Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


The Elizabethan Era - Historical Background

No description

Annabelle N.

on 11 May 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Elizabethan Era - Historical Background

Economy - in general
- living in the country
- living in the cities
- conclusion Society social structure
conditions for social status and position The Elizabethan Era
Shakespeare's Historical Background Queen Elizabeth I. ruled from the late 1500s to the early 1600s
William Shakespeare lived during her reign

1. Society
2. Culture
3. Economy
4. Politics
5. Religion Politics Religion Culture changes in general
literature Protestantism VS. Catholicism Protestants Catholics Bible is written in English
The mass is hold in English

Priests are normal people and live ordinary lives

People can communicate with God without a priest or the Pope

Only God can forgive sins

Churches should be plain, no celebration of God Bible and Church Services are in Latin, because it had always been so

Priests and the Pope were the link between God and the population

Priests were in a higher position than normal people, they are celibate

Priests can forgive sins (by receiving gifts)

Mass, as a celebration of God with an elaborate decoration (candles, the altar, ...)
14-16th centuries: break with feudal mode of living, aristocratic landowners lost their power which led to the improvement of the citizens' position
ideas of Renaissance were welcomed
now: optimism and humanist spirit
people started to travel around
before Renaissance: bad image of Britain
after: nation of commercial power and influence In general: Music: music was varied and more delightful
comedy and tragedy plays were accompanied by music to make the play more lively
new school of music: English Madrigal School
copies or translations of Italian musical
works Architecture: important elements: symmetry, proportion, geometry, regularity
influenced by the Italian architecture
new sorts of wood were used to make furniture Literature: English literature became a literature of first order
poets revived or reinvented classical traditions of Greeks and Romans
certain expectations for each poetry genre
chief aim of Renaissance English verse: to abstract beauty and truth in words
English Court life influenced literature
for artists, it was difficult to earn money: system of patronage
1567: 'Red Lion' first commercial playhouse
detractors of the theater (Puritans belonged to them) Social Structure monarch

Gentlemen (nobility knights

Landholding Commoners (freeholders leaseholders copyholders)

independent farmers (yeomen husbandmen)

townsfolk & merchants (townsfolk, masters journeymen

employees (labourers cottagers servants)

the poor & unemployed esquires clergy) Conditions for Social Status and Position boundaries between upper classes and the wealthier professional class became ambiguous
institution of primogeniture: The whole of the real estate of an intestate passes to the eldest son (feudal rule of inheritance).
many men moved downward from nobility into empowered
merchant class, possibility to obtain their own wealth
- better sorts: noblemen, gentlemen, yeomen
- meaner sorts: husbandmen, artisans, labourers
citizens and merchants could belong to either category depending upon income, rank in society, profession, age, local reputation
traditional criteria of status were beginning to fade
clothing proclamation in 1562: to keep some order one could only wear determined styles for one's class level Christianity as main religion:
Two branches: Protestantism and Catholicism: conflicts
Queen Elizabeth I. accepted both Catholicism and Protestantism, although she believed in Protestantism
Puritans as another radical Protestant group
two acts: - Act of Supremacy
- Act of Uniformity

The Protestant Church of England became independent from Rome How Elizabeth ascended the throne
Elizabeth's politics in general
Political Structure
Political Issues Political Structure Monarch
- rules personally
- makes ultimate decisions
- can veto any law

Privy Council
- advisers of the Queen
- assists in political decisions
- primary function: administration

- House of Lords
- House of Commons
- no continual sessions
- primary functions: legislation, taxation In general - England's industrial products and techniques
not as good as in other nations in Europe

- the economy depended on other countries
for certain products

- resources: coal, tin, iron, lead and wood

- good harbours which made it easy to trade

- very diverse economy Conclusion - until the beginning of the sixteen
things did not get better
economically for most people

- Britain became a powerful and
wealthy nation

- in the 19th century
the British Empire = the largest
empire in the world Living in the country agriculture
- most of the population were involved in
-> the majority rented land from big land
owners to farm

- landowners with a lot of land made profit
- small landowners were losing money
-> decided to breed sheep; wool had become
the chief product

as a result: farmers were out of work and went
to the cities looking for a job Living in the cities
- typical jobs were craftsmen and tradesmen;
they were needed to make finished products
(furniture, clothes,shoes)

- market towns: 500 to 5000 people
-> cost of clothing (...) were expensive
bought old clothes/items, fixed them up
and resell them at markets
-> also sell foods that they grew

- big towns: 8 percent of the population,
over 5000 people
--> London: - biggest city in England
- located in the south east (richer
section of England)
- 90 percent of England`s foreign
trade was composed through the
- centre for business How Elizabeth ascended the throne born 1533
daughter of Henry VIII. & his second wife Anne Boleyn
1491- 1547: Henry VIII.
1547- 1553: Edward VI.
1553- 1558: Mary I.
1558: Elizabeth I. ascended the throne

Beginning of the Elizabethan era Political Issues succession to the throne
Elizabeth I. never married
no heir to continue the Tudor line

conflict with Spain
Anglo- Spanish War 1585- 1604
invasion of the Spanish Armada 1588 Elizabeth's politics in general more moderate in government than her father and half-siblings had been
relatively tolerant in religion
cautious in foreign affairs
long reign provided welcome stability for the kingdom
helped forge a sense of national identity
Full transcript