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Ancient Roman Legacies

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by

Sarah George

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Roman Legacies

Ancient Roman Legacies Civic Duty Is Hows the Romans Participated in their government. They thought it was their civic duty to take part in empire affairs. They participated in Civic Duty to make sure their city Prospered. What is Civic Duty? By: Shania Davis & Sarah George Civic Duty What were the Romans expected to do? Military - Only Men could serve. They had to be a roman Citizen and had to be at least 20 years old. You were not supposed to be married as a soldier. You had to serve 25 years before retiring and then would be given a gift of land to farm on. Voting - Not every citizen was allowed to vote. Those who were allowed to vote were expected to participate in all elections. The Romans Voted in tribes and centuries. There were 35 tribes. Some of the tribes were : Camilia (Cam.), Fabia (Fab.), Romilia (Rom.), and Sergia (Ser.). Each century or tribe had one vote. They voted on 2 consuls. Consuls were the chairman of the senate and head of the military. Consuls could only serve for one year. Census - Every 5 Years every male Roman citizen had to register to be The censor. The censor was an officer in Ancient Rome the was responsible for maintaining the census, supervising public morality, and overseeing certain aspects of the governments finances. In this they had to declare his wife, children, family, slaves and riches. Through the Republican era, it was the only way a roman's identity and status was recognized. The census primarily served a way to count the number of citizens. How did the civic duty of the Romans benefit society as a whole? It was a benefit because they had men in the army to keep their community safe. They could vote on issues. The Census helped them count the number of citizens and most importantly it transformed their community into a political and military community. It helped their city prosper and keep the community alive and stable. What was the most important civic duty of the Romans? The most important civic duty was the Census. The Census was the most important because it allowed them to count the number of citizens and then know what the population was. The population number helped them know how many citizens there were. With knowing the population it helped them get taxes and city funds paid. Modern Day Connection Modern day example - U.S citizens participating in government. U.S citizens participate in things such as voting, and serving in military and paying taxes. By engaging in it it holds the democratic values of America in The Constitution and Bill of Rights. Some of the values are justice, freedom, equality, diversity, privacy, property, participation, truth, patriotism, human rights, tolerance, and self restraint and respect. Today, we have to pay taxes and bills for things so we are able to have them and also get new things. Circus Maximus What Sport Or Activities Took Place? Inside the Circus Maximus young nobles had chariot races. They raced around a one mile track a total of 7 times for a distance of 7 miles. They were very bloody battles. Up to twelve teams of horses raced at once. They voted to see which color they got either red, blue, white, or green. Many people died during these races. The strategy to winning was to avoid running in too fast. Who attended and what did an average day there look like? Anyone could attend even Romes poor, it was free. Women were allowed to sit with men but it was very unusual. There was over 250,000 seats inside. The ceremonies began with an elaborate procession headed by the dignitary who was the sponsor of the games, followed by the charioteers and teams, musicians and dancers, and priests carrying the statues of the gods and goddesses who were to watch the races. It was originally built out of wood, but it burnt down a few times so they reconstructed it with marble and concrete. It was 600 feet long and 150 feet wide. There was a long barrier that went down the middle of the track. They had stalls for horses that were built with painted wood. The obelisk was 23.70 meter high. They had stone eggs for markers. There was also bronze dolphins. Modern Day Connection Nascar Track A Nascar track is similar to the Circus Maximus because there is grass in the middle and in the Circus Maximus there is a barrier in the middle. Cars will race around the track for so many laps and in the Circus Maximus they raced around 7 times. The cars are different sponsors of different companies or things. The charioteers voted for different colors. In the Circus Maximus the dropped a white cloth to start and in Nascar they wave checkered flag. Roman Latin How was the stadium constructed? What Were Some Specific Characteristics of the Latin Language? Ligatures - 2 or 3 Letters joined together.
There were no articles. Ex: A Statue and The statue would mean the same thing. There is no difference. Also they placed adjectives after nouns instead of before them. The Latin Alphabet consisted of 23 letters. It has 3 distinct genders, 7 noun cases, 4 verb conjunctions, 6 tenses, 3 persons, 3 moods, 2 voices, 2 aspects, and 2 numbers. How Does Latin "Work"? Latin has both prefixes and Suffixes. The prefixes are : Co, de, dis, inter, non, post, pre, re, sub, and trans. The suffixes are : Able , ible, ation, fy, ify, ment, ty, and ity. At first there was no lowercase letters. The letters K, Y, and Z were only used for writing in the greek origin. The Letters J, U, and W were later added on to write languages other than Latin. J is a variant of I, U is a variant of V, and W was introduced as a 'double-v' to make a distinction between the sounds we know as 'v' and 'w' which was unnecessary in Latin.
Six tenses- Present, Imperfect, Future, Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect.
Roots - Dict, duc, gress, ject, pel, pend, port, scrib/script, tract, and vert. What Was The Purpose Of Having A Language System? With the language system, The Romans were able to communicate with others outside of their civilization. Latin was spoken if other areas in separate languages. These areas include , Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. After the Roman's conquered Europe, the Latin language spread throughout the area. With conquering other areas, they would be able to spread the language. Enduring Impact Latin had a big influence on the English language. The English Alphabet Is based of of the Latin Alphabet. Also, English has tenses like the Latin alphabet. The tenses English has that Latin also has are Present and Future tense. English also has many of the Latin prefixes and suffixes. Catholic Churches also has a Latin influence in the Prayers, Readings, and Songs.
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