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Chapter 4 - Drivers ED

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Megan Drew

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 4 - Drivers ED

Chapter 4
Megan, Dana, & Brooke Speed 25 mph - school zones, business or residential districts.
35 mph - suburban business and residential districts
50 mph - Non-posted rural roadways.
55 mph - Certain state highways (as posted) and interstates.
65 mph - Certain interstate highways (as posted). Don't forget to slow down at these! On narrow or winding roads.
At intersections or railroad crossings.
On hills.
At sharp or blind curves.
Where there are pedestrians or driving hazards.
When the road is slippery or wet. Passing You can only pass on the right when there are 2 or more lanes going in the same direction. Don't pass during these circumstances A hill.
A curve.
When you can't see ahead.
Street crossing.
narrow bridges.
When signs and lines prohibit it.
When behind a car that has stopped to let A pedestrian cross. Keeping to the Right Keep right except for when passing. Yielding the right of way Emergency vehicles - When they have flashing lights and/or sirens.
Buses and Postal vehicles - When re-entering the flow of traffic.
Motorized or mobility-assistance devices - When in a crosswalk or seeking to cross a road.
Other vehicles that are already in the intersection. Yielding for Pedestrians Stop for pedestrians in walkways. Failure to stop is a fine of $500, up to 25 days in jail, community service and driving suspension of up to 6 months and 2 points on their license.
Never pass another vehicle that has stopped for a pedestrian.
Motorists will be held responsible for maintaining pedestrian safety. Controlled Intersections When there are traffic signals or signs or it is controlled by a police officer. At a multi-way stop a motorist must yield to the person on the right if they get there at the same time. You should also yield to another motorist already at the intersection. Uncontrolled Intersections This is when there is no traffic signal or regulatory device. If coming from a private road or driveway, you must yield to all traffic on the main road. A Motorist Must Stop... An intersection with an stop sign
An intersection with a red light either flashing or illuminated
An intersection with a yellow light after a green, unless too close to safely stop
When a traffic officer orders the vehicle to stop
When there is a yield sign, and traffic does not permit a safe merge
When a school bus is picking up or letting off kids and/or the red lights are flashing.
When coming from an alley, private driveway or building
At a bridge span that is about to open for boat traffic
For a blind pedestrian using a white or metallic walking cane, or a trained guide dog instructor or a guide dog instructor engaged in instructing a guide dog
For a pedestrian in a crosswalk or at an intersection
For a motorized wheelchair or mobility-assistance device in a crosswalk or intersection. Stop for School Buses Stop at least 25 feet away from a school bus when it's lights are flashing red.
When on a dual-lane highway in the second lane the vehicle should slow to 10 mph. Entering Highways, Parkways
and Turnpikes Motorists enter these types of roadways by acceleration lanes. These are lanes at highway entrances that drivers use to speed up in order to join the flow of traffic. Leaving Highways, Parkways
and Turnpikes Usually, at the exit of a highway, there is an exit ramp or a deceleration lane. These are normally located on the right side of the highway. When you enter a deceleration lane, begin to slow down. Remember that you can never back up on an exit ramp/deceleration lane. Curves It is very important to adjust your steering and speed when approaching a curve on the road. This is because vehicles tend to keep going straight. Right Turn On Red It is not permitted to make a right turn on red if there is a "No Turn on Red" sign posted. If there is no sign posted, the New Jersey law permits a right turn on red after the driver comes to a complete stop and checks for traffic. Right Turns To make the desired right turn, the motorist should approach the intersection as far as possible, while still staying close to the curb or parked cars. The driver should not let the vehicle swing out, into another lane while making the turn, and should keep their car remaining as close to the curb/parked cars as possible while doing the turn. Left Turns Left turns, two vehicles: For a scenario when two vehicles at an intersection want to make left turns, the safe thing to do would be that each motorist should turn to the left of the center of the intersection.
Left turn from a one-way road to a one-way road: In this scenario, the safest thing to do would be to approach the turn in the left lane, and then proceed to turn into the left lane of the road the driver is entering.
Left turn from a two-way road onto a two-way road: In this scenario, it is authorized that the motorist approach the turn as close to the line nearest to the center of the road. As the motorist is turning, they should make sure not to cross the lane markings. To be safe, the motorist should keep to the right of the center line of the road that they are entering. Head lights There are may types of lights but we all know about the head lights.
you should use your head lights between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise.
head lights also must be used when visibility is 500 feet or less when using wind shield wipers.
being able to see while you drive is very important, the cars lights should always be in a good working conduction and clean
the head lights also help other cars that see other cars approaching. Bright & Dim parking lights- they are used for a short period of time, when a car leaves in a permitted zone, they are required on vehicles parked in different areas.
Tail lights- they turn on at the same time as the head. lights they become bright when the car starts to slow down or stop.
Brake lights- these lights become brighter when the car wants to break.
Interim (overhead lights)- it's on the outside of the car, the lights should only be used when they need to be.
dashboard lights- if the lights are to bight they may make a glare for the car and impede vision, you should keep the lights dim on the car to see the signs on the road.
spotlight- they should only be used in emergencies, they may not be used for driving purposes.
fog light- they are used with low beam head lights to provide general lighting ahead for the car. 2 types of headlight settings:
Bright (high)
The bright beam is for open-county driving where there is no traffic
This beam helps the driver see farther ahead and/or at a wider angle.
The beam can momentary blind another motorist going the opposite direction as you on a road.
The motorist can be temporally blinded for 3-5 seconds.
Dim (low)
This beam is used for city driving and driving on roads with traffic. Also this beam is used when traveling behind another vehicle and when another vehicle is approaching. Types of Different Lights Do Not Park... On a crosswalk
Between a safety zone for pedestrians and the adjacent curb within 20 ft of the end of the safety zone
Near properly marked street construction
In a space on public or private property marked for vehicle parking for handicapped
on an interstate highway
on a sidewalk
in a bus stop zone
in front of a public or private driveway
within an intersection
within 10ft of a fire hydrant
within 25ft of a crosswalk at an intersection or side line of a street or intersection highway, except at alleys
within 50ft of a stop sign
within 20 ft of the driveway entrance to any fire station
within 75 ft on the street opposite a fire station entrance.
on any bridge or elevated roadway or in any tunnel
next to another vehicle parked at the curb (double parking)
in an area where parking is prohibited by multiple ordinances. Cell Phones You are not allowed to use hand held devices while driving unless there's an accident.
These emergency situations include:
A fire
A traffic accident
A serious road hazard
A medical emergency
A hazardous material emergency Littering Throwing trash from a parked of moving vehicle is illegal. The fine for doing this is up to $1,000. It may also result in losing his/her license. Work Cited Google images.
Drivers Manual
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