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Unit 12 public health - Task 1

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Amelia Dack

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Unit 12 public health - Task 1

By Amelia Dack The key influences in Public Health. Beverige Report 1942 Saving Lives: Our healthier Nation Acheson Report 1988 Choosing health: making healthy choices tastier 2004 John snow first had the theory that cholera was water bound so he tested the water to prove his theory that the deathly disease was caused by poor sanitation, when his theory was proven he created the broad st pump to help sanitize the water so that it was safe from cholera and other deathly diseases. This proved to work and lowered the death rates. This has benefited us as a country because through the discovery of cholera discovered the link between sanitation and public health which has helped us to improve the sewage systems to present day. John Snow + B,ST,Pump The National Public Health Act 1840 National Health Service The poor law amendment was introduced to reduce the cost of looking after the poor, if people wanted help they had to go into a workhouse to get it. The poor were given clothes and food in the workhouse in exchange for many hours of manual labour in return. Families were also split up inside the workhouse and people had to wear a uniform and follow strict rules and were on an unhealthy diet of bread and watery soup. Conditions were made so terrible that only the people who desperately needed help would go there. The poor law 1934 John snow and the sanitary act Health Protection Agency 19th Century! 21st Century! 20th century! The public health act was the outcome of chadwicks sanitary report and was brought in because of the pressure applied on parliament by the health of towns association. The legislation was to make the government responsible for water supplies and drainage to be kept clean. John snow first had the theory that cholera was water bound so he tested the water to prove his theory that the deathly disease was caused by poor sanitation, when his theory was proven he created the broad st pump to help sanitise the water so that it was safe from cholera and other deathly diseases. This proved to work and lowered the death rates. This has benefited us as a country because through the discovery of cholera discovered the link between sanitation and public health which has helped us to improve the sewage systems to present day. William beveridge published the beveridge report in 1942 and recommended that the government should find ways of fighting the five giant evils of want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. In 1945 the new priminister announced he wuld introduce the welfare state outlines in the beveridge report, this included the national health service in 1948 with free medical treatment for all. A system of benefits was introduced to provide social security so that people would would be protected. People who worked had to make contributions each week and so did emeployers. The NHS was set up on July 5th 1948 and was created by Aneurin Bevan who opened a park hospital in Manchester. The purpose of the NHS was to bring good health and care to every individual in United Kingdom, it didn’t matter what the individual’s status of wealth was, gender, race, age, disability, religion or sexual orientation, none of these factors affected you being in receipt of the NHS health care. It caused all health care professionals to come together and provide free health care for everyone. The Acheson report was a report that was published in 1998 by Donald Acheson. The report demonstrates what the health was like and the link between health and social class. With the findings came the facts that mortality were decreased from 1970 – 1990. the Government created an action plan aimed at tackling poor health particularly for those who are worst off in society. The targets aim to reduce deaths caused by the four main killers, cancer, coronary heart disease and strokes, accidents and mental illness. ‘making healthier choices easier’ is about supporting the public to make healthier choices in regard to their health. The government provided information and practical support to get people motivated and to improve their emotional wellbeing and access to services so that healthy choices become easier to make. The role of the health promotion agency is to tackle the determinants of health, will help develop personal skills, strengthen community actions and creating supportive environments for health. Special attention is given if relevant such as bring in health services such as medical attention, social services, dentists and therapists to help look at the health of a person and how to benefit for them.
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