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Elie Wiesel - Night
Transcript of Elie Wiesel - Night
by Elie Wiesel But first, a look into the life of Elie Wiesel... Never Forget... Jewish Isolation winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986
born in the provincial town of Sighet, Romania on September 30, 1928
1944 - Wiesel and his family were transported to the death camps of Poland
only Wiesel and his two sisters survived when they were liberated from Auschwitz - Buchenwald by the American Third Army in 1945 The Holocaust refers to the period from January 30th, 1933 when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, to May 8th, 1945 when the war in Europe ended
During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsh persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities Elie Wiesel - Age 15 As a child, he witnessed the darkness of evil, the Holocaust
He was silent for 10 years after his escape from a concentration camp
He could not condemn the Holocaust victims to a second death by staying silent
In order for history not to repeat itself, we must talk about it and confront it
This text is an account of his boyhood experience
We will study this text to learn about the human potential for evil and guard against it, to see the seeds of prejudice and racism, to teach compassion, love, and respect for the miracle of life and to teach you about survival of the human spirit The Nazis combined their racial theories with the evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin - "Survival of the Fittest"
The Germans, as the strongest and the fittest, were destined to rule, while the weak and racially adulterated Jews were doomed to extinction
The Nuremberg Laws enacted on September 15, 1935 formed the legal basis for Jewish exclusion from German society along with burning books written by Jews, removing Jews from their professions and public schools, confiscating their businesses and properties and excluding them from public events In June 1941, Germany attacked the Soviet Union and began the "Final Solution". Four mobile killing groups were fomed called the "Einsatzgruppen". Each group gathered Jews town by town, marched them to huge pits dug earlier, stripped them, lined them up, and shot them with automatic weapons. The dead and dying would fall into the pits to be burined in mass graves. The Final Solution By the spring of 1942, the Nazis had established six killing centres (death camps) in Poland: Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Maidanek and Auschwitz. All were located near railway lines so that Jews could be easily transported daily. The purpose of these camps varied: some were slave labour camps, some transit camps, and some the notorious death camps. All of the camps were intolerably brutal. The Final Solution Continued... The camps were liberated gradually, as the Allies advanced on the German army. At the end of the war, between 50,000 and 100,000 Jewish survivors were living in three zones of occupation: America, Britain and the Soviet. Within a year, the figure grew to about 200,000. THe total number of 6 million Jews murdered during the Holocaust, which emerged from the Nuremberg trials, is also an estimate. Liberation As you watch the following video, take note of the disturbing images being presented to you. Unfortunately, this was a reality for many people. This is the Holocaust Memorial located in Berlin, Germany. The memorial is 4.7 acres in size and there are 2711 concrete slabs of varying height. The memorial aims to produce an uneasy, confusing atmosphere and it's overall goal is to prove how easy it is to lose touch with human reason. Beneath the memorial is a Holocaust museum. One of Germany's first Concentration Camps My Visit to Dachau Can you find the innocent prisoner who is the same in both pictures? Here, prisoners were stripped, beaten, raped and forced to comply to instructions. The uniform... Torture devices... Common barracks - no privacy, common rooms, barracks became smaller and smaller as times passed on and more people were brought to the camps. Living conditions were unsanitary, let me explain... Choose one of the images you saw today which touched you in a personal way. Spend some time thinking about the implication of that image.
What might have happened before or after the picture was taken? How does that make you feel? Are you angry or indifferent?
Write a reflection on the implications of this image. Holocaust Information and Images: A Reflection