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Pierre Bourdieu

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Jessica Decker

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Pierre Bourdieu

Pierre Bourdieu
French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher
Conscripted into the French army and was taught ethnographic research to aid in the Algerian War. This later laid the groundwork for his interest in anthropology
Because of his service in the French army, he could have attended the prestigious Reserve Officer's College, but declined saying he "wished to stay with people from [his] own modest social background".
After the war, he gained a teaching position which launched his career in sociology.
Bourdieu eventually took over the Centre de Sociologie Européenne, which he directed until his death

Bourdieu built on the ideas of Marx, Weber, and Pascal by looking at power relations in social life, and explaining the existence and perpetuation of social relationships in terms of CAPITAL

"Actual or potential resources... linked to... a durable network..."
(Sadovnick p. 88)

Who you know and how you know them

Social Capital
Not mentioned in the book, but developed later in life
Symbolic Capital
Economic Capital
Command over economic resources, namely, money
Capital
Forms of knowledge, skills, education, and advantages that a person has, which give them a higher status in society
Cultural Capital
Prestige and honor
The reputation that you have
Bourdieu believes the purpose of education is to gain cultural capital
Social
Education
Embodied Cultural Capital
Objectified Cultural Capital
Institutionalized Cultural Capital
Embodied Cultural Capital
Learning how to become educated
hidden curriculum
how to research
critical thinking and reasoning

Objectified Cultural Capital
Any possession you have as a result of your embodied cultural capital


Institutionalized Cultural Capital
degrees and credentials
Weaknesses of Bourdieu’s Forms of Capital
Lack of clarity and operationalization in his forms of capital

Theory explains why differences exist, but offers no solutions
Strengths of Bourdieu's Form of Capital
Effectively explains and describes how differences in social relationships are created

Shows how inequality is not just monetarily based
Sources
Cultural capital. (2013, July 07). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_capital

Sandovnik, Alan . Sociology of Education . 2nd ed. 1. New York : Routledge, 2011. 83-95. Print.

Sullivan, A. 2002. ‘Bourdieu and Education: How Useful is Bourdieu’s Theory for Researchers?’ Netherlands Journal of Social Sciences. 38(2) 144-166.
Full transcript