Transcript of English Civil War Timeline
By Amy F English Civil War Timeline Magna Carta: 1215 The Magna Carta was a charter which guaranteed the English people certain civil rights. It recognized individual freedoms. It required the king to rule properly, consulting with a Parliament. It was signed in 1215. Divine Right of Kings: 1603 The Divine Right of Kings explained that being king came from God, and that they were God’s representatives on earth. They believed that they could do anything they wanted. James I: 1603 James I was a king over England. He had been king of Scotland before becoming King of England, so he had a Scottish accent. He believed in the divine rights of kings. His habits were slovenly. He was a smart man, but he sometimes did the wrong thing. He didn’t make a good impression on his subjects. He acted too much like a tyrant. He was always short of money. He delighted in angering the Puritans. Charles I: 1625-1649 He believed in the Divine Right of Kings. he was a very stubborn man who was unwilling to compromise. He didn’t keep Parliament on his side. He loved art and fine possessions. He was always looking for money, and new ways to get money. He had a court called the Court of Star chamber, in which people didn’t have any rights. He did a lot of illegal stuff. The Petition of Rights: 1628 The petition of rights was an English document. It set out specific rules for the king. It contained rules regarding non-parliamentary taxation, forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause, etc. The Short and Long Parliament: 1640 The short Parliament was a parliament that Charles I had set up, but it was shut down in 3 weeks. The long Parliament was the parliament that had been ruling for a long time. The Rump Parliament: 1642 When the civil war began, lots of people left the Parliament to fight. Left in Parliament were the Presbyterians and Puritans. They disagreed about a lot of things. So, the Puritans got the parliamentary army, led by colonel Pride to get rid of all the Presbyterian members in the Parliament. the “rump parliament” was made up of just Puritans. They charged Charles I with treason and put him on trial for his life. Charles I invades Parliament: 1642 Charles I thought that if he could arrest the radical parliamentary leaders, he could regain control of the country, charging them as traitors. He led 500 soldiers into the House of Commons and tried to arrest the leaders. The parliament leaders were warned before, so they escaped and parliament called for an army. It was clear to everyone that Charles I was going to make war on the parliament and their leaders. The Civil War: 1642-1651 A civil war is when people in a country fight each other. The king, Charles I, began a conflict on a windy moor near Nottingham. He hoped to regain power of his kingdom, but he ended up tearing his kingdom apart. Charles I was successful at first, but in a while, the Parliament got together a group. Oliver Cromwell was the leader of the New Model Army who overcame Charles and defeated him. The New Model Army: 1645-1660 The New model army was made when parliament made an alliance with the Scottish people. Oliver Cromwell led the new model army against Charles I and his army and defeated him. The Trial of Charles I: 1649 Charles I, the king, was charged with treason and making war on his people. He was up against all the Puritan people who were mad at him. He was on trial for his life. the Puritans wanted to end the monarchy. After a long trial, he was found guilty and sentenced to be killed. The Lord Protector: 1650 the lord protector was the same thing as a military dictator. Oliver Cromwell became the Lord protector. He set up major generals to rule certain territories of the country. Oliver’s military dictatorship was very unpopular. Oliver Cromwell didn’t like it either. He had fought against the dictator-like powers of the king, but now he was acting like a dictator. Blue Laws: 1650 the blue laws were a set of strict laws. Calvinist (Puritan) blue laws didn’t allow “pagan” ceremonies, such as Christmas. They forbade any type of entertainment. The Restoration: 1660 After Oliver Cromwell died, general Monk recalled the Long Parliament. He thought he should do this or else civil war would break out again. He invited Charles II to become the king of England. A lot of people liked this. Parliament wanted Charles II to rule as a constitutional monarch. Charles agreed, but secretly, he planned to get back all the power his father had lost. He tried to influence who was elected in the parliament. He did illegal things like bribed and blackmailed. Not long after Charles became king, the Blue Laws were abolished. England now had back their entertainment. Life returned to the way it had before. The Test Act: 1673 The test act was an law that didn’t let anyone except members of the Church of England to hold political office or enter any professions. The Glorious Revolution: 1688 After the death of Charles II, his successor, James II, was Catholic, but the Parliament didn’t like that. He did not compromise very much at all. He believed in the Divine Rights of Kings. He gave high offices to Catholics, regardless of the Test Act law that was passed. rebellions broke out against James II. James II instituted a reign of terror. His courts executed so many people. Parliament was so distressed because of the king. They asked Mary and her husband William of Orange (Mary was James’ daughter) to become king and queen of England. they agreed. This was known as the glorious revolution because it was the first time that parliament had picked the monarch and it hadn’t been because of hereditary rights. The Divine Right of Kings was now dead. Mary and William agreed to another set of laws called the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights: 1689 The bill of rights was a document that made it clear that parliament was the real government of the country. It is also the roots for our rights we have in Canada. It was signed in 1689. Bibliography: http://hdw.eweb4.com/out/742147.htmlFull transcript
Cranny, Michael. Crossroads: a meeting of nations. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, Inc., 1998. Print.
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