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Culture of Peace
Transcript of Culture of Peace
What is peace?
Peace is an occurrence of harmony characterized by the lack of violence, conflict behaviors and the freedom from fear of violence.
Peace is a time without any
fights or wars. In a larger sense, peace can mean a state of harmony, quiet or calm that is not disturbed by anything at all, like a still pond with no ripples.
Because the government controls a large proportion of a country’s resources, it has a major impact on
the well-being of individuals through how well and fairly it is run. This might mean the difference between having access to land, water, social security, education, and having rules which are favorable to operating a business.
8 Pillars of Peace
"The Pillars of Peace" is a new conceptual framework for understanding and describing the factors associated with a peaceful society.
Sound business environment
A sound business environment is crucial to peace. Business provides employment, which is instrumental in providing a viable taxation base. It is important in to providing both individuals and communities with means to peacefully, equitably and efficiently share a country’s resources.
Equitable distribution of resources
Refers to income distribution but more importantly to whether there is equity and access to resources such as education and health. The UN’s Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) correlates with the Global Peace Index (GPI) and even more strongly with the GPI’s internal peace measure.
Acceptance of the rights of others
A category designed to include both the formal institutions that ensure basic rights and freedom as well as the informal, social, and cultural norms that relate to the behaviors of citizens. These factors relate to tolerance between the different ethnic, linguistic, religious, and socio-economic groups within a country
Good relations with neighbors
Refers to the relationship between individuals, communities and states. While this pillar is expected to be strongly linked to the acceptance of the rights of others, it is different as it measures the quality of relationships between the constituent groups within the country and the quality of the relations with its neighboring countries.
Free flow of information
Accurate and well-distributed information underpins the free market, improves human capital, provides transparency of government decisions and improves judicial and government decisions. The measures for the free flow of information capture how easily citizens can gain access to information, including whether the media is free and independent, as well as the extent to which citizens are informed.
High levels of education
Education is the key to uniting nations, bringing us closely together. In many parts of the world, civil society suffers because of situations of violent conflicts and war. Through education, we teach children not to hate, we raise leaders to act with wisdom and compassion, and lastly, we establish a true, lasting culture of peace.
Low levels of corruption
In societies with high corruption, resources are inefficiently allocated, often leading to a lack of funding for essential services. The resulting inequality can lead to civil unrest and in extreme situations can be the catalyst for more violence. Low corruption, by contrast, can enhance confidence and trust in institutions, which in turn helps to create informal institutions that enhance peace.
It is the first empirical framework aimed at measuring positive peace, which can be understood as the structures, attitudes and institutions that move society towards resolving conflict in a non-violent way.
Pillars are both interdependent and mutually reinforcing, meaning that the relative strength of any one Pillar has the potential to either positively or negatively influence peace.
1. freedom from disturbance; quiet and tranquility.
2. freedom from or the cessation of war or violence.
The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' and regions' peacefulness. Factors examined include internal factors such as levels of violence and crime within the country and factors in a country's external relations such as military expenditure and wars. The list was launched first in May 2007, then continued yearly.
Internal civil conflict has placed the Philippines on the list of “least peaceful” countries in the region.
Peace is one of the most important human experiences. If you don't have peace, then you're not able to appreciate whatever else you do have. In fact, you may not even be able to recognize the good in your life because you have not recognized the good in yourself—yet. Here are a few things that may be getting your way.
You mistake peace for unconsciousness
You mistake peace for happiness
You keep looking ahead (or looking back)
You strain away from the present moment
You don't fully trust... yet
Sometimes people feel peaceful when they become very tired. Others think that peace is what you feel after having a few drinks or taking drugs. It's the opposite. It's a state of heightened aliveness, when we become more conscious rather than less, and this requires an awareness of the kinds of thoughts that habitually go through your mind.
Many people think of happiness as a goal, something you're working toward that will eventually make you feel good or at peace with your life. You feel happy leaving for vacation. But very often the vacation doesn't turn out the way it's supposed to. In all of these cases, the happiness is temporary. After a while it subsides, and then, quite often, you'll even feel suddenly low. Because happiness isn't peace.
