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Environmental Sustainability

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Maggie Zhu

on 22 July 2014

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Transcript of Environmental Sustainability

What is Environmental Sustainability?
Environmental sustainability is the ability to sustain our natural environment, to be able to maintain conditions where humans and nature can exist in productive harmony.
History
The imbalance between the legimate use of resources and environmental well-being started in the Industrial Reveloution (1760).
Coal dominated industrial society's energy production until well into the twentieth century
Resources were also being depleted for the means of production and to support the growing human population
Energy use substantially increased
Deforestation and clear-cutting for houses/buildings/communities
Sustainability did not become an issue of concern until the end of the 20th century.
Environmental Impacts
The most concerning environmental issues are the hemorrhaging of biodiversity, degrading the ozone layer, climate change, toxins, and dying oceans
Prevention/Restore the Environment
Environmental Sustainability
What is the Issue?
The environment as it is right now is not sustainable, it is declining.
The earth is deteriorating as a whole.
The cause of this is the human species.
Where is this issue occurring?
Everywhere on earth
e.g. global warming is affecting the climates on earth
Source of the issue occur from places infiltrated with people
Who is affected?
Everyone living organism on earth is affected.
e.g. Air pollution affects land organisms and water pollution affects aquatic organisms.
Air pollution
Water pollution
Waste production and hazardous wastes produced
Loss of biodiversity
Secondary effects
Air pollution
Respiratory problems and even cancer
Global warming
Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the North and South Pole
Sea level rising
Change in ecosystems
Carbon dioxide (main type of air pollution) that is absorbed into the water lowers the pH (more acidic).
Water pollution
Microbial water pollution results in infectious diseases like cholera and typhoid fever (primary cause of infant mortality)
Polluted water causes an increase in aerobic algae which depletes oxygen from the water, suffocating aquatic organisms
Waste Production
and Hazardous wastes
Industrial waste is very toxic, damaging the health of aquatic animals and their consumers, causing immune suppression, reproductive failure, or acute poisoning
Loss of Biodiversity
irreversible
over 100 species a day are going extinct
air pollution - terrestrial life
water pollution - aquatic life
To support the exponential growth of the human species, we take away from other organisms - e.g. clear cutting to build houses/buildings/communities
Reduce
Reuse
Recycle
Spread the news, make other people aware of our environmental issues.
Support environmental organizations.
Vote for political leaders that plan restore our environment.
Follow the three R's:
reduce the amount of resources you use
buy products that will last
cut back on water use
don't waste energy - turn electronics off when not in use
Reusing keeps new resources from being used for a while longer, and old resources from entering the waste stream.
Before recycling or disposing a used product, consider if it has any more uses
A jam jar can be used as a storage container.
A broken electronic device can be fixed.
Recycling converts waste products into reusable material.
Do not discard anything that can be recycled.
Buy products with recyclable packaging.
Greenpeace
Greenpeace is an independent global campaigning organization founded in 1971 in Vancouver, BC.
Their main goals/missions are:
Creating an energy revolution
to address the number one threat facing our planet: climate change.
Protecting the world's ancient forests
and the animals, plants and people that depend on them.
Defending our oceans
by challenging wasteful and destructive fishing, and creating a global network of marine reserves.
Campaigning for sustainable agriculture
by rejecting genetically engineered organisms, protecting biodiversity and encouraging socially responsible farming.
Creating a toxic free future
with safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals in today's products and manufacturing.
How was
Greenpeace
formed?
In 1971, a small group of activists set sail to the Amchitka Island off Alaska to try and stop a US nuclear weapons test.
They caught public interest and the media went wild about their voyage.
Their old fishing boat was called "The Greenpeace".
Taking Action
Greenpeace campaigns involve a number of elements:
Communications
Direct action
Markets
The fleet
Political lobbying
Public education and engagement
Scientific research
Get Involved with
Greenpeace
By: Maggie Zhu
Success stories
Greenpeace has contributed to many positive environmental changes around the world. They have 139 success stories in their site starting from the time the organization was founded.
Some recent successes include:
In 2012, the Quebec government shut down the Gentilly-2, the last remaining nuclear reactor in the province, which was a step towards a future of green energy.
In 2011, Lego, a major toy company, announced plans to remove deforestation from its supply chain. This was a result of the Greenpeace campaign to persuade the toy industry to stop using rainforest destruction in its packaging.
donate to support their cause
Greenpeace relies on donations from individual supporters, and on grants from foundations.
They do not accept money from corporations, governments or political parties to maintain independence.
Volunteer
Greenpeace has regular volunteer oppurtunities in Ottawa
Environmental Stability and Greenpeace
They are involved in the issue on environmental sustainability because:
The founders were activists who believed that the earth needed change.
The organization's main goals all come together to produce one vital goal: to make the environment sustainable.
Works Cited:
"About Us." Greenpeace Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 July 2014. <http://www.greenpeace.org/canada/en/About-us/>.

