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Transcript of Tundra Prezi
By: Mijon, Anna, Issy, and Drew Facts about Polar Bear, Caribou,
and Arctic Fox Tundra Plants Calliergon giganteum (Arctic Moss)
found growing on the bottom of tundra lake beds and in and around bogs and fens
eaten by migrating animals such as birds
Salix arctica (Arctic Willow)
lives in dry, cold, open places, such as hummocks in wet sphagnum bogs, sedge meadows, margins of pools, and muddy salt flats
15-20 cm in height
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)
found in dry, non-nutrient soils such as sand, soils on rock outcrops and shallow soils
rises 2-8" off the ground
Cladonia rangiferina (Caribou Moss)
grows on the ground and on rocks
grows to be 1 to 4 inches high
although called caribou moss, it is actually a lichen Pictures of Tundra Plants Calliergon giganteum (Arctic Moss) Salix arctica (Arctic Willow) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry) Cladonia rangiferina (Caribou Moss) Salix pulcha (Diamond-Leaf Willow) Ledum groenlandicum (Labrador Tea) Anemone patens (Pasque Flower) Saxifraga caespitosa (Tufted Saxifrage) Sources of Information "Tundra Plants." Blue Planet Biomes. N.p., 2002. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/tundra_plant_page.htm>.
"Tundra Animals." Blue Planet Biomes. N.p., 2003. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/tundra_animal_page.htm>.
"Tundra Plants." Blue Planet Biomes. N.p., 2003. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/tundra.htm>.
(n.d.). Tundra biome facts. Retrieved from Bioexpedition website: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/citationbuilder/
(n.d.). Tundra dry, cold, and windy. Retrieved from National Geographic Environment website: http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/tundra-profile/
(n.d.). What are 10 interesting facts about the tundra? Retrieved from Ask website: http://www.ask.com/answers/144344821/what-are-10-interesting-facts-about-the-tundra
(2000, ). The tundra biome. Retrieved from University of California Museum of Paleontology website: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/tundra.php Geography Polar Bear:
Common Name: Sea Bear, Polar Bear
Scientific Name: Ursus maritimus
thick blubber, short ears and tails help conserve heat
short legs and webbed feet help with swimming, semi-long neck helps keep the head above the water while swimming Caribou:
Common Name: Caribou, Reindeer
Scientific Name: Rangifer tarandus
semi-hibernate when weather is harsh
large hooves support the lean body in the dense snow Arctic Fox:
Common Name: Arctic Fox, Polar Fox, White Fox
Scientific Name: Vulpes lagopus
grows long fur during the winter months, fur changes color with the seasons
legs, ears, and muzzle are short to conserve energy The tundra is a empty space with some animal life a some plants and a lot ice and snow. There is a low amount of trees in the tundra due to the low temperature. The soil is frozen between 25-90cm. In the alpine tundra there are mountains while in the Arctic doesn't have any mountains and is barren. Facts about the Arctic Hare, Snowy Owl, and the Musk Ox Arctic Hare:
Common Name: Arctic Hare, Polar Hare, Alpine Hare
Scientific Name: Lepus arcticus
thick fur protects them from against the winter weather
long claws on their forepaws help dig dens the packed-in snow
hind legs can be used to swim Snowy Owl:
Common Name: Snowy Owl, Cat Owl
Scientific Name: Bubo scandiacus
feather colorations helps camouflage with the snow; keeps warm
wide yellow eyes help see prey in dim light Musk Ox:
Common Name: Oomingmak, Musk Ox
Scientific Name: Ovibos moschatus
long fur for protection against the coldest, winter weather
short legs, ears, and tail as well as a stocky body help keep heat energy in the musk ox body
large hooves help keep balance in the soft snow; can be used for digging Facts about the Ermine, Arctic Wolves, Harp Seals, and Rock Ptarmigan Ermine:
Common Name: Short-tailed Weasel, Stout, Royskatt, Ermine
Scientific Name: Mustela erminea
a silent hunter on the icy terrain
the coat changes color for the season (brown: summer, white: winter)
slender body helps fit into the tiniest of burrows Arctic Wolves:
Common Name: Arctic Wolf, Polar Wolf, White Wolf
Scientific Name: Canis lupus arctos
short legs, ear, and snout help keep heat energy in the body
thick coat to survive the harsh, winter weather
thick pads on their feet help with balance and speed
white color of the fur makes it harder for it to be seen in the snow Harp Seals:
Common Name: Harp Seal, Greenland Seal, Saddle Seal
Scientific Name: Pagophilus groenlandicus
longer flippers help with swimming quickly
thick blubber and fur help with insulating the harp seal’s body
sharp teeth and a hard head help the seals when they trapped under water, under the ice Climatogram Rock Ptarmigan:
Common Name: Rock Ptarmigan, Willow Ptarmigan
Scientific Name: Lagopus muta
feathered legs help protect their legs from the snow while they are walking
shape of their eyes help the birds from going blind in the snowy weather
have the ability to take flight while in the sitting position Climate affects this biome because all of the plants, animals, etc. are forced to adapt to the cold, harsh weather of this biome. Pop Quiz!! 1.) The Tundra is the _________ of all the biomes.
2.) The Caribou's _______ support it's body in the dense snow.
3.) Another common name for the Ermine is ___________.
b. Short-Tailed Weasel
c. All of the Above
4.) The shape of their eyes help _______ from going blind in the snowy weather.
a. Harp Seals
c. Rock Ptarmigan
5.) _____________ is used as medicine for skin problems.
a. Arctic Willow
b. Labrador Tea
c. Tufted Saxifrage science.psu.edu Salix pulcha (Diamond-Leaf Willow)
few inches tall
creeps along the ground in a thick carpet
Ledum groenlandicum (Labrador Tea)
4 to 5 feet tall
used for medicine for skin problems
Anemone patens (Pasque Flower)
These plants grow where frogs live
rise 6-8 inches off the ground
only grows on southward facing slopes
Saxifraga caespitosa (Tufted Saxifrage)
grows in thick mats
stems can grow 3-15 cm tall
has a well-developed underground root system for storing carbohydrates alaska-in-pictures.com wallsonline.com tumblr.com (zolanimals) piperbasenji.com mottafied.com blueplanetbiomes.com moonsongstock.com goodnature.nathab.com vulkaner.no.com Energy Pyramid and Food Web Overview of the Tundra Biome: The tundra is one of the coldest biomes on Earth.
The only plants that can survive in the Tundra are plants that live on bare rock or thin soil.
The tundra biome is the second-deadliest environment in the world.
The two types of the Tundra biome are the Arctic and Alpine Tundra.
The word tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturi which means treeless plain. 6. )Pasque Flowers only grow on slopes facing _____________.
7.) Although called ________, this moss is actually a lichen.
a. Arctic Moss
b. Caribou Moss
c. All of the Above
8.) The Tufted Saxifrage's complex root system is used for _______________.
9.) The Alpine Tundra hosts ___________, unlike the Arctic Tundra.
a. liquid water
c. human beings
10.) All plants, animals, etc. are forced to adapt to what?
a. the climate
b. the geography
c. the ice in the Tundra Primary Producers:
Diamond Leaf Willow
Arctic Hare Mijon: Geographer
Drew: Meteorologist Secondary Consumers:
Arctic Wolf iskellett.com arctic.noaa.gov animals.nationalgeographic.com animals.nationalgeographic.com