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Trail of Tears
Transcript of Trail of Tears
No foreign countries could help the Indians due to the Monroe Doctrine which stated foreign countries couldn't get involved with new countries affairs. Did the Indian tribes try to rebel against the Trail of Tears They only rebelled legally.
U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled: the tribes would have to sign a treaty removing them from their lands because they were their own nations.
Many followed Principal Chief John Ross to stop the relocation.
Unfortunately, in 1835 the New Echota Treaty gave the U.S. the right to remove the Indians from their lands. How the tribes were moved In May of 1838 the U.S. army came to start moving tribes.
Most Indians were forced to walk on foot, while a small amount was moved by boat.
Thousands of Indians were being moved in poor conditions, such as crowding, unsanitary conditions, hunger, drought, and many deaths. What Indians brought with them As a whole they only had 600 wagons, 5,000 horses, and 100 oxen.
They had very little clothing, some brought blankets, and some didn't even have shoes.
Also, there was no food to be had because thousands hunted along the trail which left nothing. What life was like traveling on the Trail of Tears Conditions were terrible on the Trail of Tears.
Tribes faced cold weather and terrible clothing to protect them from the weather.
There were lots of deaths due to:
Malnutrition and starvation
Disease and infection
The elderly and young were at a higher risk of dying, so when deaths occurred the families couldn't properly bury them and had to grieve while walking along what could be the death of them. Where the Indians were relocated to Cherokee nation was moved to current day Chattanooga Tennessee.
Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole were relocated to the border of Arkansas and Oklahoma.
As well as land the Indians received a new constitution, and individually they received farmland and money.
Native Americans also became citizens of the United States of America. The Trail of Tears was the reason of relocation of five Indian Tribes- Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole.
Tribes were forced out of their native homeland, and walked hundreds of miles to new lands.
U.S. citizens wanted Indian lands, so the 4 Presidents during the Indians relocation promised them acceptance into American life. Overview of The Trail of Tears Cherokee nation called the Trail of Tears "Nunna daul Isunyi" which means the trail where we cried.
Trail was very difficult because many Indians faced hunger, disease, exhaustion, and many watched as their family and friends died. Why call it the Trail of Tears? President Andrew Jackson had a view of America.
didn't include women in politics
didn't end slavery
Native Americans suffered from it
Some Indians had been selling their lands to the U.S., but Americans got greedy and didn't want to pay for their land anymore.
Some U.S. citizens believed there was even gold under their lands. Cause of the Trail of Tears Over 4,000 Cherokee Indians died along the trail.
Set some Indian tribes against the U.S. which led them to side with the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Indians never returned to their way of life before they were relocated. Effects of the Trail of Tears Where the tribes were relocated Rachael Spelman