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Ancient Mayans

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Louis Kettelberger

on 16 April 2010

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Transcript of Ancient Mayans

The ancient mayans By: Louis Kettelberger, Geoff Japchen, and Jack Biersmith, Rachel Matthews, Daniel Richardson, Celine Links,and
Julia Bonitatis Celebrations! Homes Priest Homes Average The average mayan home consistes of one rectangular room with only one door. The houses have steep roofs to drain out rain water and only one door. They have no windows and are constructed mostly of clay and branches. The priest houses are fairly larger than the average house. They are made of stone and are often painted and plastered with bright colors! Mayan History Classic period in
Mayan History
began around A.D 320 The earliest known mayan city
was Uaxatun in Northern
Guatamela dating back to A.D 328 Some other important mayan
citis include Copan, Tikal, Palenque.
these cities and others in the highlands of Guatamela
were used as religious and political centers. Also, they were
home to the gods. To feed the gods the
Mayans used human
sacrafices, animals sacrafices, and human
blood offerings. It is believed that poor farming habits caused
the fall of the early mayan civilization. War, Famine,
and changes in climate added to the fall. By 889, the Mayan cities lay in ruin. That marked the beggining of the Yucatan. The seat of government then was Chicken Itza. After that the Mayans became more war-like. Then a series of non Mayan people entered the land. These outsiders greatly influenced the culture of the Maya. Then in 1511 Geronimo de Aguilar and a few
other spaniards landed on mayan Soil. Several
of them were killed. Aguilar found a friendly chief and was treated well. He married a Mayan women and accepted the customs of their life. It is also believed that he also led a war against Hernado Cortez, the Spanish conquerer of Mexico. Priests houses Mayans today still celebrate a ritual for the passing of infantry. The child is given a gun to represent hunting, a book to represent tuition, scissors to represent craftmanship, a knife to represent stealth, and coins to represent wealth. All-souls day is celebrated on Oct 31 and Nov 1 they pray after every meal which they usually share with family members. 8 days later they give offerings to the spirits for they have to move on. Carnaval takes place 5 days after ash wednesday. It is known to mayans as the festival of games and to celebrate they fire off cannons and have a carnival! They also remember the war for their teritorial rights against the spainards. They also celebrate the pine, the symbol of life. Men Woman Children Special people People The men farmed and made pots. They wore loincloth, with jewelry and sandals. The woman wove cloth and baskets. Cooking was also a big part of their day. They wore long skirts and tunics along with jewelry and sandals. The children learned to work like their parents. They wore very basic clothes. Only scribes went to school. Nobles wore long skirts, tunics, or capes. Some mayans also wore fancy headdresses. The more complicated the headdress, the more important the person. Modt cloth is made from cotton and it is dyed with vegetable dye. More important people wear layers of more brightly decorated cloth Most cloth is made from cotton and is dyed in vegetable dye Work Trade Most mayans made many of the things they needed. Traders would bring only special goods in to the people in cities. They also brought stones for the craftworkers to use. The craftsman lived in the cities and used raw materials such as feathers shells and precious stones. They made things for ajaws, nobles, and priests. Religion taught that without the gift of blood, gods would stop the sun, rain, and everything else The priest would put his blood in a bowl because they believed in many gods and spirits that would help you if you were in trouble. Most people had a shrine in their house so that they could pray to dead relatives. Food and farming were an important part of the life of mayans. The main food and crop is maize, which is basically corn. Although this is an important part of there diet, they also eat foods like avacado, breadnut, beans, squash, pumpkins, and root plants. Food Farming The areas that mayans farm most is in the land that surrounds cities. Tools important for farming include a stone axe, a digging stick with a sharp point, a hoe made of a stone blade tied to a pole. Mayans find water sacred because without it, they wouldn't be able to grow crops.
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