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Gallery of Impressionism

ART101: Art Appreciation (ACH1321B)
by

Angela Parry

on 24 June 2013

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Transcript of Gallery of Impressionism

Impressionism
Monet, Claude (1873). Sunrise (Marine) [Oil on canvas; 19 1/4 x 23 1/2 in.]. Retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/art/collections/images/m/13358001.jpg
During a time when the country struggled to rebuild after the Franco Prussian war, Impressionists Claude Monet painting Sunrise (Marine)1878, launched an uproar amongst critics. Looking at the Claude Monet’s Sunrise (Marine) painting as an example of impressionism as it spearheaded the movement. The canvases at close range may looks flawed with smears of raw and harsh brush strokes. However, at a distance, the forms and objects are brilliantly comprised. The colors mix on a pallet then applied on the canvases, overlapping the painting, to give it depth and a realistic perspective. If you stare through the marina at the bay during dusk, this color mixture is an exact replication of the lights and reflections you visualize.
On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt
Monet, Claude. (1868). On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt [Oil on canvas; 32 1/16 x 39 5/8 in. (81.5 x 100.7 cm)]. The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved from http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/exhibitions/Impressionism/artwork/81539
La Grenouillere
Renoir, Pierre-Auguste (1869). La Grenouillere [Oil on canvas; [93 x 65 cm] Oskar Reinhart Collection, Winterthur, Switzerland. Retrieved from http://www.renoirgallery.com/biography.asp
Starry Night
Blue Dancers

As the dancers prepare, their realistic movements seem almost photographic. The blue core color becomes almost unseen after staring at the painting for a few minutes, as your eyes are drawn to the reflections off the dancers poses. According to Trachtman (2003), Now Degas’s pencil and chalk drawings, monotype prints and pastels, oil paintings and sculptures of ballerinas have been gathered from museums and private collections around the world for an exhibition entitled “Degas and the Dance" (Trachtman, 2003, Degas and His Dancers, para 4)

Impressionism
Impressionism started in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries by a group of artist who techniques use reality with light and color. Impressionism was a movement in 1870-80 brought out by this group of painters that captured lighted by shading layers of color. According to Kleiner (2014), a group of Impressionists including as Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas and a few others tried to harness moments and “transient effects of light and climate on canvas”. (Kleiner, 2014, p. 23-7a). Critics initially proposed the tag of Impressionism as an insult.

Many of these paintings close up brought critics declare of sloppy work however, at a distance pieces come alive. Critics did not initially embrace these creative changes. According to Patton (2012), critics alleged Impressionists rushed through their work however, Monet’s Houses of Parliament series required all to be worked on simultaneously or in tandem until completion as each one needed his attention at separate times (Patton , 2012). However; by 1878 the group of artist’s started to label their work as Impressionism and launched the movement. This group launched the victory and spearheaded this movement with many other artists, thereafter.

Impressionist painted not only what they saw but, also what they felt. Impressionist painted a subjective and personal response to nature. Impressionist, combine naturalism and realism by layering colors to appear more natural as opposed to only shading in dark greys and black. These painters commonly painted outdoors scenes. While impressionism attempts at realism using color variations to impose a more naturalist realism it also hints at modernism as it bravely branched away from darker shadings and implemented color variations in layers.

While new and the relevant during their times, impressionist had to face the world of criticism and isolation. They triumphed through their encounters and made lasting impressions on many generations still to come. The most magnificent art is in the restraints, traditions, unorthodox and distorting narrative pieces, available today

Gallery of Impressionism

Angela Parry

ART101: Art Appreciation (ACH1321B)

Instructor: Anne Olden
June 23, 2013

Sunrise (Marine)
According to Kleiner (2014), Monet typically painted outdoors, on the banks of the Seine or in a boat on a river and carried systematic study of light and color more than other Impressionist (Kleiner, 2014). The painting is dated and signed by Monet in the lower left of the painting. If this piece had been painted by an unknown painter the art historian would have looked at internal evidence and other impressionists to find date, time period by style.
The work of art Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh, 1889 is on display at the The Museum of Modern Art located in midtown Manhattan, New York City On view in Painting and Sculpture, in Gallery 1 on Floor 5. According to van Gogh gallery 2013, “Van Gogh painted Starry Night while in an Asylum at Saint-Remy in 1889” (Van Gogh Gallery, 2013). The painting seems to suggest isolated town with a religious tone with the steeple towering over the town in the starry night. Hopefulness shines as the stars are bright in the skies, illuminating reflections off the rooftops of the homes. This painting has a bright and illuminating exposure.
The material used:Oil on canvas
The setting is dragging the eyes around the painting in this swirly night sky swirling or curving contours role around in the painting as though you are dragged from one movement to the next.
Internal elements with fluidity and swirly contours are prevalent
Composition - Impressionist technique - 19th century.
Vivid style - unusual – the brushstrokes created a line to signify the night sky line
Technique- night’s brushstrokes are consistent throughout the painting creating a dramatic texture.

