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Copy of Gay and Lesbian Depictions in Television Media
Transcript of Copy of Gay and Lesbian Depictions in Television Media
My Intelligence & Capacity
Sade & Crystal History of Sexual Stereotypes & Gender Roles in Television Current Light of Television Happening Television Media on Role of Men and Women, Gay and Lesbian for Crystal Modern Depictions of Gay and Lesbian Television Characters How have representation of women, men, or gays and lesbians, changed from shows in earlier decades like the 60;s or 70’s or 80’s vs. how are they are represented now? Is there greater or less diversity in the representations of men and women in these shows? 3.What do the depictions of men and women say about their relationship to each other? Who has power, the way they dress, who is in charge, who is strong, who is a victim etc. 3. Do men and women have more equal relationships? Or is stereotypical female/male behaviors reinforced? Are men and women shown in reverse roles in some way, or do shows parody traditional roles? 4. Are women shown in sexualized positions or as victims who need to be saved? What are the early images saying about gay men and lesbians? How do the portrayals of women perpetuate stereotypes and pressure of female body images? Ads of men and women 60s: Stereotypes about women and men were pretty much what socitey taught us on how to present ourselves. The traditional idea of success and happiness was rooted in to the conservative ideal of the American family structure of the “Breadwinning father, stay-at-home mother and children.” For example "Father Knows Best," "Leave it to Beaver," and “The Donna Reed Show.”
70s: Shows started to appeal to a younger, more urban demographic. It was transformed by what became termed as "social consciousness" programming. "All in the Family" broke down television barriers. ABC started the trend of TV centered on sexual gratification humor and situations, nicknamed "jiggle television." JiggleTV shows included the crime-fighting television series Charlie's Angels, which starred up-and-coming sex symbols of sex kitten. The gay community seen as dangerous, sick, to be feared or pitied with shows like Marcus Welby, M.D., Dan August, Police women.
80s: More reversed roles on TV. Career women stereotype emerged in 80s when women became more prominent in the business world. These are usual strong women that are typically represented as cold and they strive to be the best in their field, they're career goes above anything. Males seen at stay at home fathers with jobs, or even nannies. Shows like "Growing Pains," "Charles in Charge" or "Who's the Boss?" Greater diversity in the representation of men and women in these shows as shown examples of Primetime TV shows from ABC. More of an open minded compared to the past decades. Accepting society and generation that where TV tries to keep up with what we believe. But at the same time there is pressure put upon us to view things in certain ways. Modern family, Sophia Regaro seen as sassy cuban wife, Scandal tough women in charge.
Men and women ads try to persuade us by saying that looking a certain way or wearing there will attract the opposite sex. Example Gucci D&G Ads. 44.3 percent of females were gainfully employed -- compared with 54.5 percent of males. Women across the board were more likely to be shown wearing sexy attire or exposing some skin, and body size trends were apparent: "Across both prime time and family films, teenaged females are the most likely to be depicted thin," Smith wrote in the study's executive summary. Stereotyping in television from the 60’s to late 80’s was definitely an issue.
Things have change for the last centuries but not completely. From the early 90’s to now men and women can have done any job regardless of their gender BUT still in the business world we don't see many women taking power over big companies or other good positions.
Compared to shows back then, women have a bit more equality but the inequality is still apparent. The matter of equality between women and men has became an obsolete and even taboo subject. Meet the Robinsons, a 2007 Disney film that was included in the Institute’s data, is an example of a G-rated film that blatantly portrays an image of gender inequality.
Despite the statistics, the Institute notes that some progress has been made in the male-to-female ratio in Best Picture nominations in the Academy Award, though it is important to see that the decrease male to female ratio has not been a consistient downward trend.
Pixar Movie Brave, before Brenda Champman. Now Mark Andrews 40’s-80’s: Representations of gay and lesbian people were rare during the first few decades of U.S. television
90’s-now: society in general can no longer pretend that gay people do not exist—the evidence of their presence is right there on the television screen.
"The increase in lesbian, gay, and bisexual characters on primetime television not only reflects the shift in American culture towards greater awareness and understanding of our community, but also a new industry standard that a growing number of creators and networks are adopting.
BBC survey finds 18% 'uncomfortable' with the depiction of gay and lesbian on television.
Now there's is more visibility and more variation in roles. This began to change in the mid-1990s with the controversial coming out episode of Ellen in 1997 and the success of Will and Grace in 1998.
In the 1990s to the early 2000s there was a signifaicnt increase in both the number of gay character appearing in popular television show, the range and diversity. Not only in shows and comedy gays and lesbians appear but also in the news. Is there more visibility, more variation of roles now? Or are they still stereotypical - gay men still shown as stereotypically “fey” and lesbians as butch or more masculine? Are lesbians more sexualized? Don Lemon
"CNN" Jenna Wolfe "Today"
& Stephanie Gosk "NBC" Anderson Cooper
"Anderson Cooper 360" Rachel Maddow