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Transcript of art
Artists of the Harlem Renaissance
by Catherine D, Rachel B, Celine A
Ernie was born in Durham, North Carolina in 1938
He was bullied as a kid and that lead him to loving art because he would hide in the bathroom with a pen and pencil to get away from being beaten
Barnes played football and was offered 26 different scholarships to play in college and he painted his team mates in his free time they called him"Big Rembrandt."
can express yourself in creative ways
proud and can overcome the challenge
woman holding an umbrella
Then he went to University of Nebraska Lincoln.
moved to Harlem in 1925
-studied under Winold Weiss
-illustrated many magazines
The Crisis and Opportunity
and Alian lock's book
-went to Europe to study
-1938 he starts to teach at
-1979 he dies
-1920's create large murals
"...Our problem is to conceive, develop, establish an art era. Not white art painting black...let's bare our arms and plunge them deep through laughter, through pain, through sorrow, through hope, through disappointment, into the very depths of the souls of our people and drag forth material crude, rough, neglected. Then let's sing it, dance it, write it, paint it. Let's do the impossible. Let's create something transcendentally material, mystically objective, earthy, and spiritually earthy. Dynamic." - Aaron Douglas.
William H. Johnson
-Born in Florence, South Carolina, in 1901
-Was the illegitimate child of a white man and black women.
-As a young boy he used to draw comic strips, so at 17 Johnson left for New York, to become a cartoonist.
-In 1912 he was accepted into New York's School of National Academy of Design.
- While attending school he worked at studios, in exchange for free lessons.
-William went to Paris for race acceptance, so he could get recognized for his talent.
Harlem Renaissance, a period of literary and artistic activity among blacks centered in New York City's Harlem.
Trip Around the world
-His art was influenced by Paul Cezanne, a french painter.
-Expressionism style were evident in Johnson's work.
After 2 years in Paris, he went back to New york, but then went to Denmark to marry Danish textile artist Holcha Krake.
- He continued to create art and traveled to many places, after a trip to Tunisia, he moved to Norway. This is when his art became more mature.
- Nazis arrive
- New York became the hub of art in the world
-Johnson produced paintings of African Americans based on his studies of European art and African sculpture. These depictions of urban african life , were very popular in New York.
- A trip to South Carolina resulted in Johnson creating black folk art of the rural south.
-When World War II raged he created combat art to raise awareness.
- He also painted suffering, a symbolic reference to cope with life difficulties.
- In the 1940s he started to paint the jitterbug( a popular dance move).
"I'm maturing as an artist in my thinking," Barnes told Ebony in 1973. "I've relaxed emotionally. I'm now looking at the American scene. I'm a historical painter in a sense, but my history is of my own times."
He painted mostly sport figures and moslty African Americans in their everyday lives.
He showed through his paintings "The Beauty of the Ghetto"
"Sugar Shack" was used in the opening credits for the show Good Times which was one of the first show that aired African Americans.
Killed in Action (1942)
- Tragedy struck , Johnson's apartment burnt down and Harlem riots ignited racial tension.
- His art expressed the mistreatment and prejudice blacks faced.
His wife then got Cancer,
which caused him to
create religious work.
Moon over Harlem (1943-1944)
He was influenced by his lie experiences
"true impact on mainstream American painting. He is a synthesizer of all cultures who integrates the fundamental tenants of Western civilization"
Ernie Barnes created paintings to seem as if they were in motion.
Never painted anyone with their eyes open, he said "We don't see each other, we are blind to each other's humanity."
Mount Calvary (1944)
Death + Impact
- After his Holcha's death, he went home to South Carolina.
After his last trip to Denmark, he stayed in New York where his wife's death, racism, and economic hardship took their toll on him. William H. Johnson had a mental breakdown, and from the late 1940s until his death in 1970 Johnson was institutionalized.
-He introduced different aspects of European modernism into American art.
- His unique brand of neo-folk art, sparked a new movement in modern American painting.
- Created opportunities for African American artist and supported them.
Life as a painter
some of his pieces sold for a minimum 30,000
He was drafted into the NFL to paint but he was also a good player
At one of his first shows he sold 18 paintings and was getting commissions from well known celebrities.
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