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War on Drugs

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Ruth Campos

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of War on Drugs


90% of cocaine entering the U.S. travels through Mexico
Mexican cartels are the main supplier of marijuana and meth in the U.S.
The cartels make about $19 to $29 billion annually from U.S. drug sales

War on Drugs

Yazmin Garcia
Ruth Campos

Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo
Guadalajara, Jalisco
The first Mexican Drug Cartel, the Guadalajara Cartel, was started here by Miguel Angel in 1980
When one of the group's co founders was captures and convicted Miguel Angel kept a low profile,decided to divide up the trade for it to be more efficient and less likely to be brought down by one law enforcement swoop.

The second largest cartel
Originally part of the Gulf Cartel; officially separated in 2010
Founder Arturo Guzmán Decena

Los Zetas
Arturo Guzmán Decena
Former army officer for Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales, GAFE (Special Forces Airmobile Group)
Conviced at least 31 soldiers to leave the military and join the Gulf Cartel
Killed by Mexican military in 2002
* Salary for U.S. private does NOT include bonuses, allowances, and benefits
Logan, S. (2012). A profile of los zetas: Mexico’s second most powerful drug cartel. Retrieved from http://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/a-profile-of-los-zetas-mexicos-second-most-powerful-drug-cartel
Locsin, A.The average salary of a U.S. soldier. Retrieved from http://work.chron.com/average-salary-us-soldier-9060.html
Source: CEPAL

Public Expenditure on Education
as Percentage of GDP

What can be done?
U.S. legalization of marijuana or at least legalization in the border states
Decrease demand from Mexican suppliers
Better investment in education
Better benefits for soldiers and police
Better gun control in the U.S.
70% off weapons originate from U.S.
Sinaloa Cartel
The Pacific coast operation were taken over by Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman an Ismael Zambada Garcia.
The Sinaloa Cartel has a presence in 17 Mexican states, with important centers in Mexico City, Tepic, Toluca, Zacatecas, Guadalajara, and most of the state of Sinaloa.
The cartel is primarily involved in the smuggling and distribution of Colombian cocaine, Mexican marijuana, methamphetamine and Mexican and Southeast Asian heroin into the United States.
It is believed that a group known as the Herrera Organization would transport multi-ton quantities of cocaine from South America to Guatemala on behalf of the Sinaloa Cartel. From there it is smuggled north to Mexico and later into the U.S.
The fight against Human trafficking is complicated by the deep involvement of the country’s notorious drug cartels in the business. Narco gangs like the Zetas have diversified their portfolio to include kidnapping, extortion, theft of crude oil, gun running and lucrative human-trafficking networks.

Murders of Journalist
56 journalists killed during Mexico's drug war since 2006 (a figure calculated by the New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists).
Cartels want the press to be silent because keeping an image that a city is safe can prevent the Mexican government from sending more federal troops to the area.
In addition, Mexican media outlets find themselves vulnerable to attacks when they are in an area with two or more organized crime groups. A group might threaten to kill a journalist if there is coverage of them on the media, while another group might do the same if there is not any coverage

What has been done?
Felipe Calderon sent 50,000 soldiers after the drug cartels when he became president of Mexico in 2006.
The Merida Initiative: U.S. pledge of $1.5 billion between 2008 and 2010.
Program renewed in 2011
Provides aircraft, inspection tools and other sophisticated drug-detecting technology
2,143 Mexican women have been arrested in the U.S. over the past decade for involvement in drug trafficking and 46 female cartel leaders were arrested by Mexican authorities in October 2011 cartels have been increasingly placing women in key management roles.
The centerpiece of Peña Nieto's plans is the creation of a 10,000-person national gendarmerie – or paramilitary police force designed to patrol far-flung areas where local law enforcement and military forces have failed to eradicate widespread crime. Similar forces are used in European countries like Spain and Italy.

http://www.businessinsider.com/mexican-drug-war statistics-2012-6#ixzz2v49ahWS1
Latest Breaking News
Effects in Mexico
Violence increased after 2006
48,000 people have been murdered since 2006
5,000 missing
According to Viridiana Rios of the Harvard Department of Government, the cost of violence is equivalent to 1.07 billion dollars

Government officials have worked with cartels
Votes for protection
Police and soldiers often sell information to cartels
Federal Investigation agents have been arrested for working with cartels
Corruption at the US border
127 Customs and Border Protection employees have been arrested or indicted
Accepted cartel bribes (money, sex, etc.)
On February 22,2014 El Chapo guzman was arrested and escorted out by authorities from his 4th floor condo at 608 Av del Mar in the beachfront Miramar condominium in Mazatlán, Sinaloa,
Guzman faces organized crime and drug trafficking charges in five different Mexican federal courts.
So what will happen to Mexico now?
Nobody really has any idea at this point , lots of ideas are floating around such as the violence will now increase due to who will take over the Sinaloa Cartel, it is also said that Mayo Zamabada has taken over, and others say that he is trying to avoid arrest so he will not take over.
It is also known that many people see Guzman as a hero that is sang about as someone to made it and ridiculed the law, so there is tons of uncerntinty.
Guzmán Loera has been ranked by Forbes magazine as one of the most powerful people in the world every year since 2009, ranking 41st, 60th and 55th respectively
Who is Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman?
born into a poor family in the rural community of La Tuna, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico
Out of his 7 sibilings "El Chapo sold oranges as a child, then started to steal cars and then moved on into organized crime.
He then took leadership of the Sinaloa cartel on April 8,1989 after his mentor Felix was arrested.
In June 9nth of 1993 he was arrested for drug trafficking, bribery and criminal association charges. Once he learned that he was being transferred to the United States he bribed his way out by hiding in a laundry basket.
Who is Isamel "El Mayo" Zambada?
Zambada began his criminal career by smuggling a few kilograms of drugs at the time, then increased his gang's production of heroin and marijuana while consolidating his position as a trafficker of Colombian cocaine.
El Chapo's Partner
Why are the Cartel's successful?
Zambada has historically worked closely with the Juárez Cartel and the Carrillo Fuentes family, while maintaining independent ties to Colombian cocaine suppliers
He has served as the logistical coordinator for the Zambada-Garcia faction of the Sinaloa Cartel which has assisted in the exporting of cocaine and heroin into Chicago and other U.S. cities by train, ship, jet and submarine
51% of population in poverty
Cartels giving back

Los Zetas distributed bread and gifts to people in Tamaulipas
Gulf Cartel distributed bread and money to people in Tampico
He is known to be the Brains of the operations, while El Chapo is known to be the Muscle.
It is said that now with the recent arrest of El Chapo Ismael Mayo Zambada will be taking over leadership of the Sinaloa Cartel.
They Recruit Young
Hire kids to be on the look out
Approximately 30,000 involved in some kind or organized crime
El Ponchis, born in San Diego, 14 years old when arrested
So you know that the last letter of the alphabet, support's the people from "Z"
What can be done?
Better investment in education
Higher pay for soldiers and police
Legalization of marijuana in U.S. to decrease demand from cartel suppliers
Better gun control- 6,700 licensed firearms dealers in the U.S. along the U.S.-Mexico border
70% of guns recovered from Mexican criminal activity

Cartels Provide Jobs
"We support Chapo Guzman because he is the one who gives us jobs and helps out in the mountains"

Some say El Chapo helped other rival cartels from terrorizing Sinaloa.
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