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Egyptian Revolution

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isis amon

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Egyptian Revolution

The Egyptian Revolution Background Information
Started: January 25, 2011
Ended/Victory: February 11, 2011
President: Hosni Mubarak
Population: 80,000 -Not one of the most populous Arab countries
Located: Cairo Egypt Major Groups Major Groups/People
- The Free Officers
Formed the Revolutionary Command(RCC)
Supervise Egypt and Sudan after the Revolution 1952
Had to resign due to conflict over land
-Armed Forces
Gave itself control over legislation and national budget
Also the right to appoint a new constitution and immunity from democratic oversight
- President Honsi Mubarak
President of Egypt
Made people very angry and was said to forget about the poor
-Mohammed Hussein Tantawi
Egypt's defense minister of the Supreme Council
of the Armed Forces How it Started
On Facebook, two groups organized an event on January 25, to protest against the government
Inspired by Tunisian counterpart .
On day one it is said that millions of workers, poor peasants, poor housewives and all sectors of society took part in the mobilizations across the country.
Poor and working class people wanted democratic reforms, social justice, and the country's wealth Short Term effects
- stand-still in a few major sectors of the economy
ex: Tourism
- Price on goods raised
- Stock Market have experienced paralysis
- Harder transportation/ Hard to get around places
-Low rate of labor productivity Long term effects:
Decline on profits
-In fact the largest bank in Egypt announced a 11% decline
Economy not as strong
Financial problems
Back markets How it ends
President Hussein Mubarak fell out of control, was no longer the president, and had to leave the country Time Line
January 2011
25th: "Day of Revolt"
26th: Egypt withdrew the internet
27th: Prepared for the "Friday of Rage"
28th: The Friday of Rage
29th: Military presence in Cairo increased
30th: Egyptian airforce F-16s flew over Tahrir Square
31st: "The March of the Millions"
February
1st: Mubarak made a televised address after continuing protest
2nd: "Battle of the Camel"
3rd: Gunmen fire on anti-government protestors (10 killed, 830 injured)
4th: "Friday of Departure"
6th: Egyptian Christians held Sunday mass in Tahrir Square
7th: Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported that Mubarak set up two commities to change the constitution
8th: Egyptians staged largest protest, Vice President Suleiman said Egypt had time for a peaceful transfer of power
9th: Clashes between security forces and about 3,000 protestors in the western province of New Valley, South of Cairo
10th: Mubarak addressed Egypt amind speculation of military coup
11th: Friday of Departure, Mubarak ceding power to Suleiman, At 6:00 pm Suleiman announced Mubarak resignation Video On Egyptian Revolution
This video shows you how furious and determined the protestors were during the Egyptian Revolution

www.youtube,com/watch?v=-HGfFyqJMrk Work Cited http://www.aolnews.com/2011/02/10/whos-who-the-key-players-in-egyptian-revolution/
http://english.al-akhbar.com/node/10193
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12441512
http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2011/07/31/call_to_arms/
http://www.eurweb.com/2011/02/report-egyptian-president-hosni-mubarak-will-not-seek-re-election/ Work Cited
http://www.aolnews.com/2011/02/10/whos-who-the-key-players-in-egyptian-revolution/
http://globalvoicesonline.org/specialcoverage/2011-special-coverage/egypt-protests-2011/
http://english.al-akhbar.com/node/10193
http://www.eurweb.com/2011/02/report-egyptian-president-hosni-mubarak-will-not-seek-re-election/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12441512
http://socialistworker.org/2011/03/30/spring-of-the-revolution
http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/economists-say-egypt%E2%80%99s-revolution-could-lead-long-term-growth
https://www.carnegieendowment.org/2011/03/17/egypt-s-revolution-struggles-to-take-shape/62k
http://www.isreview.org/issues/79/feature-egyptianrevolution.shtml
http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/35d3de00-35bf-4b6c-be54-323828feec50
http://www.ucg.org/news-and-prophecy/egypts-revolution-will-it-unsettle-middle-east/
newmatilda.com/2012/06/12/end-egypts-revolution
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/t/mohammed_hussein_tantawi/index.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/19/opinion/the-betrayal-of-egypts-revolution.html
http://www.egyptindependent.com/opinion/united-states-do-egyptian-revolution-favor-mind-your-own-business The 5 W's
Who: Hunsi Mubarak
What: The Revolution was based off his choices
Where: Cairo, Tuhrir Square
When: January 25th, 2011-February 11th
Why: Extra Facts
In order to push the transaction of democratic civilanrul egyptian military leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution. They've said they will run the country for six months or until presidential and parliamentary elections can be held. Extra Facts In order to push towards the transaction of a democratic civilian rule, the Egyptian military leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution. It is said that they will run the country for six months or until presidential and parliamentary elections can be held.
The Egyptian military leaders are forming a committee to amend the constitution and setting rules for referendums needed for public endorsements.
Confirmed they will abide by all of Egypt's international treaties, including the important peace treaty with Israel.
Military has gradually lowered its political profile since the 1970s
They have the largest military in the Arab world
Military assistance comes from the U.S. which supplied 1.3 billion dollars to the Egyptian army The Three W's Who: Hussein Mubarak
What: The Egyptian Revolution occured when Hussein Mubarak was still the President
Where: Cairo, Egypt
In The Tahrir Square
When: January 25th 2011- February 11th
Why: The People of Egypt wanted to change to democracy, get more money, and social rights By: Isis Amon Other Groups
United States:
Helped & supported the Egyptian Military
- U.S. gave 1.3 billion dollars in annual military aid
-Aims at limiting and directing the revolution’s goal of building a true democratic state in Egypt.

Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF):
Took power to govern Egypt after departing from President Mubarak on Febuary 11th 2012
- On February 10, SCAF issued their first press statement, it signaled that the council was about to assume power which they did the next day, which followed Mubarak's resignation. Major Events January 25th Thousands march in downtown Cairo, heading towards the offices of the ruling National Democratic Party, as well as the foreign ministry and the state television. Similar protests are reported in other towns across the country.
According to witnesses on .January 26th a protestor and police officer are killed in central Cairo as anti-government demonstrators pelt security forces with rocks and firebombs for a second day
Police use tear gas, water cannons and batons to disperse protesters in Cairo, ammunition is also fired into the air.
The 29th of January ,In a speech delivered shortly after midnight, Mubarak announces that he has sacked the cabinet, but he himself refuses to step down.
Mubarak resigns on February 11th
Full transcript