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Compound and Complex Sentences

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by

Elizabeth Howard

on 21 October 2012

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Transcript of Compound and Complex Sentences

Building Complex Sentences Using Subordinating Conjunctions What is a complex sentence? Subordinate Subordinating Conjunction Dependent Clause, Independent Clause. Independent Clause Subordinating Conjunction Dependent Clause. Compound Sentences A sentence that contains at least 2 independent clauses.
An Independent clause has a subject and a verb, can stand alone--a simple sentence.

Formed by either:
Using a comma and a coordinating conjunction
OR
Using a semicolon, with or without a conjunctive adverb (such as however, in addition, likewise, nevertheless). If a conjunctive adverb is used, it is followed by a comma. Halloween is my favorite holiday, but I don't like dressing up.
OR
Halloween is my favorite holiday; however, I don't like dressing up. Format for Compound Sentences Independent Clause, Coordinating Conjunction Independent Clause.
Independent Clause; Independent Clause.
Independent Clause; Conjunctive Adverb, Independent Clause. "It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen."
(George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, 1949) "Always go to other people's funerals; otherwise, they won't go to yours."
(Yogi Berra) Compound and Complex Sentences Coordinating Conjunctions
FANBOYS

For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So Compound-Complex Sentences A sentence with 2 or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause using the proper conjunctions (Coordinating and Subordinating).

I like to use a pick when I play the guitar, but I can also use my fingers.

I went to the concert although it was a school night, and even though I was exhausted the next day, it was totally worth it. Why use compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences in your writing? Adds variety.
Makes writing more interesting.
Shows maturity in your writing.
More impressive (on college application, job application, college papers).
All Short sentences = choppy.
All long sentences = tedious to read.
It is important to use a variety of simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences in your writing.
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