"Environmental Sustainability Is the Core Issue of Our times." News for the Rest of Us. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 July 2014. <http://rabble.ca/columnists/2010/12/environmental-sustainability-core-issue-our-times>.

"How Much Has the Global Temperature Risen in the Last 100 Years? | UCAR - University Corporation for Atmospheric Research." How Much Has the Global Temperature Risen in the Last 100 Years? | UCAR - University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2014. <https://www2.ucar.edu/climate/faq/how-much-has-global-temperature-risen-last-100-years>.

"The Top 5 Environmental Issues Humanity Should Be Thinking About in 2013." Inhabitat Sustainable Design Innovation Eco Architecture Green Building The Top 5 Environmental Issues Humanity Should Be Thinking About in 2013 Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2014. <http://inhabitat.com/the-top-5-green-issues-humanity-should-be-thinking-about-in-2013/>.

"The Fountain Magazine - Issue - Historical Background To The Present Environmental Crisis." The Fountain Magazine - Issue - Historical Background To The Present Environmental Crisis. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2014. <http://www.fountainmagazine.com/Issue/detail/Historical-Background-To-The-Present-Environmental-Crisis>.

"World Population Clock: 7 Billion People (2014) - Worldometers." World Population Clock: 7 Billion People (2014) - Worldometers. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2014. <http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/>.

"The 3 R's - Reduce Reuse Recycle - NRDC." The 3 R's - Reduce Reuse Recycle - NRDC. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2014. <http://www.nrdc.org/thisgreenlife/0802.asp>.

"One Billion Acts of Peace Issues." Peacejam. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2014. <http://www.peacejam.org/issues/Environmental-Sustainability-7.aspx>.

"WWF Slams Canada In 2012 Living Planet Report." The Huffington Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/05/15/wwf-living-planet-report_n_1518364.html>.
Human Population Growth
Canada and Environmental Sustainability
Is investing in clean energy
Canada has the world's 8th largest ecological footprint.
More than half comes from the use of fossil fuels.
Ecological footprint - the measure of human demand on the environment, expressed as the amount of land required to sustain their use of natural resources.
If the entire world lived like Canadians do, it would take 3.5 earths to support the demand.
Economic impacts:
Damage to property and infrastructure from extreme weather.
Mass migration - refugees who are forced to leave home because of climate-related disasters.
During the 20th century alone, the world went from 1.65 billion to 6 billion.
Political impacts?
Social impacts?
Now that environmental sustainability is a widely known issue, the government is expected to make changes.
The Green party in Canada is for environmental protection.
It encourages communities to help out in restoring the environment.
One change is that most houses in our community now own a recycling bin.
Discussion Questions
1. Do you think humans are willing to make the sacrifice to restore the environment?


2. Do you think our government should make stricter laws towards the use of resources?


3. Environmental vs. Technology, which one should be the first priority?
Full transcript