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Figurative Language: Metaphors & Similes

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by

Courtney Wilkinson

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language: Metaphors & Similes

Figurative Language
RW 1.1
5. The seven-layer sandwich resembled a skyscraper. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
6. The news was as unpleasant as a dose of cough medicine. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
7. The bathrobe was softer than a puppy’s fur. (simile / metaphor)
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
8. When it comes to keeping secrets, Harry is a chattering parrot. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 

9. “That pile of dirty laundry is a science experiment,” my mother complained. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
10. My plan to raise money for the French club turned out to be as popular as a sardine-and cinnamon
pizza. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________

Identify and understanding similes and metaphors in literary text.
Step 1: Read the text.
Step 2: Circle the two subjects being compared.
Step 3: If “like” or “as” is used, underline that.
Step 4: Determine the figurative meaning of the simile or metaphor


1. The classroom was a hive of worker bees. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
2. Traveling to other countries is like trying on other lives. (simile / metaphor)
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
3. Getting my little sister dressed for school is more complicated than a rocket launch. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 
 
4. My grandfather’s hands are roadmaps of wrinkles. (simile / metaphor)
 
meaning: ______________________________
 


Helps you better understand literature.

Your writing becomes stronger when similes and metaphors are used.

CST asks you to identify different types of figurative language and similes and metaphors are types you will need to know.
Why this works: Brian is not actually a wall, but he a wall are similar because they don’t let any of the balls get past them.
Why this works: You are comparing Amy and Lightning in terms of their speed. You aren’t actually saying she is a bolt of lightning.
Decide what letter best represents the meaning of each comparison:

1. She ate like a pig.
a. She’s messy
b. She is a farm animal.

2. They ran as fast as lightening.
a. There was a storm coming.
b. They are quick.

3. He’s my rock.
a. He’s made of granite.
b.He’s always there for me.

Identify and understanding similes and metaphors in literary text.

Step 1: Read the text.

Step 2: Circle the two subjects being compared.

Step 3: If “like” or “as” is used, underline that.

Step 4: Determine the figurative meaning of the simile or metaphor

Why this works: Ed is not actually a bear, but he has unusual strength that could be similar to a bear’s.
Why this works: You are comparing Bobby to an animal saying that he played very aggressive you aren’t actually calling him an animal.
We will identify and understand similes and metaphors in text.

Learning Objective
Example: Simile
Definition: Figurative Language is the way of saying one thing and meaning something else.

Similes are a comparison between two unlike things using the word "like" or "as".
Metaphors are a comparison between two unlike things NOT using the words "like" or "as".
Characteristics
The literal meaning differs from the figurative meaning.
Examples:

Simile:
Bobby played like an animal.
Amy was as fast as lightning.

Metaphor:
We would have had more pizza if Tammy wasn't such a hog.

Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net.
Non-examples:

Simile:
The desk is like a table.
She likes him.

Metaphor:
The sunset was beautiful.
Example: Simile
Example: Metaphor
Example: Metaphor
Bobby played like an animal.
Amy was as fast as lightning.
Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis
ball back over the net.
Ed has the strength of a bear.
1. What is a simile?

2. What is a metaphor?

3. Why is it important that we are able to identify similes and metaphors?
Closure
Do Now
Similes and Metaphors
Tomorrow:
Analogies!
Full transcript