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Grade 8 Geography Mind Map

Everything that we learned about this year
by

Claire Mazzia

on 24 May 2010

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Transcript of Grade 8 Geography Mind Map

Human Geography Economies Patterns in Human Geography Patterns in Cities Central Business District Zone in Transition Expensive Newer aged Housing SubUrbs Less expensive Dense Culture Migration Mentifacts: Beliefs Sociofacts: Institutions Artifacts: Technologies Ipod Teamwork Religion Factors that influence migration Push Pull INtervening Obstacle Negative local factors or situations that force migration. Positive factors or situations that attract migrants to other destinations. Situation or obstacle that prevents migration. Natural Disasters War Low income Imigration Laws Language
Family Job opportunities Climate Better Life globalization of popular culture = problems Loss of traditional values Loss of religion Loss of language, special rights, and holidays Modifiying Nature Building hotels
altering the environment
Urban landscapes The movement from one area to another: People who move for these reasons beome refugees. Diffusion The spread of a new feature idea/product from one area to another. Engilsh origin Diffusion migration and trade. Destinations England USA
South africa
Australia
Canada Economic basics economic Activity The study of the allociation of scarce resources. Limited Resources Unlimited wants and needs
Factors of Production
Individual
1. Time
2. Money Society
1. Land
(natural resources)
2. Labour
(human resources)
3. Capital
(man made resources) examples:
Needs: wants:
shelter ipod
food laptop
clothing
security
Limited resources + unlimited wants = SCARCITY The fundamental problem that drives all economic systems is scarcity. because of scarcity we must make decisions about what to do with our limited resources. Three basic choices about economics. What to produce
how to produce it
how to distribute the benefits How a society answers these questions determines its kind of economic system. Economic systems Market Economy 0/10 5/10 10/10 Capitalism Mixed Economy Command Economy Communism Level of government intervention in the economy Negative Environmental Impacts: increased demand for natural resources
traffic
air pollution
Noise Eco Tourism an approach that creates a variety of quality tourism products that are... environmentally/ecologically sustainable
economically viable
socially and psychologically acceptable THE SOLUTION Why trade?
Consumer:
More products available at a cheaper price.
More variety in products available
Possible to buy goods that originally wouldn't be availible to them. (Pinapple in Canada.)


Advantages Producer:
More imports to produce more goods for domestic use.
Better access to technology and innovation.
Larger set market - more sales = larger profits. Country:
More imports to satisfy wants of citizens.
Increased cooperation between countries.
Economic and specialization efficiency improves which leads to more efficient uses and factors of production.
Disadvantages Consumer:
Increased chance of unemployment if company is industrialized and moved overseas. Producer:
Increased competition is the result of more imports.
Potentially lower prices for selling goods.
Country:
Increased dependency on other countries.
Potential over exploitation of resources. (ex. over fishing.)
Local companies can be harmed by foreign competition and lower GDP growth. trading agreements EU (European Union) - some Countries Involved
UK
Italy
Spain
France
Greece
Germany
Portugal
Sweden
Finland
Denmark
Netherlands
Austria NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
- Countries Involved
canada
USA
Mexico North Korea USA Canada Sectors of the Economy Primary Industries
(harvest raw materials or natural resources)
Farming
Fishing
Forestry
Coal Mining Secondary Industries
(Convert raw marterials into finished products)
Jewellery production
Textiles
Shipbuilding
Food Processing
Furniture making Tertiary Industries
(provide Services)
Library
School
Grocery
Hospitals
Transportation Primary Industries + Secondary Industries

"Value Added"

Makes primary prducts more valuable, but WHY??
Because it satisfies diverse wants. Examples:
Wheat + Agriculture = Bread
Wood + Forestry = Furniture
Copper + mining = Pans Opportunity Cost (decision Making)
The cost of not doing the next best thing
(Green) Financial cost (money)
The value of something measured in Dollars.
(Red) OPPortunity Cost Map Rules
A complete legend
scale
meaningful title
compass
ruler
Date
Authour
Neat
Accurate
Boarder
Longitude and Latitude lines By: Claire Mazzia Less Dense Still expensive DownTown EU Trade Agreement MIddle Aged Housing
Less Dense Less expensive Not Dense ECUMENE
only 4% of the world has perfect living conditions for people.
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