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Architect Pablo Antonio "National Artist Of the Philippines"

life and achievements of Pablo Antonio
by

Andrew Rebuldela

on 24 October 2016

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Transcript of Architect Pablo Antonio "National Artist Of the Philippines"

LIFE THEATER
ARCHITECT
PABLO ANTONIO
"National Artist
of the Philippines"

The design he makes is based on simplicity and clean structural design. The lines are clean and smooth, and where there are curves, these are made integral to the structure.
Pablo believes that function must come first before the elegance of the structure. His design focus on the maximum use of natural light and cross ventilation. He always strives to make each of his building design unique from others, he avoided obvious trademarks.
Pablo Antonio Sr. a well-known architect of the Philippine was born on January 25 in Binondo, Manila in the year 1901,
Apolonio Antonio was his father who worked as a construction worker that dabbed in the arts of sculpting and painting, this was the skills that he taught his son

By the age of 12, Pablo was orphaned and he had to live and support himself. He works during day, and he attended the secondary School at night.

He honed his skills in drafting and design through experience, he did this without attending design school. He also worked as a draftsman for the bureau of Public works.
After
finishing high school, Pablo Antonio took the course of architecture and structural engineering through a correspondence course, at tomas Mapua’s architectural school, but because of his obligations at work he had to drop out. He had to help in the completion of the legislative building, which is now known as the national museum of the Philippines.
He also worked for the company “Mapua-Arevalo-Siochi” under one of his former adviser as a draftsman and a construction foreman like his father before him.
With the help of one of his partners named Engineer Ramon Arevalo, one of the engineer of the legislative building project funded Antonio’s education at
the University of London. He completed a five-year Architecture Course in just three years and graduated in 1927. And passed the board exam and in 1932 he became a licensed architect.

Pablo Antonio Architecture and its adoption of Art Deco techniques was radical for its time, the dominant motif of the Philippine was neoclassicism when he began his career.
Antonio's architecture and its adoption of Art Deco techniques was radical for its day, neoclassicism being the dominant motif of Philippine architecture when he began his career
Antonio died in Manila, Philippines on june 14,1975 due to health reasons. The cause of his death is still not stated until after he died
“National Artist in Architecture (1976)” Pablo S. Antonio pioneered modern Philippine Architecture .
Pablo Antonio quoted stating "buildings should be planned with austerity in mind and its stability forever as the aim of true architecture, that buildings must be progressive, simple in design but dignified, true to a purpose without resorting to an applied set of aesthetics and should eternally recreate truth".
PHILOSOPHY
PABLO ANTONIO'S
BACKGROUND
LIFE AS AN ARCHITECT AND MAJOR WORKS
Pablo Antonio first came into prominence as an architect during 1933. With the construction of the ideal theatre that he designed along Avenida Rizal in Manila, aside from the ideal theatre, Architect Pablo Antonio also designed several other theaters in manila, which includes the following
 During the late 1930’s the life theatre was designed wherein the style “Art-Deco Architectural Style” was incorporated into the design of the main structure. The Life theatre could accommodate/ seat around 800 people. During World War II it was damaged but was quickly recovered and operated again as a stand-alone theatre in 1950’s

But due to the boom of shopping malls and businesses in manila the theatre could not keep up because the people prefer watching movies in malls rather than in a stand-alone theatre. This was also the reason why the life theatre was converted into a mall and was renamed Villonco Building
Located in Rizal Avenue, Manila, this structure was one of the prime movie houses of its time. The structure use sun buffles, it created a very dignified character to the structure. The stairways of the structure leading to the balcony are very graceful and the arcade was accented by rectangular blocks,
Sadly in 2008 the building had been demolished
GALAXY THEATER

The unique works that Pablo Antonio did caught the eyes of the founder of the far eastern University Nicanor Reyes Sr. who was at that time looking to build a campus that was modern in style. The years between 1938 to 1950 he designed several of the buildings within the university campus in the style of “ART deco”.
the buildings of Far Eastern University was one of his known works,
The Administration Building was completed in the year 1949.it contains the Administration and Executive office.
THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING
The building’s interior main theme was embellished in the Art Deco Style,
the materials used in the building were concrete, hardwood and hand forge wrought iron.
The administration building contains a number of portraits of Fernando Amorsolo, National Artist for Visual Arts.

the third building that Pablo Antonio Designed for the current FEU campus.
constructed in 1941, the law building used to house the boy’s high school, Originally an early basic education program of the university
THE LAW BUILDING

the seven-story science building was erected in 1950 .
this building was considered a transition in style between Art Deco and the Post World War II International Style.
but in 1990 an earthquake occurred which caused a large structural damage to the building making it necessary to demolish the two top floors of the structure to prevent further damage. The building houses the faculty rooms, laboratories, classrooms for biology, chemistry, Math and Physics departments.
THE SCIENCE BUILDING
this building was named after the founder of FEU. This was the flagship and anchor of the entire campus of Far Eastern University. The structure was built in the year 1938; it was the first erected structure in the Current FEU campus and was the second building designed by Architect Pablo Antonio for FEU.
The façade of the building is made up of large piers with curve corners, geometric patterns of iron and concrete which are characteristics of the Art Deco style. the University;s signage in Alibata inspired fonts was also placed on the façade of Nicanor Reyes Hall.
The building houses the institute of Accountancy, business, the University’s Central Library and Electronic Library.
NICANOR REYES BUILDING
The building that mirrors the law building (the form er boy’s highschool), it is the fourth building that Pablo Antonio designed for present FEU, The East Asia College Building was constructed in 1941, it was to house the girl’s high school, originally an early basic education program of the university. It currently houses East Asia college’s programs for engineering and information technology.

The FEU campus is now considered as the largest ensemble of Surviving Art Deco architecture in manila. And when the year 2005 came it received the award of a honourable mention citation from the UNESCO for the body’s 2005 Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation.
East Asia College Building
OTHER WORKS
FACADE OF WHITE CROSS
Boulevard-Alhambra (now called Bel-Air)
LYRIC THEATER
Guzman College of Science & Technology formerly
Ramon Roces Publications Building
At the year 1976, President Ferdinand Marcos declared and conferred the rank and title “NATIONAL ARSTIST OF THE PHILIPPINES” to Architect Pablo Severo Antonio Sr. He was also Noted as the “Pioneer of Modern Philippine Architecture”
AWARDS
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