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Transcript of COMPUTER GRAPHICS
-are graphics created using computers and the representation of image data by a computer specifically with help from specialized graphic hardware and software.
-the pictorial representation and manipulation of data by a computer.
American computer graphics art director. In 1964, while working for Boeing, he made the first computer model of a human body ("Boeing Man")
created the first video game, Spacewar
University of Utah
-STARTED THE GRAPHIC RESEARCH
created an animation of his wife's face
was one of those early pioneers; he would later found Adobe Systems and create a revolution in the publishing world with his PostScript page description language
The first major advance in 3D computer graphics was created at UU by these early pioneers, the hidden-surface algorithm
As a computer scientist, Catmull has contributed to many important developments in computer graphics
President of Walt Disney Animation Studios and Pixar Animation Studios
Computer scientist best known as the co-founder with Charles Geschke of Adobe Systems Inc.
British physicist, computer scientist, and an Associate of the Royal College of Science. He joined International Computers Limited in 1968 and became head of software engineering
David John Pearson
Artists and graphic designers began to see the personal computer, particularly the Commodore Amiga and Macintosh, as a serious design tool, one that could save time and draw more accurately than other methods
Commodore Amiga and Macintosh,
3D computer graphics
gaming, multimedia and animation.
Graphical user interface (GUI)
often use graphical user interfaces (GUI) to present data and information with symbols, icons and pictures, rather than text. Graphics are one of the five key elements of multimedia technology
France, the very first computer graphics TV series
Mac Guff Ligne (1988)
Quarxs, the first HDTV computer graphics series
Maurice Benayoun AND François Schuiten
first full-length computer-generated animation film, was released in cinemas worldwide.
Computer graphics used in films and video games gradually began to be realistic
(volumetric pixel or Volumetric Picture Element) is a volume element, representing a value on a regular grid in three dimensional space.
sandbox indie game originally created by Swedish programmer Markus "Notch" Persson and later developed and published by Mojang
TYPES OF COMPUTER GRAPHICS
Concepts and principles
-generating a 3D model by means of computer programs
It would contain geometry, viewpoint, texture, lighting, and shading information as a description of the virtual scene
- is a technique used to display a 2D projection of a 3D discretely sampled data set
is the process of developing a mathematical, wireframe representation of any three-dimensional object, called a "3D model"
Rational drug design
"the act of
bringing to life
" or "
give life to
-is a device that produces the illusion of motion from a rapid succession of static pictures
An Egyptian burial chamber mural, approximately 4000 years old, showing wrestlers in action.
Five images sequence from a vase found in Iran
-a kind of zoetrope with mirrors instead of slots
(1874–1961) was a British film maker who witnessed the birth of the movies as an assistant/cameraman of Birt Acres (1854-1918)
was possibly the first American filmmaker to use the techniques of stop-motion and hand-drawn animation.
J. Stuart Blackton
The Enchanted Drawing (1900) and Humorous Phases of Funny Faces
"Genius is one percent inspiration, ninety-nine percent perspiration."
- film largely consisted of a stick figure moving about and encountering all manner of morphing objects
Russian and French stop-motion animator notable as the author of the first puppet-animated film. He also used insects and other animals as protagonists of his films
a successful newspaper cartoonist who created detailed animations that required a team of artists and painstaking attention to detail
John Randolph Bray and
-most successful early animation producer
Stop motion animation
-cel animation or hand-drawn animation
- individual frames of a traditionally animated film are photographs of drawings that are first drawn on paper
kinds of traditional animation
Full animation - high-quality traditionally animated that regularly use detailed drawings and plausible movement
Limited animation - less detailed and/or more stylized drawings and methods of movement
Rotoscoping -animators trace live-action movement, frame by frame
Live-action/animation - hand-drawn characters into live action shots
-used to describe animation created by physically manipulating real-world objects and photographing them one frame of film at a time to create the illusion of movement
-encompasses a variety of techniques, the unifying factor being that the animation is created digitally on a computer.
2D animation has many applications, including analog computer animation, Flash animation and PowerPoint animation. Cinemagraphs are still photographs in the form of an animated GIF file of which part is animated.
digitally modeled and manipulated by an animator. The animator starts by creating an external 3D mesh to manipulate. A mesh is a geometric configuration that gives the visual appearance of form to a 3D object or 3D environment
-is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms
includes a combination of
text, audio, still images, animation, video,
or interactivity content forms.
Entertainment and fine arts
Mathematical and scientific research
Usage / Application