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Plot - 8th Grade (Flowers for Algernon)
Transcript of Plot - 8th Grade (Flowers for Algernon)
Flowers for Algernon
Freytag's Plot Model
Gustav Freytag was a German novelist who saw common patterns in the plots of stories and developed a diagram to show the pattern
(introduction) DESIGNED TO HOOK THE READER!!!
Climax = OMG
The introduction or background information of the story
Readers get acquainted with the main character
It moves the plot along!
Builds to the climax.
Here, the protagonist is typically working to accomplish something.
Marred with complications, complex twists and turns
Follow characters through their problems
-The turning point;
the moment which determines remainder of the story (Grinch had a decision to make, Scrooge had a decision to make)
-(often the most exciting part or part with most tension)
-can be difficult for readers to find as people have varying opinions (think Turning Point over Exciting)
The resolution; the final outcome of the story is determined
It's all DOWNHILL FROM HERE. Loose ends are being tied up. Things in the story start to fall into place.
* in the exposition.
* something happens to set the story in motion
* It is your first introduction to the major conflict, or obstacle, in the story.
What do we mean by short story?
short story: short piece of fiction
ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY : MAIN INGREDIENTS
5. plot-the sequence of events that occur in a piece of literature
So let's focus on the parts of plot...
1a. Inciting Incident
2. Rising Action
4. Falling Action
What do you remember about O'Henry?
Listen for O'Henry's secrets on writing a good short story.
We are going to read O'Henry's short story, The Ransom of Red Chief.
1. Identify theme.
2. Where is O'Henry in this? His purpose?
3. Place story events on plot diagram.
Post-Reading : Goals Revisted
1. What is the theme?
2. Where do you see O'Henry in this?
3. What is O'Henry's purpose?
4. Let's place story events on a plot diagram!
5. Let's watch the movie!
6. Let's take a quiz!
It's Helpful to MAP the plot out as you read.
The Plot of a story looks like a roller coaster if you laid it out...
From this point on, as you read you will need to consider the plot carefully...identifying story events and where they would be placed on plot diagram/roller coaster.
Let's Review Plot...
Watch this 7 minute video. Take notes. You'll be quizzed on this!
We are going to read a story about a man named Charlie who is mentally challenged. Charlie has a very very low IQ and is considered mentally delayed.
IQ = Intelligence Quotient
There are several types of IQ tests, which are standardized tests. These tests are said to tell how intelligent a person is. THOUGHTS?
In the past, IQ tests were the ONLY indicators of intelligence. THOUGHTS?
They were developed by psychologists. THOUGHTS?
How do you do on tests and quizzes? Do you think tests and quizzes completely measure your intelligence?
Over 140 - Genius or almost genius
120 - 140 - Very superior intelligence
110 - 119 - Superior intelligence
90 - 109 - Average or normal intelligence
80 - 89 - Dullness
70 - 79 - Borderline deficiency in intelligence
Under 70 - Feeble-mindedness
Let's view a sample IQ test problem. If this were an actual test, how you did on this question would be an indicator of how intelligent you are.
To do this, you will need six coins. Arrange them on your desk in the following manner, and then put up your test folder so your answer is kept private.
Watch as the video tells you what problem to solve with your coins. Do your own work, and keep quiet.
This was just one question, but it would help determine how intelligent you are!
How many of you, from this question only, are not smart?
In addition to using the IQ tests, psychologists use the RORSCHACH INKBLOT TEST. This is where a person is shown a series of inkblots. They are told to look at the inkblots and tell what they see. What they see will determine not only how bright the person is but what kind of person they are....
kind, loving, sinful, guilty, demented etc.
So let's take a Rorschach Test!
Get out a piece of paper and without skipping lines, number from 1 through 7. As each inkblot is shown, write what you first see. Be quick about it!
DISCUSS RESULTS....WHAT DID YOU SEE??
NOTHING! WERE YOU NOT ABLE TO SEE ANYTHING?
AND SO WITH THE IQ TEST AND THE RORSCHACH TEST, PSYCHOLOGISTS WERE ABLE TO TELL HOW INTELLIGENT A PERSON WAS IN ADDITION TO IDENTIFYING WHAT TYPE OF PERSON HE/SHE WAS.
MUCH LATER ON, AN EDUCATOR NAMED HOWARD GARDNER CAME ALONG. HE SAID, "THIS IS WHACK!!! ONE TEST CANNOT DETERMINE IF A PERSON IS SMART OR NOT! SMART DOES NOT SIMPLY MEAN DOES WELL ON TESTS! THERE ARE LOTS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF SMART!!"
HE CALLED THIS THE
THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES!
Here are the TYPES OF INTELLIGENCES
-Musical - Rhythmic
-Visual - Spatial
-Mathematical - Logical
Let's take a quick survey to see HOW YOU ARE SMART!!!
Not ARE YOU SMART...
But HOW ARE YOU SMART....
Because this theory of intelligence says that every person in the world is smart in some way! This totally blows the IQ and Rorschach tests out of the water!!
Teacher- Distribute Multiple Intelligences Survey
So HOW are you smart? What are your thoughts about your results?
Why should you know your results? (I use my results in everything I do!!)
Let's stand together with the people that came up with the same results!
What are your thoughts about MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES in genera.?
Let's Listen To A Song!
Let's watch this trailer based on the story we will be reading...
Algernon = mouse
Charlie = our main character (is deemed mentally deficient, very low IQ, "retarded" = delayed)
OUR READING GOALS:
-theme of story (textual
-plot events on a diagram
-Is the experiment ethical?
-Did the experiment help or hurt Charlie?
-character trait revealed through dialogue (textual evidence)
AUTHOR- DANIEL KEYES
-born in New York but moved to Southern Florida after college
-worked on a ship for awhile
-went to Brooklyn college and majored in
ology (HOW DID THIS AFFECT HIS WRITING?)
-after college, took on jobs as: fiction writer, fashion photographer, English teacher
-wrote Flowers for Algernon which won many awards and is still studied in classes today, particularly psychology classes
Flowers for Algernon
later became a very popular movie
-died in June, 2014
Post - Reading Discussion:
1. Did you like the story? What do you think was the author's tone? Your mood?
2. Best part? Worst part? Most cringe-worthy part?
3. Did you feel badly for Charlie?
4. What character did you like? Dislike? Why?
1. Assign Rorschach Poem
2. Quick Independent Quiz
3. Watch MOVIE
4. Complete "Flowers For Algernon" graded assignments
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