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The String Family

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by

Humza Syed

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of The String Family

The String Family
By:Humza
The String Family makes up more than HALF of the orchestra. Although many of the string instruments look similar, they are very different in size and sound. As you can probably guess from the name, all of the instruments in this family have STRINGS, which are made of gut, steel, or nylon. You play string instruments by drawing a horsehair bow across the strings or by plucking or tapping the strings. In order for an instrument to be considered a string instrument it must follow the following TWO rules: It has to have AT LEAST one string
The string has to be either plucked or bowed
What is the string family?
I hope you learned a little about the strings. I also hope you liked my presentation! Thank you for listening!
History
Although some scholars believe that the first instruments that can be classified as true violins were created in the early 1480s, most agree that the earliest version of the modern violin came into existence during the mid-16th century. The first great violin maker was Andrea Amati (1510 - 1577 C.E.). Amati lived and worked in Cremona, Italy and is credited with designing the shape and key features of the modern violin, cello, and viola. http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-string-family-instruments-history-facts.html#lesson
How they produce sound
How do you play them
To play different instruments, there are different techniques. They are bowing, striking and plucking. An unusual technique is to let the wind do it. This happens with aeolian harp. With some instruments, you have to hit the strings and is with instruments like the piano. There are instruments small enough for a musician to play with no support and you need to crank a wheel. 3rd bridge is a plucking method where the player frets a string and strikes the side opposite the bridge and you use it on electric instruments.
Where do you find most string instruments.
5 main instruments of the string family is the violin, viola, cello, bass (double) and harp. The violin is the most high pitched. The bigger the instrument is and the longer the string is, the lower it is. The violin is the most high pitched because it's the smallest in size and strings. Next comes the viola because it's the second smallest. Next comes the cello. Finally the bass or double bass because it's the biggest. The harp can be high pitched and low pitched because it has big and small strings. They also become high and low when you pitch the sound.
How are they made
The bodies of the string instruments, which are hollow inside to allow sound to vibrate within them, are made of different kinds of wood, but the part of the instrument that makes the sound is the strings, which are made of nylon, steel or sometimes gut. They are all similarly shaped, with curvy wooden bodies and wooden necks. The strings stretch over the body and neck and attach to small decorative heads, where they are tuned with small tuning pegs.
What instruments belong and how are they different in sound

Basically, any instruments that have strings and to play it you have to strum, strike, pluck or bow makes it a string instrument. String instruments take up half of the orchestra so many of them are really calm and soft. But instruments like the guitar or electric guitar, are really like in medium volume or really loud. Also with most orchestra instruments you have to use a bow and with the harp you strum and you don't do it really fast which is way it has that sound. But with instruments like the banjo or guitar, you pluck strings or strike quickly which is way it sounds different from orchestra instruments.
Fun Facts
The viol family is a group of instruments developed during the Renaissance. These differ from the violin family in that they have flat backs, frets and six strings.





5 main instruments and how they sound
String instruments make sound with vibrating strings, and the pitch is modified by the thickness, tension, and length of the string. All string instruments make sounds with tensioned strings. Longer strings produce a lower tone than shorter ones. Tighter strings produce a higher sound than looser ones. Thicker strings produce a lower sound than thinner strings. That is why, even though all the strings on a guitar are the same length, they all sound a different note. String instruments can be plucked, bowed, or in the case of the piano, struck. Bowing allows very long, sustained notes with interesting dynamics. Electric guitars use magnetic pickups to convert vibration to an electric signal. String instruments must be tuned perfectly by tightening or loosening their strings.
You can many in orchestras (violin, cello...etc). You can also find instruments like the guitar or electric instruments in bands or parties. They originally came from Europe at medieval times and later on went to Asia and North America. Nowadays, you can find them in every continent and almost every country. More modern type instruments are in North America and Asia (U.S.A and China) while other countries stay with the string instrument they originally started with.
The string family is the largest musical family
It is also the easiest one to play
The violin used to be called a kit in Italy
When you play the violin, you lose 160 calories
String instruments are used in a wide variety of settings and in a wide variety of music genres, from symphony orchestras to a country music

Most of the string instruments names come from italy
Violin means little bass, cello mean violoncello, and guitar come from greek (kithara), spanish (guitarra) and french (guitare)
Video on the history
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-string-family-instruments-history-facts.html#lesson
The Guitar
The instrument I was going to bring for this presentation was the acoustic guitar, but it broke so I wasn't able to bring it. But it's all right because you all know what it looks like! The guitar is one of the most popular instruments in the string family and ranges from 4 to 18 strings, usually 6 strings. The guitar is a chordophone, was constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings in the past. It distinguished from other chordophones by it's construction and tuning.There are three main types of acoustic guitar: the classical guitar, the steel-string acoustic guitar, and the archtop guitar. It makes sound because the strings vibrate and since there is a hollow part under the strings, it keeps on vibrating which makes a louder sound. The guitar is used in a wide variety of musical genres worldwide. It is recognized as a primary instrument in blues, bluegrass, country, flamenco, folk, jazz, jota, mariachi, metal, punk, reggae, rock, soul, and many forms of pop.
Here is an amazing video of a guitarist!
Full transcript