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Iceland

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by

Aimee Lovington

on 26 April 2015

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Transcript of Iceland

Energy and Consumption
Energy usage: 18,774.97 kg of oil (energy use per capita (2012)
Primary source of energy: geothermal
Ranked
99
globally as an energy consumer
No oil production
must import all oil
Norway, Netherlands, Germany
Oil consumption: 17,430 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Natural gas production: 0
natural gas consumption:0
Coal production: 0
Coal consumption: 0

Natural Resources
Hazards
Population
North America and Eurasian Plate
All urban areas are close to the coast and is where the majority of people live.
Volcanoes and earthquakes are very prevalent
Urbanization is at a standstill.
Water availability is very sustainable. Its capital has a geothermal spot.
Protection against pollution and the ocean.
Land Usage
Geography
Environmental Issues
- Environmental Performance Index (EPI) named Iceland the most environmental nation 2010
- Environmental conservation High Priority
- Soil Erosion
- Deforestion
- Fighting Pollution in Oceans
- 3 Main Natural Resources:
1. Fisheriers
2. Renewable Energy
2. Water

- Majority population coastal regions & Capitol
- Highlands Uninhabited
- Farming & Grazing
- Unequal Land Usage
99% of the population lives in urban areas
60% of the population lives in the nation's capital, Reykjavik
Current population is about 326,000 growing at 0.7% annually.
103,000 square kilometers
High
High healthcare ranking
Eco-friendly
100% of the population is using improved drink resources while only 5% is undernourished
Biocapacity
Hazards Continued
Mitigation Measures
Climate Change
According to the University of Iceland, the bio capacity per capita is 22.13 gha
Ecological Footprint
According to University of Iceland, the ecological footprint per capita is 42.95 gha
Result of massive imports
Sustainability
ICELAND
Aimee Lovington, Allison Dargis, Garrett Hill, Ingram Baker, Kat Feagin, Katie Hannah, Kylie Grace Beall, Madeline King, Megan Masters, Mel Biscoe
- One of most sustainable countries in the world
- Cleanest energy consumer
- Aware of carrying capacity
- National Programme of Action
- Welfare for the Future
Plate Tectonics
Located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Divergent boundary
presence of volcanic activity & small earthquakes
Emerged through the activity of a hotspot, or mantle plume
largest island on the ridge because of hot spot
Hazards Continued
- Glacial rivers & water sources

- Glacial Flood hazards

- "Megaflood" 1996

WASTE WATER TREATMENT & MANAGEMENT
RIVER SYSTEMS & FLOODING
- Biological Sewage Treatments

- Sewage treatment quality & responsibilies

- Measures taken, improvements

- National Programme of Action
(Ports in Iceland)
Parts of land are rising as much as 1.4 inches per year
result of melting glaciers
Hazards uncertain
Expected hazards include increase in volcanic activity, melt water floods, acidification of ocean, rise of invasive species, and an increase in bush and forest fires.
Economy
The main Industries
Fishing industry employs more than 5% of the work force.
Breakdown of GDP by sector (2007)
Fishing industry declined from 16% to 6% from 1980 to 2007.
Products from agriculture
Energy and Consumption Continued (most recent year)
Total Primary Energy Consumed = 0.207 Quadrillion BTU
Total Primary Energy Produced = 0.166 Quadrillion BTU
Total Electricity Produced = 17.43 Billion KWH
Total Electricity Consumed = 16.94 Billion KWH
Total C02 Emissions = 1962 Kilotons (less than 0.01% of global CO2 Emissions)
CO2 Per Capita = 6.17 Metric Tonnes
Full transcript