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Gradual Release of Responsibility Model

This is a look at the gradual release of responsibility model and how to use it for teaching comprehension strategies.

Brittany Sturdevant

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of Gradual Release of Responsibility Model

Modeling and Teaching Comprehension Strategies
Gradual Release of Responsibility
Model - "I do you watch" - Teacher names and demonstrates strategy.

Guided Practice - "I do you help" - Group work with students beginning to use the strategy

Independent Practice- "You do I help" - Students practice strategy with some teacher support.

Application- "You do I watch" - Students apply the strategy on their own.
The steps!

"I would now like you to take your good fit book and five sticky-notes. As you are reading write down your questions on the sticky-note and put them in your book."
Independent Practice - You do I help
Students now practice the strategy on their own with teacher assistance.
Teacher uses a familiar text to name and demonstrate a new strategy
Model - I do you watch

"Today I would like to talk about something we can do to help us understand what we read. We are going to work on asking good questions. Let me show you how I do it."
The teacher starts to hand over responsibility allowing the class or small group to do the pieces they are able to together.
Guided Practice - I do you help
"Lets read this story together and we can stop and practice asking questions. "
Students use the strategy on their own. Teacher help is minimal.
"You guys are good questioners. I liked what you did. Now as you are reading you may use sticky-notes if you need but don't forget to ask lots of questions.
Anonymous. (2009, January 23). Literacy leader. Retrieved from http://www.literacyleader.com/?q=node/477
Greece Central School District. (n.d.). Gradual release of responsibility model or strategy instruction. Retrieved from http://web001.greece.k12.ny.us/academics.cfm?subpage=1177

Routman, R. (2003). Reading essentials. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Wilhelm, J. (Performer). (2009). Gradual release of responsibility. [Web Video]. Retrieved from
(2011). Gradual release of responsibility. (2011). [Web Video]. Retrieved from
This strategy differentiates well because you model with a text that some but not most student could read on their own, but independent and even guided practice can be done with text at their level. More time can also be spent on guided practice with lower level students and ESL students.
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