All too often there is something that hasn't happened yet (or something that has happened already), which seems to prevent you from inner peace. There's the job you haven't gotten or the job you lost. There's the child you haven't had or the child that you used to be. But ultimately these are misperceptions; ultimately it's your mind keeping you from peace, especially the thoughts that you have over and over.
Not only does our mind strain away from the calm of the present moment, it also judges and interprets such a moment—usually negatively. In other words, your thoughts are making you unhappy. When you change this habit, you will stop resisting what is happening in your life. You can become friendly with the present moment and find an opening into the spiritual dimension.
The old religious word for this kind of trust is "faith." Some Christians would say they have faith in God, some would say they have faith in a higher power, but whatever name people chose, they are talking about that which underlies all life. Peace comes from this trust. Peace comes from being aligned with the present moment. Wherever you are, you feel that you are home—because you are home.
So, why aren't you at peace right now?
All human beings inherently want to be in a state which is free of stress, anxiety and struggle. There is a deep knowing within us that life is supposed to be good, it’s supposed be joyful, peaceful and loving.
However, our day to day experiences seem to indicate otherwise in that there are always things to worry about and struggle with. How can I be peaceful and be in a state of relaxed joy when I have a “life” to deal with, is a question most people seem to be asking within themselves.
The secret lies in the simple instruction of “let go” that most spiritual teachers point to. Here are a few pointers on how to attain peace and joy in our day to day life.
Let Go of Your Argument With Life
It’s important to understand that life works in “totality” or wholeness. A human mind can only look at life in the form of “events”, which are usually out of context from the bigger picture of life. It’s not possible for the mind to figure out “why” something happened the way it happened. Let go of arguing with life, because you will never win the argument. Life belongs to life, not to the mind.
Don’t Resist Change, Allow It
It’s quite normal for the mind to become attached to familiar circumstances, and it’s always afraid of change. This habit of the mind to cling to circumstances is also the reason for its constant fear of loss. Life by its very nature is in a state of expansion or movement, always. Nothing remains the same for the long, everything changes. If you don’t resist this movement of change and you will notice that it’s all working for the better.
Find Happiness Within, Not Without
If you want to be in a peaceful state of being, you need to find the peace which never leaves you, the peace which is the very nature of the being that you are. Stop trying to find peace from external objects or circumstances. Everything physical is bound to change and hence can never give you a sense of peace if you are attached to it. The being that you are is always the same, it’s not changing, and it’s always at peace. Find your inner peace, by knowing who you really are.
Stop Trying to Succeed
Success can never be attained through struggle. If you achieve something through a lot of struggle, and effort, you can be sure that the end result will bring forth more struggles into your life. It’s an illusion to believe that you can attain happiness by “working hard” at achieving something. True abundance comes when you let go of struggle and allow life to bring you the circumstances that are most natural to you.
Let Life Create Your Reality
The root of all suffering is the desire for life to work the way you “want” it to work. The mind always wants to control life and hence it’s always living in conflict. If you want to attain a peaceful state of being, you need to let go of this “need” to manipulate life, and let life move the way it wants to move. The mind can never win against life; it can only struggle with life creating suffering for itself.
Surrender to the Well-Being that Life Wants to Bring You
Minds are very afraid of the word “surrender”. The truth however is that you realize your true freedom when you surrender your personal will and let life’s will operate through you. Life is a stream of well-being and by its very nature it always moves towards love, joy and peace. You are not surrendering to something terrible, but to something extremely loving and benevolent.
Let Go of Your Need to Know
The mind always wants to “know” how things are going to work out. Since there is no way of knowing it, the mind then starts to find means of securing its future through “pseudo” means of security. The paradox is that you come to deep security when you embrace, or surrender, to the inherent insecurity or uncertainty of life. Let go of trying to know, and let life bring you the knowing as and when it’s truly needed in the now.
If you want to be peaceful you have to let go of being driven by the mind’s will. The mind is a conglomeration of external conditioning, and it operates purely through fear of survival. Life on the other hand is pure intelligence and works in wholeness. When you surrender to the movement of life and let your body be moved by this energy, you will experience peace, love and joy every moment of your existence.
Human and Morality