punished harshly for the fear that they might take revenge. The French Revolution French society before the French Revolution followed a system called the Old Regime. Causes of the French Revolution The Enlightenment
People have started to gain new ideas on how power and government should be equal throughout all of France.
These new ideas on power and government affect mostly the Third Estate, which was most of France's population. Early Stages in the Revolution and Reforms in France Enemies of the French Revolution Anthony Lucido The Old Regime was a system where people were divided into 3 social classes called the 'Estates'. The 3 Estates were social classess that determined your power and wealth.
1st Estate was made of the Clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
2nd Estate was made up of Nobility
3rd Estate was made up of Bourgeoisie, Working Class, and Peasants. France's Economy
Increase in taxes
King and Queens costly spending.
Costly wars Weak Leadership
The King and Queen were unfit to rule France.
King Louis XVI did not pay attention to France's economy.
The Queen wasted a lot of money on clothing and jewelery. Some events that were the Early Stages of the Revolution were:
The Estates-General meeting was held (May 15, 1789) because the Estates were to discuss a tax reform.
The National Assembly was formed (June 17, 1789) by the 3rd Estate to pass laws and reforms behalf of the French people.
The Tennis Court Oath was formed (June 1789) when the 3rd Estate was locked out of their usual meeting place, so they met at nearby tennis courts. They were committed to establishing a new constitution.
The Bastille was stormed (June 1789) due to rumours of the King bringing in foreign soldiers and they needed weapons and gun powder. It was also the start of the French Revolution.
The Great Fear (August 1789) was an event where peasants feared that the Nobles were out to get them. The peasants then attcked, burned, or broke into the houses of Nobles.
The March on Versailles (October 1789) was an event where women marched to Versailles due the food situation. Once there they killed 2 soldiers and demanded that the King and Queen returned to Paris (which they did). Some reforms for France include the Declaration of the Rights of Man (August 27, 1789) which guaranteed some of these rights:
People are the foundation of the government.
The government must protect the people's rights.
People are innocent until proven guilty.
Freedom of speech and press.
Taxation according to people's ability to pay. Napoleon's Reign During Napoleon's Reign:
Set up the National Bank.
Made taxes equal.
Gave loans to businesses.
Improved the relationship between the Church. Napoleon gained power through Coup d'etat, or the sudden overthrowing of the government for power. (May 18, 1804) The Jacobins was a radical group during the French Revolution. Enemies of the Revolution were executed by the Guillotine (1792), a device used to execute people by decapitation. Maximilien Robspirre was an individual that gained power during the revolution. He wanted to get rid of everything that represented France's past monarchy and nobility. Napoleon also set up the Napoleonic Code which were:
A list of laws the lessened the freedom of people.
Promoted order in society. However Napoleon's Empire would soon collapse:
His blockade failed, as smugglers got past it.
He was defeated in the Peninsular War and the Invasion of Russia, which he lost almost 400,000 men.
He was then defeated by the Congress of Vienna and was later exiled.