Van Gogh (1889). Starry Night [Oil on canvas; 29 x 36 1/4" (73.7 x 92.1 cm) ]81.9 x 121.3 cm]. Retrieved from http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79802
Degas, Edgar (1899). Blue Dancers [Pastel on paper; [25.59 inch wide x 25.59 inch high] Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia. Retrieved from http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/51449.html
Monet, Claude (1873). Autumn on the Seine at Argenteuil [Oil on canvas; [, 21 3/8 x 28 7/8 inches] High Museum of Art. Retrieved from http://www.high.org/Art/Exhibitions/The-Impressionists.aspx
Autumn on the Seine at Argenteuil
The outdoors captures the colors in the scene, effortlessly. Reflections and movement are cast with color transitions such as pinks and purples that guide your eyes around the scene. The Painting is seperated with two point perspective meeting in the middle and seperating orange and blue by water and sky in purple and pinks. Impressionist developed paintings that have brushstrokes without attempting to blend the pigment, however much consideration for natural light is reflective and captured in these stokes. As stated by Brodskaya, (2012),” To the future Impressionists, nature was exactly what interested them most” (Brodskaya, 2012, Art of Century: Impressionism, p 9). Impressionist painted not only what they saw but, also what they felt.
Brodskaya, Nathalia. (2012) Art of Century : Impressionism.New York, NY, USA: Parkstone International, 2012. p 9.http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ashford/Doc?id=10532468&ppg=9
Degas, Edgar (1899). Blue Dancers [Pastel on paper; [25.59 inch wide x 25.59 inch high] Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia. Retrieved from http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/51449.html
J. Paul Getty Museum retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/museum/
Kleiner, F. S. (2013). Gardner’s art through the ages: The western perspective (14th ed., Vol. II). Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Monet, Claude (1873). Autumn on the Seine at Argenteuil [Oil on canvas; [, 21 3/8 x 28 7/8 inches] High Museum of Art. Retrieved from http://www.high.org/Art/Exhibitions/The-Impressionists.aspx
Monet, Claude (1873). Sunrise (Marine) [Oil on canvas; 19 1/4 x 23 1/2 in.]. Retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/art/collections/images/m/13358001.jpg
Monet, Claude. (1868). On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt [Oil on canvas; 32 1/16 x 39 5/8 in. (81.5 x 100.7 cm)]. The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved from http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/exhibitions/Impressionism/artwork/81539
Patton, C. (2012, Feb 17). Impressionism. Florida Times Union. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/926818504?accountid=32521
Renoir, Pierre-Auguste (1869). La Grenouillere [Oil on canvas; [93 x 65 cm] Oskar Reinhart Collection, Winterthur, Switzerland. Retrieved from http://www.renoirgallery.com/biography.asp
The Getty Center, Los Angeles http://www.getty.edu/index.html
Trachtman, Paul (2003). Degas and His Dancers. A major exhibition and a new ballet bring the renowned artist's obsession with dance center stage. Smithsonian magazine Retrieved from http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/degas-dancers.html#ixzz2X6z0cxL8
Van Gogh (1889). Starry Night [Oil on canvas; 29 x 36 1/4" (73.7 x 92.1 cm) ]81.9 x 121.3 cm]. Retrieved from http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79802
Van Gogh Gallery (2013), Vincent van Gogh: Starry Night A Brief Understanding of the Starry Night Paintings. Van Gogh Gallery. Retrieved from http://www.vangoghgallery.com/painting/starryindex.html

 The material used:Oil on canvas

Theme: Nature

Color Values: darker with light peering through casting a reflection through sky and on water.

Internal elements: speakled contours rythemic

Composition - Impressionist technique - 19th century.

Vivid style - unusual – the smudges of color blends to create forms

The material used:Oil on canvas

Theme: Nature

Subject: commonplaces by the river

Setting : open country

Composition - Impressionist technique - 19th century.

Vivid style - unusual – the smudges of color blends to forms

Technique- brushstrokes are inconsistent throughout the painting creating a dramatic texture.

Completion Date: 1869

The material used: oil-based pigment

Theme: Nature

Subject: by the river jetty

Style: Impressionism

Period: Association with Impressionists

Color value: juxtaposition of red and green

Composition - conscious design, composed with lines of the horizon and the jetty

Vivid style - unusual – the smudges of color blends to forms

Technique- brushstrokes are inconsistent throughout the painting creating a dramatic texture.

The material used: Pastel on paper

Theme: Movement

Subject: Dancing

Vivid Color value: Vivid Blues

Technique- rubbed pastels over his monotype

References
According to Renior Gallery(2013), "In 1869 Renoir and Monet worked together and produced what are usually regarded as the first landscape paintings in which the impressionist style of painting is properly evident. Working at La Grenouillère on the Seine near Bougival" (Renior Gallery, 2013, para 11)
Gallery of
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