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Biomes of Canada

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by

Alex Ruyter

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Biomes of Canada

Biomes of Canada
A
BIOME
is a large geographical region that contains similar ecosystems.

On land, biomes are defined by the types of plants that grow in them.

Also classified according to average temperature and amount of rainfall.
Biomes of Canada
Biomes are either
AQUATIC
or
TERRESTRIAL
.
Like a dessert the tundra has no trees, only small shrubs, hardy grasses, mosses and lichens.


Ontario's northern coastline on Hudson Bay to the west of James Bay, is tundra.


Boreal Forests
Image you are traveling across Canada from Newfoundland to the Yukon.
Consider the rotting log ecosystem or stream ecosystem.
There are 5 main terrestrial biomes and 2 main categories of aquatic biomes in Canada
Tundra Biome
Brainstorm some characteristics of the tundra biome
Tundra receives little precipitation.
Most important ___________ factor is the length of the growing season.
Slow decomposition process due to cold temperature
Layer of soil that never thaws is called
permafrost
Also known as
TAIGA
Trees that have cones and needles (i.e. spruce and fir)

Most of Northern Ontario is covered with boreal forests
Found in every province and makes up approximately 80% of all forests
Deciduous Forest
Brainstorm: Characteristics of the deciduous forest biome
Have trees that lose their leaves in the autumn, such as maple and oaks.


Large trees shed their leaves and sunlight is able to reach forest floor.
Small shurbs, trees and ferns are able to grow.
Southern Ontario is mainly a deciduous forest
Grasslands
Few trees but are covered in various grasses and shrubs.

Ontario has very
few
grasslands.

Found primarily in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and a small part of Alberta
Fertile soil
Temperate Coniferous Forests
different types of needle- and cone-bearing trees than boreal forest.

Douglas fir, Sitka spruce, and western Hemlock.

Most of western British Columbia is a temperate coniferous forest
Aquatic Biomes
These are water-based
.
Fall under two main categories: marine and freshwater
Marine biomes
: found in oceans and have a high salt content.
Freshwater Biomes
: include lakes, streams, rivers and wetlands. They have a low salt content.
Terrestrial Biomes
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