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Transcript of Pop Music
1940s: improved microphones = intimate singing style
Inexpensive and durable records for singles helped spread pop music
1950s: TVs = pop stars had visual presence
1960s: portable transistor radios = teenagers could listen outside of home
1980s: MTV-like shows = favour stars with strong visual appeal Development Musicologists often identify the following characteristics as typical of the pop music genre:
•an aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology
•an emphasis on craftsmanship rather than formal "artistic" qualities
•an emphasis on recording, production, and technology, over live performance
•a tendency to reflect existing trends rather than progressive developments
•much pop music is intended to encourage dancing, or it uses dance-oriented beats or rhythms Characteristics •The start of recording in the early 1900s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music, when music had the chance to be widely spread
•Others say pop music originated in Britain in the mid-1950s as a description for rock and roll (the term actually overlapped with rock and roll music)
•The term "pop song" is first recorded as being used in 1926, in the sense of a piece of music "having popular appeal" History of Pop Music 1900s One of the first pop songs of the early 1900s was “Take Me Out To The Ball Game” 1920s In the Roaring Twenties, the featured music was of jazz, ragtime and Broadway. A popular pop song and dance was the Charleston 1930s Big bands and swing were all the rage. “In The Mood” by the Glenn Miller Orchestra was a number one hit. 1930s-1940s The first major pop stars were the crooners of the 1930s-1940s
(Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra) 1940s-1950s Many styles flourished because of the influence of radio, which created a mass market for music. Music of the period shows the effects of the upheaval caused by World War II. Rock and roll dominated in the latter half of the 1950’s, which mixed rhythm and blues and gospel with country, western and pop. 1950s-1960s Elvis Presley, known as “The King”, became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll by energizing interpretations of songs and by his uninhibited performance style 1960s The British Invasion, an American term, describes the performers from the United Kingdom who become popular in the U.S. The Beatles became the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed act in the history of popular music who revolutionised pop by writing their own material. By 1967, the term “pop” was increasingly used in opposition to the term rock music. Pop is more commercial than rock and is professionally produced and packaged. 1970s Elton John became the decade’s biggest pop star, releasing diverse styles of music that ranged from ballads to arena rock. 1980s Most popular and powerful musicians included Michael Jackson, Madonna, and Cyndi Lauper. During the mid-1980s American pop singer Cyndi Lauper was considered the “Voice of the MTV Generation of the 1980s” with a different visual style for teens. 1990s Professional songwriters stayed in demand for many “manufactured” stars unable to pen a tune. Boy bands (Take That, Backstreet Boys, ‘N Sync) and female pop stars (Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera) were the ultimate in manufactured acts. 2000s The best pop songs of 2000 include a wider variety of music from teen pop to hip hop and dance music. The number song of 2009 was Black Eyed Peas’ “Boom Boom Pow”. Pop music has absorbed influences
from most other genres:
Vocal harmonies from gospel and soul
Instrumentation from jazz, country,
Orchestration from classical music
Tempo from dance music
Backing from electronic music
Rhythms from hip-hop
Spoken passages from rap •Short-to-medium length songs (2-4 minutes)
•Written in a basic repeated format (verse-chorus structure)
•Chorus contrasts melodically, rhythmically and harmonically from verse
•Catchy, simple melodies with limited harmonic accompaniment
•Instrumentation is usually electric guitars, drums and bass
•Lyrics focus on simple themes, like love and romance
•Main goal is to be enjoyable to listen to, rather than artistic depth
•Mass audience appeal Derived from an abbreviation of "popular"
“Popular” is actually a description of music which is popular (includes any style), while “Pop” is a specific genre with qualities of mass appeal
Often borrowing elements from other styles, including urban, dance, rock, Latin and country
Often characterized as a softer alternative to rock and roll